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IP Planning in CBSS System

(BSC6680)

www.huawei.com

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Chapter 1 Basic Knowledge

Chapter 2 Protocol Stack

Chapter 3 IP Address in CBSS

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TCP/IP Protocol Stack

Application HTTP, Telnet, FTP, Provide application program


layer TFTP, Ping, etc for network interfaces

Network TCP/UDP Establish terminal to


layer terminal connection

Interconnection ICMP
IP Addressing and
layer
route selecting
ARP RARP
Data-link
Ethernet, IEEE802.3, Physical media access
Layer
PPP, HDLC, FR, etc

Physica Interfaces and


Binary data flow transmission
l Layer wires/cables

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Encapsulation
When an application sends data using TCP, the data is sent down the
protocol stack, through each layer, until it is sent as a stream of bits
across the network. Each layer adds information to the data by
prepending headers (and sometimes adding trailer information) to the
data that it receives.

This picture shows the process. The unit of


data that TCP sends to IP is called a TCP
segment. The unit of data that IP sends to
the network interface is called an IP
datagram. The stream of bits that flows
across the Ethernet is called a Ethernet
frame.

We could draw a nearly


identical picture for UDP data.
The only changes are that the
unit of information that UDP
passes to IP is called a UDP
datagram, and the size of the
UDP header is 8 bytes

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Ethernet Frame Structure 6-byte Destination MAC
address
Ethernet 6-byte Source MAC address
14-Byte
2-byte length
Ethernet header
Frame
4-bit version :Now is IPV4
20-Byte IP 4-bit header length
header (If no 8-bit type of service (TOS)

options) 16-bit total length (in bytes)


16-bit Identification :For IP fragment Purpose
20-Byte TCP
header or 8-bit 3-bit flag

UDP header 13-bit fragment offset


8 bit Time To Live (TTL)
Payload 8-bit protocol (1: I C M P, 2: I G M P,6: TCP, 1 7: UDP
4-Byte Ethernet )
16-bit header checksum
Tail (CRC)
32-bit source IP address
32-bit destination IP address
Options (If any)

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IP Fragmentation
On an Ethernet the maximum
amount of data in a frame is 1500
Ethernet 14-Byte bytes which leaves 1472 bytes for
Ethernet header our data (assuming 20 bytes for the
Frame
IP header and 8 bytes for the UDP
20-Byte IP header).
header (If no 46~1500 Bytes
options)
20-Byte TCP
header or 8-bit
UDP header
Payload
4-Byte Ethernet
Tail

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MAC/Physical Address & MAC Frame

24 bits 24 bits

Vender Serial Number

00-E0-FC-01-23-45

 MAC is identification of equipment. It is commonly fixed by hardware.


 MAC address is composed of 48 bits. The vendor ID of Huawei
products is 0x00E0FC.
 0xFFFFFFFFFFFF is broadcast MAC address.

MAC Frame

Destination MAC Source MAC Payload CRC

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ARP( Address Resolution Protocol)
Host 1 Host 2 Host 3
IP:10.0.0.1/24 IP:10.0.0.2/24 IP:10.0.0.3/24
MAC:00-E0-FC-00-00- MAC:00-E0-FC-00-00- MAC:00-E0-FC-00-00-
10 11 12

I want to send a I received an ARP I received an


packet to 10.0.0.3, request from ARP request
so I must send ARP 10.0.0.1. It wants from 10.0.0.1. It
ARP Request

Content: Hi
request to get MAC 10.0.0.3 .I am to get MAC wants to get my
address of this 10.0.0.1 .I want address of MAC address .I
host. to get your 10.0.0.3. Since this must reply it.
MAC address is not my address,
I will ignore it.

ARP Request ARP Request ARP Request ARP Request


LAN:
ARP Reply
Content: Hi 10.0.0.1 .This is my
MAC address 00-E0-FC-00-00-12

ARP Request is broadcast message. ARP Reply is mono-cast Message.

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IP Address & Subnet Mask
 IP address identifies a host in the network. The length of IP address is 4
Bytes. Usually, IP address is presented in this way: 129.12.3.4.
 IP address must be configured with a mask.
 Mask defines how many bits in IP address is used to define network or
subnet address.

IP Address Network ID Host ID

IP address 172.100.30.12 Network ID 172.100.0.0


Mask 255.255.0.0 (24)
Binary

Question:
1) 192.168.0.100/

Decimal
255.255.255.248 and
192.168.0.200/
10101100. 01100100. 00011110.00001100 255.255.255.248 can
communicate directly?
11111111. 11111111. 00000000.00000000
2) What about
AND

80.8.213.6/255.254.0.0 and
80.9.117.153/255.254.0.0?

10101100. 01100100. 00000000.00000000

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Special IP Address

Network ID Host ID Address type Use


Any Completely“0 Network address Representing a network
” Segment
Any Completely“1 Broadcast address All the nodes of a specially
” designated network segment
127 any Loop back address Loop test
Completely“0” Any networks Huawei Quidway router used
to Designate default routes
Completely“1” Broadcast address All nodes of
Local network segment

Question:
Who know how many IP address are reserved for private IP
address?

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Why do we plan subnet?

 Because of broadcast messages, the service quality will decrease when


the number of hosts increases in the network.
 When the network is divided into several subnets, the unnecessary
communication can be avoided.
Network ID:192.168.0.0
There are too many Subnet Mask:255.255.254.0
broadcast messages in Broadcast IP:192.168.1.255
the network. We have to Available IP range:
192.168.0.1~192.168.1.254
separate into two subnets.
Network ID:192.168.1.0
Network ID:192.168.0.0 Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0
Subnet Mask:255.255.255.0 Broadcast IP:192.168.1.255
Broadcast IP:192.168.0.255 Available IP range:
Available IP range: 192.168.1.1~192.168.1.254
192.168.0.1~192.168.0.254

Router

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How to plan a subnet?
 Reduce the number of bits occupied for host address. And these additional bits
can be used to define subnet.
 The number of subnets will increase with the increase of the bits used to define
subnet. At the same time, the number of hosts in the subnet will decrease.

IP Address 80.9.130.1/15 Network ID 80.8.0.0


Subnet Mask 255.254.0.0

Decimal
Binary

01010000. 00001000. 00000000.00000000

IP Address 01010000. 00001001. 10000010.00000001 And


Operation
Subnet Mask 11111111. 11111110. 00000000.00000000

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An Example of Subnet Planning
 The IP addresses of Class B in the network segment 191.38.0.0/16 are allocated to
Company A. The company can plan the subnet for each department in the company.
 The company consists of 35 departments, and the host number of each department
ranges between 100 to 800.
 First, we shall define how many bits could be occupied by Host ID. In this case , the
number of hosts are less than 1000. So, 10 bits are enough to be reserved for Host ID.
And the number of available Hosts are 2^10 - 2= 1022>1000.
 The remaining bits could be used for Network ID now. In this case, 6 bits remains. So
the number of subnets are 2^6 = 64, and the subnet mask is: 255.255.252.0.
 To summarize, each department now occupies a network segment as below.

Department ID Subnet ID Network Segment


0 191.38.0.0 191.38.0.1~191.38.3.254
1 191.38.4.0 191.38.4.1~191.38.7.254 Any simple way
2 191.38.8.0 191.38.8.1~191.38.11.254 to finish this?
….. …… ……
63 191.38.252.0 191.38.252.1~191.38.255.254

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Router and its Function
 Routers are used for network interconnection.
 Routers must have:
 Two interfaces or more
 Protocols reaching network layer at least
 Storing, forwarding and routing function
 Routers core function is to implement network interconnection
 Forward packets
 Route (routing): create, refresh and search routing table
 Rate match between networks
 Isolate network, prevent network storm, designate access rule (firewall)
 Interconnect dissimilar network
 Routing is shown as below:

Destination Subnet Subnet Mask Next Hop Address


0.0.0.0 0.0.0.0 10.0.0.1
100.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 20.0.0.1
200.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 30.0.0.1

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IP Message Transmit in Router

00-E0-FC-00-00-64
192.12.3.64
10.12.3.27 192.12.3.52
Interface A Interface B
00-E0-FC-00-00-23 00-E0-FC-00-00-64
IP Packet IP Packet
00-E0-FC-00-00-23 00-E0-FC-00-00-32
192.12.3.64 192.12.3.64

Host A Host B

10.12.3.64 192.12.3.64
Check the route table found:
00-E0-FC-00-00-11 00-E0-FC-00-00-32
192.12.3.0 255.255.255.0 10.12.3.27

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NAT

Question: How does Private IP access internet?


1. Even if we can configure outgoing route for the private IP address, but there is no
return route for it in internet, so private IP address cannot access internet by route
configuration. How does Private IP access internet?
2. NAT function can implement below translation:
<Private address+Port>←→<Public address+Port>.
Then the private IP address can access internet.

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Dynamic Routing 8-bit command (1-6)
8-bit version (1)
RIP (Routing Information Protocol ) 16-bit all 0

20 bytes IP 16-bit address family(2)


RIP is a distance-vector protocol.
header 16-bit all 0
The term distance-vector means the
32-bit IP address
messages sent by RIP contain a 8 bytes UDP
vector of distances (hop counts). Each header 32-bit all 0
router updates its routing table based 32-bit all 0
on the vector of these distances that it RIP message 32-bit metric (1-16)
receives from its neighbors.
Up to 24more routes, with same
format as previous 20 bytes
OSPF (Open Shortest Path First )
OSPF is a newer alternative to RIP. OSPF is a link-state protocol, In a link-state protocol
a router does not exchange distances with its neighbors. Instead each router actively
tests the status of its link to each of its neighbors, sends this information to its other
neighbors, which then propagate it throughout the autonomous system. Each router
takes this link-state information and builds a complete routing table.
Besides being a link-state protocol instead of a distance-vector protocol, OSPF has many
other features that make it superior to RIP. With most router vendors supporting OSPF, it
will start replacing RIP in many networks.

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VRRP (Virtual Router Redundancy Protocol)

Use VRRP is
more safe

N
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Chapter 1 Basic Knowledge

Chapter 2 Protocol Stack

Chapter 3 IP Address in CBSS

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CDMA2000 1X Protocol Stack

Air Abis Sig. Abis Sig. A1 A1p A7 A7/A3 Sig. A3 Sig. A9 A11

L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig.
TCP TCP SCCP SCCP TCP SCTP TCP UDP
LAC IPC
IP IP MTP3 M3UA IP IP IP IP
MAC /SUA
AAL5 MTP2 SCTP AAL5 AAL5
Link Layer Link Layer Ethernet Ethernet
ATM MTP1 IP ATM ATM
Phys. Layer E1/SDH0 E1/FE E1/SDH0 Phys. Layer E1/SDH0 E1/SDH0 E1/SDH0 GE SDH0/FE

Air Abis Traffic Abis Traffic A2 A2p A5 A3 Traffic A3 Traffic A8 A10

User Traffic User Traffic User Traffic Voice Voice Circuit User Traffic User Traffic Data Data
Frame Frame Frame Frame Frame Switch Data Frame Frame Packet Packet

UDP ISLP UDP GRE


AAL2 PCM/UDI UDP PCM/UDI UoIP IP
IP IP
MAC ATM IPv4 AAL2
Link Layer Ethernet Ethernet
Link Layer ATM

Phys. Layer E1/SDH0 E1/FE E1/SDH0 Phys. Layer E1/SDH0 E1/FE E1/SDH0 GE SDH0/FE

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CDMA2000 1X EVDO Protocol Stack
Air Abis Sig. Abis Sig. A9 A11 A12 A13 A16

Application Layer L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig. L3 Sig.


Stream Layer TCP TCP UDP UDP TCP/UDP UDP
Session
IP IP IPC IP IP IP IP
Connection
AAL5
Security Link Layer Ethernet Ethernet Ethernet Link Layer Link Layer
MAC ATM
E1/SDH0 E1/FE GE SDH0/FE SDH0 E1/FE E1/FE
/SDH0 /SDH0

Air Abis Traffic Abis Traffic A8 A10


User Traffic User Traffic User Traffic Data Packet Data Packet
Frame Frame Frame
RLP
UDP GRE
Stream Layer
Session IP UoIP IP
Connection AAL2
Security Ethernet Ethernet
Link Layer
ATM
MAC
E1/SDH0 E1/FE GE SDH0/FE

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Chapter 1 Basic Knowledge

Chapter 2 Protocol Stack

Chapter 3 IP Address in CBSS

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IP plan of Abis interface (ATM)

B
80.146.16.192
A B
S B
M C
C C
I K
U
M M
O AEUB
/AOUB OMU
80.0.0.255/
NetMask S
255.0.0.0 P 80.126.130.116 129.8.192.8
U
O
129.11.95.254 O&M Link
80.144.16.64 80.170.19.64
Signaling Link

ATM Link
About BTS OM link:
BSCside 80.0.0.255-----129.8.192.8 BTS side
ADD BTSOMLNK, BSC will auto assign BTS OM IP on BTS side, you may use LST BTSLNK to query it. When ADD BTS,
we need input this IP,
About BTS Signaling link:
BSCside 80.144.16.64-----80.126.130.116 BTS side
ADD BRD(SPUO subsystem), BSC will auto assign SPUO IP, this is the BTS signaling IP on BSC side, you may use LST
SUBSYSTEM to query it.
ADD BTSSIGLNK, BSC will auto assign BTS SIG IP on BTS side, you may use LST BTSLNK to query it.
When ADD CBTSTERSIGLNK, we need input these “bscip” and “btsip”.
About BTS Traffic link:
QC51BCIM supports ATMEXCLUSIVE only, each QC51BCIM must configure a traffic link;
QC52BCIM supports ATMSHARED and ATMEXCLUSIVE traffic link, we may configure a traffic link for multi CCPM ;
QC54BCIM supports ATMSHARED, ATMEXCLUSIVE and IPSHARED traffic link.

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IP plan of Abis interface 80.146.16.192
Board IP

(PPP/MLPPP or FE Link) B
172.126.0.2
A S
172.126.0.1
M C B
1. Compared with ATM link, 4 more IP added, U C
O K
they are BSC Abis interface board IP, BCIM 168.126.0.1 168.126.0.2 B
/PEUB M
IP, PPP/MLPPP link local IP & peer IP. C
/POUB I
80.0.0.255 /FG1B OMU
M
2. BSC side: /NetMask /FG2B
S
ADD BRD(PEUB/POUB/FG1B/FG2B), we 255.0.0.0 P
need configure BSC Abis interface board IP U
manually. ADD PPPLNK/ADD MLPPP link, we O PPP link IP 80.126.130.116 129.8.192.8
need configure local IP & peer IP manually; or FE port
129.11.95.254 IP
ADD ETHLNK, we need configure BSC Abis 80.170.19.64
80.144.16.64 O&M Link
interface board ethernet port IP manually.
ADD BTSOMLNK, ADD BTSSIGLNK, we need
Signaling Link
input “BCIM IP” and PPP/MLPPP link number
(or Ethernet port of Abis interface board on PPP/MLPPP or FE Link
BSC side)

3. BTS side:
ADD CBTSTERSIGLNK, we need input “PEER IP”, this is BSC Abis interface IP 80.x.x.x.
For FE link, currently we SHOULD configure below parameters on BTS locally (through telnet).
SET CBTSBCIMIP: BTSID=2, BRDID=0, BRDIP=“172.126.0.2”
ADD CBTSFEPORT: BTSID=2, BRDID=0, PORTID=0, PORTIP=“168.126.0.2”,
ADD CBTSIPROUTE: BTSID=2, BRDID=0, DESTIP=“172.126.0.1", ROUTETP=FE, GWIP=“168.126.0.1”;
Here, DestIP is Abis interface board IP 172126.0.1 we configured when we add the Abis interface board, GWIP is BCIM FE port IP.
SET CBTSOAMIP: BTSID=2, OAMIP=“129.8.192.8", BAMIP=“80.0.0.255", GATEWAYIP="129.11.95.254",
PEERIP="168.6.0.1";
Here, the gatewayip is no meaning actually, it can be any IP in the same segment with BTS OMIP, PEERIP is Abis interface IP
172126.0.1 we configured when we add the Abis interface board.
4. ADD BTS command is same with ATM
5. ADD CBTSTERSIGLNK, we need input BSC Abis interface board IP
6. USE ADD CBTSIPTERTRFLNK to configure terrestrial traffic link ( instead of ADD CBTSTERSIGLNK in ATM),
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O&M IP between BSC6680 and BTS

IP Address Description
IP address of the 80.a.b.c & 129.j.k.254
Abis interface The values a, b, and c are determined by the type, subrack number, and slot number of the interface
board board, they are automatically generated by the system.

IP address used 129.m.n.l


for BTS O&M The variant m is related to the subrack number and the slot number of the interface board of the
BTS. The variant n is related to the number of the BTS and the slot number of the interface board
of the BTS. The variant l is related to the number of the BTS.
The variants m, n, and l are automatically generated by the system.

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Signaling IP between BSC6680 and BTS
80.126.0.0

BTS 80.126.f.l

BTS 80.126.f.l SPUO


80.126.f.l TCP/IP 80.144.a.b
BTS
BSC6680
BTS 80.126.f.l

IP Address Description
IP address of 80.144.a.b
the SPUO The subnet mask is 255.0.0.0.
subsystem The variant a is related to the number of the subrack where the SPUO subsystem is located.
The variant b is related to the number of the slot where the SPUO subsystem is located.
IP address of 80.126/127.f.l ,
the BTS for The subnet mask is 255.0.0.0.
signaling The variant f is equal to the highest five bits of the BTS number.
transmission The variant l is equal to the lowest eight bits of the BTS number.
The signaling IP address of the BTS that is configured on the second SPUO subsystems is
80.127.f.l.

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IP plan of A1pA2p interface (PPP/MLPPP Link)

The BSC is connected to the router through E1 and the


router is connected to the UMG through the FE port

BSC ROUTER UMG MSCe


10.10.10.10
FG1Aa/
FG2Aa

PPP:9.9.9.9 PPP:9.9.9.8 FE:7.7.7.8 FE:7.7.7.7

ON BSC, we need configure route to UMG and MSCe:


Destination IP Gateway Priority
7.7.7.7 The corresponding PPP/MLPPP None
10.10.10.10 The corresponding PPP/MLPPP None

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IP plan of A1pA2p interface
(FE/GE Link, BSC connect to UMG directly)

BSC MGW CSoft3000


Active Active Active Remarks:
FG1Aa Board Board
Different colors mean
Different network segment.
the Subnet Mask
can be 255.255.255.252
BSC MGW CSoft3000 FG1Aa can use 1 GE port or
Standby Standby Standby 4 FE ports.
FG1Aa Board Board
If N pair FG1Aa boards are
configured in BSC,
N*4 “/30” network segment will
No IP are configured for Standby be required.
interface board FE/GE ports, just set
the ports to UP state.

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IP plan of A1pA2p interface (FE/GE Link)
(BSC load sharing, UMG active/standby, they connected via lanswitch)
VLAN 1:8.8.8.x/28
8.8.8.x/28
LSW1 Active GE interface
VLAN 2:172.2.1.x/28
172.2.1.x/28 VLAN 3:172.3.1.x/28 VLAN100: UMG:7.7.7.7
7.7.7.3
VLAN 4:172.4.1.x/28 Standby GE interface
172.3.1.x/28

Enable VRPP between two LSWs and


172.4.1.x/28
the virtual IP address 7.7.7.8 of the
VRRP serves as the gateway of the
BSC FG1Aa UMG.
VLAN200:
172.1.2.x/28 VLAN 6:172.3.2.x/28 7.7.7.4 Active FE interface
VLAN 7:172.4.2.x/28
172.2.2.x/28 CSoft3000:8.8.8.8
VLAN 8:172.3.2.x/28
LSW2 Standby FE interface
172.3.2.x/28
VLAN 5:8.8.8.x/28 GE for UMG
8.8.8.x/28
FE for signaling
FE for traffic

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IP plan of A10/A11/A12 interface (FE/GE Link)
(BSC load sharing, PDSN active/standby, they connected via lanswitch)
VLAN 1:8.8.8.x/28
8.8.8.x/28
LSW1 Active GE interface
VLAN 2:172.2.1.x/28
172.2.1.x/28 VLAN 3:172.3.1.x/28 VLAN100: PDSN:7.7.7.7
7.7.7.3
VLAN 4:172.4.1.x/28 Standby GE interface
172.3.1.x/28

Enable VRPP between two LSWs and


172.4.1.x/28
the virtual IP address 7.7.7.8 of the
VRRP serves as the gateway of the
BSC FG1Xa UMG.
VLAN200:
172.1.2.x/28 VLAN 6:172.3.2.x/28 7.7.7.4 Active FE interface
VLAN 7:172.4.2.x/28
172.2.2.x/28 ANAAA:8.8.8.8
VLAN 8:172.3.2.x/28
LSW2 Standby FE interface
172.3.2.x/28
VLAN 5:8.8.8.x/28 GE for PDSN
8.8.8.x/28
FE for ANAAA
FE for PDSN

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IP plan of A3/A7/A13/A16 interface (FE/GE Link)
(BSC interface board active/standby)

BSC3

IP Network

BSC IP:
Router 1 Router 2
VRRP 192.168.0.3

FE/GE FE/GE

BSC1 F F BSC IP:


G G 192.168.0.1
Active 1 1 Standby
B B

BSC2 F F BSC IP:


G G 192.168.0.2
Active 1 1 Standby
B B

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IP Address for O & M
WS WS WS
M2000 This subnet is involved in operation
Server and maintenance system. All
A1.A2.A3.A4/B A1.A2.A3.A4/B A1.A2.A3.A4/B A1.A2.A3.A4/B equipment in LAN must be in the same
IP segment .The operator shall plan its
A1.A2.A3.A4/B A1.A2.A3.A4/B
IP address by itself. Private or public
BAM 0 BAM 1 IP address can be used.
80.0.0.255/8 80.0.0.252/8

CMPS CSPS This subnet realizes the


S S interconnection between the BAM/EWS
C C and BSC, and between BSC boards.
80.130.16.192/8 U U 80.130.24.192/8
O O Every IP address is fixed. It occupies
a a
80.0.0.0/8 network segment.

Abis Othe Othe Abis


80.x.x.x/8 boar r r boar 80.x.x.x/8
d boar boar d
d d

This subnet realizes BTS OM link.


BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS BTS Every IP address is fixed. It occupies
(OMU (OMU (OMU (OMU (OMU (OMU
) ) ) ) ) ) 129.0.0.0/8 network segment.
129.m.n.l/8 129.m.n.l/8

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IP Address Requirement is BSC(1)
Parameter Remarks
BSC IP 1. When A3A7 interface is ATM, neighbour IP must be in the same
segment;
2. After BScV200R003, the BSC IP is not necessary in the same
segment with PCF IP.
PCF IP 1. PCF IP is a logical IP. More than one PCF can be configured in
one BSC.
2. After BScV200R003, the BSC IP is not necessary in the same
segment with PCF IP.
3. PCF IP and PCF interface board port IP cannot be in the same
segment
Logic IP (board IP) of FG1B/FG2B When Abis interface is IP over FE, Logical IP of Abis interface Board
must use public IP.
Logic IP (board IP) of BCIM (IP over FE)  
FE/GE A interface board (FG1A/FG2A) Ethernet1. Different Ethernet port IP on one board must be in different
port IP network segment, It's better that all ethernet ports on all boards are
FE/GE A10/A11 interface board in different segment.
(FG1B/FG2B/FG1X/FG2X/GOUX) Ethernet port IP 2. Min. required network segment No.=Ethernet ports used on each
board, Max. required network segment No. =All ethernet ports used
FE/GE A3/A7 interface board (FG1B/FG2B) on all board
Ethernet port IP
FE/GE Abis interface board (FG1B/FG2B)
Ethernet port IP
FE port IP of BCIM(IP over FE)  
PPP/MLPPP link IP for PEUA Because there is no logical IP of A interface board after
BSCV200R002, this PPP local end IP must be configured in MSCe,
so it is visible outside BSC and need be planned.

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IP Address Requirement is CBSS(2)
Parameter Remarks
O&M IP  
Virtual external IP of BAM/EWS Communicate with M2000 and LMT
LMT n
M2000 server IP
M2000 Dial Access Server
M2000 client n
BTS OM IP Occupy 129.x.x.x segment. System distribute automatically 。 This
segment can not be the same as other inter network of BSC 。
BTS signaling IP Occupy 80.x.x.x segment 。 System distribute automatically 。 This
segment can not be the same as other inter network of BSC 。
Logic IP (board IP) of Abis interface board When Abis adopts IP over E1, logical IP of PEUB/POUB is visible in
PEUB/POUB(IP over E1) BSC and BTS only.
Logic IP (board IP) of BCIM board (IP over E1) When Abis adopts IP over E1, logical IP of BCIM is visible in BSC and
BTS only.
PPP/MLPPP link IP of Abis interface and A3/A7 1. Local IP and peer IP of PPP/MLPPP link can be in different segment;
interface 2. Local IP and peer IP of different PPP/MLPPP link must be different.
3. When Abis/A3A7 adopts IP over E1, PPP/ML PPP link is visible in
BSC and BTS only.
Virtual internal IP of BAM/EWS  

Remarks: Yellow field means must negotiated with operator, green field means may use private IP

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