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Chevron El Segundo’s

Power Outage Recovery

& Tarry Drum Mitigation
Justine Arnold, Coker Process Engineer
Mahdi Khademi, Senior Coker Process Engineer
Angel Negrete, Coker Head Operator

© 2017 Chevron Corporation

Discussion Topics Key Messages
 Power Dip Overview  Chevron El Segundo Refinery’s experienced a lightning strike that resulted in a power
dip and subsequent SRU power outage.
 Coker Impact
 In response to the lightning strike, Coker Operations was able to effectively mitigate
 Tarry Drum Mitigation three potentially tarry drums without a safety or environmental event.

Desired Outcomes
Share Chevron’s effective response to the loss of several key pieces of equipment and three potentially tarry
drums following our Best Practices.

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 2

Lightning Strike

• On January 31st, a lightning strike fell on a power pole within the Chevron El
Segundo Refinery’s Sulfur Acid Division.
– The strike resulted in a power dip at several substations throughout the
refinery with a complete power outage at the sulfur units.
– In addition to the temporary loss of power to several units within the refinery,
all units were required to begin cutting back feed immediately to address the
SRU power outage, including the Coker.

January 31, 2019 January 31, 2019 January 31, 2019

10:18AM 10:19AM 10:37AM
Lightning strike lands SRU power lost Coker begins
on CVX ESE All upstream units bypassing modules
Refinery power pole begin cutting feed to minimize H2S

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 3

Lightning Strike

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 4

Coker Posture Prior to Lightning


Feeding Preheating Feeding Feeding

Cutting Cooling
11.5 hrs 7.5 hrs 3.5 hrs

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 5

Coker Impacts

Power Dip Power Outage

• Loss of all electric pumps • A + B modules circulating oil

Feed • C module superheated
Overhead accumulator steam stripping (oil
HC/H2O removed)
HCGO pumparound
Jet/Diesel draws • Low steam header pressure
150#  30#
• Loss of furnace induced 850#  340#
draft fan
Furnace trip to natural
draft  elevated CO and
reduced transfer

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 6

Recovery Priorities
1.Furnace • Avoid loss
charge of flow
pumps case

Fractionator • Keep overhead

overhead online to avoid
system flaring

• Minimize fuel gas

Furnace to reduce risk of
CO’s explosive

HGO P/A • Avoid loss

of flow and
system plugging

Distillation • Manage
product column

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 7

Notes :
1. If tarry drum situation is suspected for multiple drums, the superheated steam procedure should be started with the drum feeding the least amount of time. It is okay to
execute superheated procedure on two modules simultaneously, if fractionator and overhead cooling/sour water handling can accommodate.

Tarry Drum Procedure

2. Never re-introduce feed to a drum that has been bypassed. This will result in a foaming drum.
3. Do not allow more than 30 minutes of below coking temperature resid in the coke drum.
4. Monitor coke drum inlet temperature, it should only be 10-15 F below furnace outlet temperature, slightly greater delta T can be seen if inlet TI has coke build up.

Furnace Outlets< 850 F

< 5 hours in cycle 5-9 hours in the cycle > 9 hours in the cycle

The adjacent drum

Yes No Yes preheat is started No
Furnace outlet can be (Expect ~300 F drum skin
corrected in 30 minutes temperature) and the
furnace outlet
temperature can be
corrected within 45
Pull feed from the Decrease feed rate to Pull feed from the Bypass the module
furnace, open pass minimum. furnace, open pass Decrease the feed rate (maintain furnace flow
velocity steam and When furnace outlet is velocity steam and to minimum, Switch at min. feed), start
start superheated back to normal, start superheated the feed to adjacent steam preheat the
steam procedure for at Restore feed rate. steam procedure for at drum, Watch for adjacent drum
least 8 hours. See least 8 hours. See foaming when
Section 1.3 for Section 1.3 for temperature is Increase steam strip
Superheated Steam Superheated Steam restored time to 1.5 hours.
procedure. procedure. Quench per normal
Increase steam strip procedure
time to 1.5 hours.
Quench per normal

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 8

Handling Tarry Drums

Feeding Time  11.5 hours

Time Below 850F  10 minutes

Recommended Path Forward  If feed available, switch feed to adjacent

drum and increase steam strip to 1.5 hours

Actual Path Forward  Steam strip for 4 hours

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Handling Tarry Drums

Feeding Time  7.5 hours

Time Below 850F  21 minutes

Recommended Path Forward  If feed available, return to normal transfer

temperature and continue feeding

Actual Path Forward  Steam strip for 9 hours

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Handling Tarry Drums

Feeding Time  3.5 hours

Time Below 850F  42 minutes

Recommended Path Forward  Superheated steam strip for minimum 8


Actual Path Forward  Superheated steam strip for 10 hours

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 11

Superheated Steam Strip

• Steam is superheated to a tube metallurgical limit across all 4 passes while the
switch valve is open to E drum for a total of 10 hours
– Comparable to our online spalling method

• Once feed was reintroduced to F-501C several days later, start of run furnace
skin temperatures matched those of a spall or decoke.

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 12


Successes Challenges

• All pumps and fans safely • HGO pumparound and

returned to service rundown coke fines
• Reboiler plugging
• No hot spots or blowbacks • HGO stripper level
during drum cuts controller plugging

• No step changes in • Furnace pass flow

furnace skin temperatures plugging
or fouling rates following
incident • Debutanizer loss of heat
input resulting in LPG
• No foamovers resulting in odors in off-test tankage
vapor line dP

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 13


© 2016 Chevron Corporation 14

HGO Stripper Level Controller

© 2016 Chevron Corporation 15


© 2016 Chevron Corporation 16


2/1/19 12:30A 2/2/19 7:00P 2/9/19 7:00P

One Module Two Modules Three Modules

• No jet, diesel • Pulling on- • Both crude

or LCGO make spec naphtha units online
• Pulling off- and jet to and on-spec
spec naphtha downstream • Pulling all
and HCGO units sidecuts on-
• Waiting on • Downstream spec with
crude units for delays at exception of
more resid diesel and gas diesel
• Waiting on oil (hydrotreater
refinery for hydrotreaters unavailable)
more steam • Holding on two
and hydrogen modules until
crude unit fully

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