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CONTENTS

 INODUCTION
 LITERATUTRE REVIEW
 OBJECTIVES
 FINAL DESIGN AND ASSEMBLY OF PARTS
 MATERIALS USED AND PROPERTIES
 ANALYSIS OF MODEL
 FABRICATION PROCESS
 COST ESTIMATION
 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE
 MERITS AND DEMERITS
 APPLICATIONS
 CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE
 REFERENCES
INTRODUCTION
 Water plays an essential part in human life, be it for drinking , agriculture,
industries.

 Most of the source of water is river, lakes, underground water. But this has
to be stored for later usage purposes.

 In a country like India 70% of occupation is dependent on agriculture ,


which needs water for growth and cultivation of crops .

 So most of the farming methods needs to store water and supply it to farm
lands whenever required . The supply of water is done through pumps.
 The pumps used are run on electricity without which it doesn’t
function , and supply of electricity is a major problem in the country.
Which in turn effects the agriculture.
 This problem can be eradicated by use of pendulum based water
pump which provides alleviation of work, because it is enough to
move the pendulum occasionally with a little finger to pump the
water, instead of large swings. Using the minimum of human
strength in comparison to present classic hand water pumps enables
efficient application in irrigation of smaller lots, pump water from
water-wells.
LITERATURE REVIEW
 Vandana Publications

They developed “Hand Water Pump with a Pendulum” The pump is


made of pendulum, two-leg lever and cylinder with the piston which
pumps the water. Oscillation of the pendulum is maintained by
periodical action of the human arm. Oscillation period of the
pendulum is twice bigger than the period of the lever oscillation.
Piston of the pump has reverse effect on the lever and damps its
oscillation.
Hand Water Pump with a Pendulum
 Anurag Anand, Devanshu Jhakal, Rahul Sharma, Rupesh
Deshbhratar

This project presentation shows the importance of a pendulum


pump which can be used as a supplementary device for pumping
water and is made to replace hand pumps. To get the water running
out of the pump, the pendulum needs to be out of balance. After that,
based on gravitational potential, the piston starts oscillating and the
continuous stream of water is coming out of the output pipe.
Pendulum Pump
 Rony K Placid , Steffin George Sam , Amal R

This paper discusses the importance of a pendulum pump which can


be used as a supplementary device for pumping water and is made to
replace hand pumps. One important feature of a pump with a
pendulum is that the work is alleviated or in simple terms it makes
work rather easier when is compared with a traditional hand water
pump. By the use of pendulum based water pumping system we can
increase the efficiency of the plant and reduce the effort, cost of
production, production time, manpower requirement.
 Kali Charan Rath, Pradip Kumar Samanta , Deepak Kumar
Kanhara

This paper was published as a brief study on “A BRIEF STUDY ON


PENDULUM BASED PUMP “. This paper delt with the generation of
energy by using pendulum motion . The concept of that pendulum
motion has been implemented in our project.
OBJECTIVES
 The main objective is less man power.
 It can be installed rapidly at any place.
 The availability of the building materials for the pumps in
rural community.
 It is exclusive for rural areas where the water scarcity is very
high.
 It can be operated by any aged people and physically
challenged people.
 The capacity of the pump (i.e. the size of community for
which the pump can provide water).
 It is very economical to fabricate.
 The maintenance cost of the pump is less.
WORKING PROCESS FLOW CHART
Final Design and Assembly of the parts
Tool used Unigraphics NX - 10

1. BODY

2. LEVER
3. FLYWHEEL

4. LATCH
5. PUMP ROD

6. CYLINDER
7. SPRING 8. KING PIN
Final Assembly- 3D Model

Tool used Unigraphics NX - 10


Final Assembly Line Drawing

2D view 3D View
Drafting of Model
Materials used and properties
Frame -- Mild steel
 1 Inch Square cross section.
 55 rupees per kilogram.
 Tensile strength – 370 Mpa.
 Modulus of elasicity – 205 Gpa.
 Height of frame – 3.2 Feet.
 Base length of frame – 4 Feet.
 Top length of frame – 1 Feet.
 Width of frame – 1.5 Feet.
Welding Method used
 Arc Welding
 Consumable Electrode – Mild steel
 It’s a simple process.
 Weld joint is very strong and stiff so it can take good
amount of load.
 Conventional welding method.
ANALYSIS OF MODEL
Tool used Ansys 17

•ANALYSIS OF LEVER

Total Deformation Total Stress


• ANALYSIS OF TOP PART

Total Deformation Total Stress


OUTPUT PERFORMANCE OF PUMP

0.07
AVERAGE DISCHARGE (Litre/sec)

0.06
0.06
0.051
0.05

0.04 0.0356
0.0319
0.0264
0.03

0.02

0.01

0
330 400 520 580 660
SUCTION HEAD(mm)
Fabrication of Triangular Frame

Triangular Frame Length of Frame

Length of Head Part Height of Frame


COST ESTIMATION
ADVANTAGES
 It uses the minimum of human strength in comparison to
present classic hand water pumps.
 In comparison to the hand pumps the energy required to initiate
the pumping process is significantly less for the pendulum
pump.
 It requires less water consumption.
 Since maintaining the oscillation of the pendulum does not
request any special training or dexterity, both parts of the pump
can be used to draw fluid from the source.
 Compact size, easy to relocate, less moving parts, hence less
maintenance cost
LIMITATIONS

 Less efficiency when compared to other device.


 Air leakage can affect the entire working of the whole
unit.
APPLICATIONS

 Drainage: Used to control the level of water in a protected


area.
 Irrigation: Used in small irrigation wells.
 Petroleum Industry: Used in every phase of processing of
petroleum, its transportation, and separation of the impurities.
 Steel Mills: Cooling water in steel mills can be transported
using a pendulum pump.
CONCLUSION AND FUTURE SCOPE
Conclusion
 On increasing the suction head, discharge of the given
pendulum system decreases.
 On increasing the mass of pendulum, discharge of the
given pendulum system increases.
 On increasing the angle of swing, the discharge of the
given pendulum system increases.
 It was concluded that human effort is considerably
reduced while pumping water by a pendulum operated
pump compared to a regular pump.
Future Scope
 It can be used where the shortage of power or electricity is a
major issue.
 From experimentation it can be concluded that the system is
practically feasible.
 Implementing a pendulum pump setup which uses gravitational
force only, leads to large amount of energy conservation
 This system is more efficient, considering the minimum efforts
required.
REFERENCES
 Vandana Publications
 Anurag Anand, Devanshu Jhakal, Rahul Sharma, Rupesh
Deshbhratar
 Rony K Placid, Steffin George Sam, Amal R
 Kali Charan Rath, Pradip Kumar Samanta , Deepak Kumar Kanhara
 Design and fabrication of water pump using “ SCOTCH YOKE
MECHANISM”
 “Two-Stage Oscillator Mechanism For Operating a
Reciprocating Pump” by Nikhade ,G.R Patil, R.U amd
Bansal, S.P , Asian Journal of Science and Technology
Vol.4,Issue 08, pp.037-041,August,2013.
 Lever – H D Ramachandra
THANK YOU