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BOYLE’S LAW

Learning objective:

 Investigatethe relationship between


volume and pressure of a gas at
constant temperature.
The relationship between
the volume and pressure
of gases at constant
temperature was first
stated by Robert Boyle
during 16 century.
th
The volume of a gas is
inversely proportional to
its pressure at constant
temperature.
TRIAL VOLUME (cm³) MASS (g) PRESSURE (N/m²)

1 19cm³ 147.5g 4603N/m²

2 17cm³ 442.5g 13,694N/m²

3 15cm³ 737.5g 22,993N/m²


Sulfurgas inside a 3.0L gas
container has a pressure of 1.8
atm. Provided that the
temperature remains constant,
how much pressure is needed
to reduce its volume by ½?
𝑽𝟏 𝑷𝟏 = 𝑽𝟐 𝑷𝟐
GIVEN:
 𝑽𝟏 = 4.0 liter The volume of a gas
 𝑽𝟐 = 2.0 liter = 1/2 is inversely proportional
 𝑷𝟏 = 1.5atm to each other at constant
 𝑷𝟐 = ? temperature and vice versa.
𝑷𝟐 = 𝑽𝟏 𝑷𝟏
𝑽𝟐
𝑷𝟐 = 4.0L x 1.5atm
2.0L The volume decreases
𝑷𝟐 = 3.0atm the pressure increases
A scuba diver needs a diving tank
in order to provide breathing gas
while he is underwater. How much
pressure is needed for 6.00 liters of
gas at 2.4 atmospheric pressure to
be compressed in a 2.00 liter
cylinder tank?
A sample of fluorine gas
occupies a volume of 300ml at
1520 torr. Given that the
temperature remains the same,
calculate the pressure required
to reduce its volume by 50%.
The inflated balloon that slipped from
the hand of Dalia has a volume of 0.50 L
at sea level (1.0atm) and it reached a
height of approximately 8km where the
atmospheric pressure is approximately
0.33 atm. Assuming that the
temperature is constant, compute for
the final volume of the balloon.
Sulfur gas confined in a 1.8 L
gas tank has a pressure of
0.75atm. At what volume would
its pressure be increased by 1/3?
Even if the temperature remains
the same.
A helium balloon has a volume
of 4.2ml at 1170 torr. Calculate
the pressure required to
increase its volume by ½.
Provided that the temperature
remains constant.
How much pressure is
needed for 2.0L of gas at
2.20 atmospheric pressure
to be kept in a 7.75L tank?
If100ml of hydrogen gas
was collected at 760mmhg,
what is the new volume of
gas when the barometer
reads 720mmhg at constant
temperature?
Thank You!
Charles Law
The volume-temperature
relationship in gases (k=V/T)
was first determined by and
named after Jacques
Charles.
Charles law states that
at constant pressure,
the volume of a gas is
directly proportional to
its temperature.
70

60

50

40

T 30

20

10

0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90

V
An inflated balloon with a volume of
0.75 L at 30°C was placed inside the
freezer where the temperature is -
10°C. Find out what will happen to
the volume of the balloon if the
pressure remains constant.
A cylinder with a movable piston
contains 250 cm³ air at 10°C. if
the pressure is kept constant, at
what temperature would you
expect the volume to be 150 cm³?
A container contains 2.3 L of He
gas at 25°C. What will be the
volume of the tank after heating it
and its content to 40°C
temperature at constant pressure?
At 20°C, the volume of chlorine
gas is 15 dm³. Compute for the
resulting volume if the
temperature is adjusted to 318K
provided that the pressure remains
the same.
If 100ml of Hydrogen gas was
collected at 760 mmHg, what is the
new volume of gas when the
barometer reads 745 mmHg at this
same temperature?
The volume of a gas is
10 liters when its pressure is
one atmosphere. How much
pressure must be applied to
reduce its volume to 5 liters at
the same temperature?
Nitrogen gas has a volume of 5
liters at 30°C. What will be its
volume in ml if the pressure is
changed from 1.5 to 4.5
atmospheres keeping the
temperature constant at 30°C?
Suppose there are
10 liters of a gas at 20°C. If
the pressure does not
change, what will be the
volume of a gas at 0°C?
A gas sample measures
600ml at 30°C. At what
temperature will its volume
be reduced to half?
The volume of a gas sample is
100ml when the temperature is
27°C. What will be the volume of
the gas at 37°C if the barometer
reading remains the same?
A gas sample has a volume of
300ml at 27°C. What volume
will it occupy at 10°C?
Gay-Lussac’s Law
The person who is credited
with the determination of the
temperature-pressure
relationship in gases at
constant volume is Joseph
Louis Gay-Lussac.
The pressure of a gas is
directly proportional to its
temperature.
The pressure of a Nitrogen
gas inside a rigid container is
1.5 atmosphere at 30 °C. What
will be the resulting pressure if
the tank is cooled to -12 °C?
A certain light bulb containing
argon has a pressure of 1.20 atm
at 18 °C. If it will be heated to 85
°C at constant volume, what will
be the resulting pressure? Is it
enough to cause sudden
breakage of the bulb?
At20 °C a confined ammonia
gas has a pressure of 2.50 atm.
At what temperature would its
pressure be equal to 760
mmhg?
The helium tank has a pressure
of 650 torr at 25 °C. What will
be the pressure if the
temperature is tripled?
 A sampleof denatured alcohol gas is placed in a 10mL beaker
and vaporized by heating to 100 °C at 1900 mmHg. The vapor
weighs 5.0 g. Calculate the number of moles of the denatured
alcohol.
The hydrogen tank manufacturer
used to produce 250mL hydrogen
tank at 2000psi and -25 °C.
Statistics suggest that the 0.75L
oxygen tank at 1500 psi more
marketable. What temperature
requirement is needed to produce a
0.75L hydrogen tank at 1500psi?