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HOOK

ABSTRACT
• Lifting mechanism for carrying loads includes hook as the base structure. Traditional
techniques used for designing hooks results into overdesigned structure.
• Base design and analysis of hook done using FEA and experimental stress analysis
techniques. Concept hook design achieved using CAD (CATIA) software. Optimization
will be achieved through FEA package like Ansys/ Optistruct/ Hypermesh.
• Strain gauging installed at high strain location for measuring strain to quantify then
within Elastic/yield limit. Machining/EDM used for achieving optimized hook model
dimensions. Comparative analysis done between FEA and experimental stress analysis
results. Conclusion and future scope suggested.
INTRODUCTION
• Crane hooks are highly liable components and are always subjected to
failure due to accumulation of large amount of stresses which can
eventually lead to its failure.
• The structure strength is the important characteristic to respond the load
bearing capability of the elevating equipment.
• In order to reduce the structure failure in the crane hook, induced stresses
are analyzed. Fatigue damage is the initiation of crack due to fluctuating
loads.
LITERATURE SURVEY
• Structural and Model Analysis of Dual HooModel : This Project
involves in modeling and analysis of a simple Dual HooModel. Modeling
was done by using advanced design software CREO.
• Design and Analysis of Crane Hook with Different Material : The
design of the hook is done by analytical method and design is done for the
different materials like forged steel and high tensile steel.
LITERATURE SURVEY
• Stress Analysis of Crane Hook with Different Cross Section Using
Finite Element Method : In this analysis the material properties of hook
kept constant throughout the analysis and stress is to be reduced by
varying different geometric parameters.
• Material Handling Equipment : Material handling (MH) involves
“short-distance movement that usually takes place within the confines of a
building such as a plant or a warehouse and between a building and a
transportation agency.”
LITERATURE SURVEY
• Design and Analysis of Crane Hook with Different Material : tThe
design of the hook is done by analytical method and design is done for the
different materials like forged steel and high tensile steel.
• Operational Guide for Lifting Devices : Operational Guide is permissive
and advisory only and not mandatory.
PROBLEM STATEMENT
• Lifting mechanism for carrying loads includes hook as the base structure.
Traditional techniques used for designing hooks results into overdesigned
structure.
• Base design and analysis of hook done using FEA and experimental stress
analysis techniques.
OBJECTIVES
• To achieve optimized design having less mass as compared to traditional design.
• CAD modeling of existing Model using CATIA.
• Finite Element Discretization using Ansys applying loads at boundary conditions
• Experimental stress analysis of Model using Strain gauging & lifting load
applied through UTM
• Comparative analysis between FEA & Experimental results.
METHODOLOGY
CATIA MODEL
ANALYSIS

Meshing Von Mises Stress


ANALYSIS

Total Deformation Maximum Principal Stress


ANALYSIS

Original Life Safety Factor


TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION

Topology Optimization Topology Optimization Density


TOPOLOGY OPTIMIZATION

Topology Density Topology Optimization Model


ANALYSIS

Mesh Optimized Equivalent Stress


ANALYSIS

Optimized Deformation Optimized Maximum Principal Stress


ANALYSIS

Optimized Life Optimized Safety Factor


RESULT
SR.NO. CHARACTERISTICS HOOK JOINT HOOK JOINT AFETR
OPTIMIZATION
1. Von-Mises Stress (MPa) 48.354 58.071

2. Deformation (mm) 0.12798 0.14792

3. Maximum Principal Stress (MPa) 49.294 58.918

4. Maximum Principal Strain 0.00024 0.00029

From the Analysis results it is clear that the hook joint after
optimization is better to use than the original hook joint.
REFERENCES
• [1]B.Suneel, B. Phani Shankar “Structural And Model Analysis Of Dual Hook Joint” International Journal of Science,
Engineering and Technology Research (IJSETR), Volume 4, Issue 10, October 2015
• [2] Patel Ravin B, Patel Bhakti K., Patel Priyesh M, Patel Dixit H. ( All B.E students) ,Patel hirak s.( assistant
professor) Department of mechanical engineering “Design And Analysis Of Crane Hook With Different Material”
ISSN:2319-7900
• [3] Sayyedkasim Ali1, Harish Kumar2, Shishir Agrawal3, Milin Kumar Rajurkar4 “Stress Analysis of Crane Hook with
Different Cross Section Using Finite Element Method” International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR) ISSN
(Online): 2319-7064 Index Copernicus Value (2013): 6.14 | Impact Factor (2013): 4.438
• [4] Sandeep Kumar Shah1, Prof. Ashish Kumar Shrivastava2 “A Review On Study Of Crane Hook Design”
International Journal Of Recent Technology Science & Management ISSN: 2455-9679
• [5] “Operational Guide for Lifting Devices” Prepared by The Crane Manufacturers Association of America, Inc.
• [6] “Material Handling Equipment” Michael G. Kay Fitts Dept. of Industrial and Systems Engineering North Carolina
State University.