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DEPARTMENT ORDER NO.

13
NATIONAL BUILDING CODE
DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 13,
OF THESERIES
PHILIPPINES
OF 1998
(Guidelines
In Governing
Relation toOccupational
Safety Safety and
Health in the Construction Industry)

MISTULA, Loverney R.
PERMITS AND INSPECTION
Building Permits
• First obtain a building permit therefor from the Building Official

Non-Issuance, Suspension or Revocation of Building Permits


• The Building Official may order or cause the non-issuance, suspension or revocation
of building permits on any or all of the following reasons or grounds:
(a) Errors found in the plans and specifications;
(b) Incorrect or inaccurate data or information supplied;
(c) Non-compliance with the provisions of this Code or of any rule or regulation.

Inspection and Supervision of Work


• Engage the services of a duly licensed architect or civil engineer to undertake the full
time inspection and supervision of the construction work.
Building Permits
PERMITS AND INSPECTION
Inspection and Supervision of Work
FIRE-RESISTIVE REQUIREMENTS IN
CONSTRUCTION
Fire-Resistive Time Period Rating
• It is the length of time a material can withstand being burned which may be one-
hour, two-hours, three-hours, four-hours, etc.

Fire-Resistive Standards
• All construction materials, and assemblies or combinations thereof shall be
classified according to their fire-retardant or flame-spread ratings as determined
by general accepted testing methods and/or by the Secretary.

Fire-Resistive Regulations
• Shall prescribe standards and promulgate rules and regulations on the testing of
construction materials for flame-spread characteristics, tests on fire damages,
fire tests of building construction and materials, and such.
FIRE-RESISTIVE REQUIREMENTS IN
CONSTRUCTION
Fire-Resistive Standards
SANITATION
Water Supply System
(a) Whenever available, the potable water requirements for a building used for
human habitation shall be supplied from existing municipal or city
waterworks system.
(b)The quality of drinking water from meteoric, surface or underground sources
shall conform to the criteria set in the latest approved National Standards for
Drinking Water.
(c) The design, construction and operation of deep wells for the abstraction of
groundwater shall be subject to the provisions of the Water Code of the
Philippines.
(d)The design, construction and operation of independent waterworks systems
private housing subdivisions or industrial estates shall be governed by
existing laws relating to local waterworks system.
(e) The water piping installations inside buildings and premises shall conform to
the provisions of the National Plumbing Code of the Philippines.
SANITATION
Water Supply System
SANITATION
Wastewater Disposal System
(a) Sanitary sewage from buildings and neutralized or pre-treated industrial
wastewater shall be discharged directly into the nearest street sanitary sewer
main of existing municipal or city sanitary sewerage system in accordance with
the criteria set by the Code on Sanitation and the National Pollution Control
Commission.
(b)All buildings located in areas where there are no available sanitary sewerage
system shall dispose their sewage “Imhoff” or septic tank and subsurface
absorption field.
(c) Sanitary and industrial plumbing installations inside buildings and premises shall
conform to the provisions of the National Plumbing Code.

Storm Drainage System


(a) Rainwater drainage shall not discharge to the sanitary sewer system.
(b)Adequate provisions shall be made to drain low areas in buildings and their
premises.
SANITATION
Wastewater Disposal System
SANITATION
Storm Drainage System
SANITATION
Pest and Vermin Control
(a)All buildings with hollow and/or wood construction shall be
provided with rat proofing.
(b)Garbage bins and receptacles shall be provided with ready means
for cleaning and with positive protection against entry of pest and
vermin.
(c)Dining rooms for public use without artificial ventilation shall be
properly screened.

Noise Pollution Control


• Industrial establishments shall be provided with noise prevention
devices to lift the noise level of equipment and machinery.
PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS
DURING CONSTRUCTION OR
DEMOLITION
Storage in Public Property
• Shall not obstruct free and convenient approach to and use of any fire hydrant, fire
or police alarm box, utility box, catch basin, or manhole and shall not interfere with
any drainage of any street or alley gutter.

Mixing Mortar on Public Property


• The mixing of mortar, concrete, or similar materials on public streets shall not be
allowed.

Protection of Utilities
• Shall be protected from any damage by any work being done under the permit.
The protection shall be maintained while such work is being done and shall not
obstruct the normal functioning of any such utility.
PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS
DURING CONSTRUCTION OR
DEMOLITION
Walkway
(a) When the Building Official authorizes a sidewalk to be fenced or closed, or in case
there is no sidewalk in front of the building site during construction or demolition, a
temporary walkway of not less than 1.20 meters wide shall be provided.
(b) The walkway shall be capable of supporting a uniform live load of 650 kilograms per
square meter.
Maintenance and Removal of Protective Devices
(a) Maintenance. All protective devices shall be properly maintained in place and kept
in good order for the entire length of time pedestrians may be endangered.
(b)Removal. Every protective fence or canopy shall be removed within 30 days after
such protection is no longer required as determined by the Building Official.
PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS
DURING CONSTRUCTION OR
DEMOLITION
Pedestrian Protection
(a)Protection Required. Pedestrian traffic shall be protected by a railing
on the street side when the walkway extends into the roadway
(b)Railings. Adequate railings when required shall be built substantially
strong and should be at least 1.00 meter in height.
(c)Fences. Fences shall be built of an approved material, not less than
2.40 meters in height above grade, and be placed on the side of the
walkway nearest to the building site.
(d)Canopies. The protective canopy shall have a clear height of 2.40
meters above the railway, and shall be structurally safe.
PROTECTION OF
PEDESTRIANS
DURING
CONSTRUCTION
OR DEMOLITION
PROTECTION OF PEDESTRIANS
DURING CONSTRUCTION OR
DEMOLITION
Demolition
(a)The work of demolishing any building shall not be
commenced until all the necessary pedestrian
protective structures are in place.
(b)The Building Official may require the permittee to
submit plans, specifications and complete schedule
of demolition.
DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 13
DEPARTMENT ORDER NO. 13,
SERIES OF 1998
(Guidelines Governing Occupational Safety and
Health in the Construction Industry)

GALLARDO, Ronissa Ann A.


OBJECTIVES
to ensure the protection and welfare of workers employed

to ensure protection and welfare of the general


public within and around the immediate vicinity
of any construction worksite

to take into consideration industry practices


and applicable government requirements
SECTION 2: Jurisdiction

The DOLE, through the Secretary


of Labor and Employment, has the
exclusive jurisdiction in the
preparation of Occupational Safety
and Health Standards (OSHS) for
the Construction Industry.
SECTION 4: Coverage

The guidelines shall


apply to all construction
activities, including
demolition, whether
owned by the private or
the government sector.
SECTION 5:
Construction Safety and Health Programs

Before the actual construction, the


construction project manager shall
prepare and submit to DOLE Regional
Office a comprehensive construction
safety and health program:
safety and health committee
safety policies
penalties and sanction
orientation, instruction and training
waste disposal
SECTION 6:
Personal Protective Equipment

All employers must provide personal


protective equipment for all employees
needing such equipment. all other persons
entering the construction site must wear the
necessary protective equipment:
1. for specialty construction workers
2. for all other persons authorized or allowed
within the construction site
3. free of charge
SECTION 7:
Safety Personnel

A means of coordination was


established wherein the main or
general contractor shall have overall
management and coordination of all
safety and health officers/personnel
working within the construction site. all
full-time safety and health personnel
must be accredited by DOLE.
SECTION 7:
Personal Protective Equipment
SECTION 9:
Construction Safety Signages

Mandatory provision of safety and


warning signs are reiterated not only
for the protection of workers, but
also the public in general. signs
should conform with the standard
requirements of the OSHS:
SECTION 9:
Construction Safety Signages

1. usage of PPE (personal protective equipment)


2. falling objects
3. explosives and flammable substances
4. tripping or slipping hazards
5. toxic or irritant airborne contaminants/substances
6. electrical facility
7. dangerous moving parts of machines
8. fire alarms/fire fighting
9. instructional signs/update of man-hours lost
SECTION 11:
Construction Safety and Health Committee
Each site shall have a construction
safety and health committee
composed of the following
personnel.

Project Manager or his


representative as the chairperson.
RAMIREZ, Raymond Rob
SECTION 11:
Construction Safety and Health Committee

General Construction Safety and Health Officer

Construction Safety and Health Officers

Safety representatives from each subcontractor


SECTION 11:
Construction Safety and Health Committee

Doctors, Nurses and Other health personnel

Workers Representative
Authority and Duties of the Construction
Safety and Health Committee

A. C.

D.
B.
Authority and Duties of the Construction
Safety and Health Committee

G.
E. F.

H.

I.
SECTION 12:
Safety and Health Information
General Safety And Health Measures
SECTION 12:
Safety and Health Information
General Safety And Health Measures
DAILY TOOLBOX MEETING
Benefits of TBM
• It addresses actual safety and health
concerns on the job or in the site
• It provides good opportunity for
supervisors to know the mental and
physical conditions of workers
• It also provides good opportunity for
management to communicate its
commitment to safety
• It contributes to the training and education
of workers
• It prevents the recurrence of previous
accidents
• It is a proven technique in inculcating safe
work habit
DAILY TOOLBOX MEETING
WHEN?
WHERE?
WHO?
Usually the supervisor,
foreman or lead-man (the
project manager, safety
officer, nurse may serve as
guests).
SECTION 13:
Construction Safety And Health Training
General Safety And Health Measures

Minimum of 16 hours per year.


SECTION 13:
Construction Safety And Health Training
Specialized Instruction And Training

• Operation of construction equipment


• Erection or dismantling of scaffolds
• Excavation works
• Handling of explosives
• Workers engaged in pile-driving
• Compressed air, cofferdams, and caissons
• Erection of steel structural frames and tall chimneys
• Handling hazardous substance and materials
• Rigging and signaling
SECTION 14:
Construction Safety And Health Reports

The monthly submission of summary reports to DOLE is required.


SECTION 15:
Construction Worker Skills

A skills certificate shall be required for


construction related occupation which have
been classified as “Critical Occupations” by
TESDA.
SECTION 15:
Construction Worker Skills

TESDA shall:
• establish national skills standards for critical construction
occupations
• prepare guidelines on skills testing and certification
• accredit construction sector organizations in the area of skill
training and trade testing
• extend relevant assistance to construction sector organizations
SECTION 16:
Workers Welfare Facilities

The employer shall provide for adequate supply of safe drinking


water, adequate sanitary and washing facilities in order to ensure
humane conditions of work.
SECTION 17:
Cost Of Construction Safety Health
Program

The total cost of the Construction Safety and Health Program Shall
be a mandatory integral part of the construction project.
SECTION 20:
Effectivity

The Guidelines shall be immediately effective, that


is, 15 days after publication in newspapers of
general circulation, as provided in Article 5 of the
Labor Code.
GALLARDO, Ronissa Ann A.
MISTULA, Loverney R.
RAMIREZ, Raymond Robie F.

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