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Dry type transformers Zaragoza

Our product

© ABB Group 2009


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Index -

What is a dry transformer? Vacuum cast range


ABB general applications Standard technical features
Zaragoza’s competitive edges Short facts about the vacuum cast coil technology
Types and standards Environmental, climatic & fire classes
Cast coil transformers for special Vibration proof
applications
Environmental classes E2 & one step forward: E2+
Vacuum cast coil strong points
Features switching off endurance test
A revolutionary concept
Standard accessories
Main advantages
Temperature control devices and sensors
The most economical
Special accessories
The product basic range
Furthermore, any option is available
See our advantages

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
What is a dry transformer?

 ABB manufactures a transformer which does not


use any kind of liquid for cooling, it has windings
encapsulated under Vacuum, in epoxy resin
reinforced with glass net.
 It is the most technologically advanced design
for extreme conditions.
 ABB has flexibility to produce transformers for
optimum space utilization, and special
requirements.
 These transformers meet strict parameters with
respect to electrical system demands, are
virtually maintenance free and are manufactured
in accordance with industry and international
standards including, IEC 60076-11, ISO 9001
and ISO 14001.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
ABB general applications
Marine Application Hydro automation & electrical systems
HVDC light / Windpark Utility Network
Compact Substations (CSS) Connection Plant Automation & Electrical Systems communication Management

MV Switchgear
Transformers Railway Power
(GIS / AIS) Gas-insulated GIS Substations
Switchgear (GIS) Supply
Rural Electrification (162/3 Hz)
Industrial Electrification Automation of Gas Urban Electrification
AIS Substations
and Water Plants &
Networks

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Zaragoza’s competitive edges

 Most advanced production  The deepest experience in the


technologies to guarantee the design to guarantee the best
best product quality. technical solutions in all
applications.
 The most demanding quality
control system to guarantee the  Present all over the world to
total reliability of the product. guarantee the best after sales
service.
 Probably the largest production
center for dry type transformers in  ISO 9001, ISO 14001 and UNE-
Europe. EN ISO/IEC 17025 certifications.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Types and designs

 Types:
 Standard three phase transformer.
 Double High Voltage transformer.
 Multi winding transformer.
 Low Voltage transformer.
 Autotransformer.
 Drive systems transformers.
 Excitation systems transformers.

 Standard designs:
 High Voltage winding material: foil disks.
 Low Voltage winding material: aluminum/copper
foils.
 Insulation class: F, H.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Where we have experience

 Distribution applications.
 Traction systems.
 Rectifier system.
 Marine applications
(Propulsion & Distribution).
 Wind power applications.
 Cement industry.
 Steel plants.
 Oil & gas.
 Chemical & pharmaceutical.
 Metal & mining.
 Pulp & paper.
 Power plants & utilities.
 Airports.
 High rise buildings.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Vacuum cast coil strong points

Vacuum cast  Stronger resistance against short-circuit stress.


coil
transformers  Superior behaviour on load changes (thermal).
are according
to  Linear distribution of BIL.
International
 Highest possible security against cracks on coils.
standards.
 No silicone during coil manufacturing.
 Better performance under dynamic loads (mechanic).
 Better performance under severe ambiental conditions (exceeding E2).
 More suitability for extreme environmental conditions.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
A revolutionary concept

V alued points (ABB product)


A ll accesories available
C ertifications proving our quality
U nder vacuum benefits (Very low partial discharges)
U ndercut (New materials)
M aintenance free

C apable of withstanding all conditions (C2,E2+)


A ttractive appearance
S afety
T ailored solutions

C ontinuos improvements (> 52 kV level insulation)


O vervoltage transient design (> 20,000 on/off)
I mpulse lightening for high tensions (250 kV BIL)
L onger life (Class H)

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Main advantages: safe and environmental friendly

 Reduced environmental contamination.


 Zero risk of leakage of flammable
or contaminating substances.
 Environmental safe in production.
 Well suited to damp and contaminated areas.
 No fire hazard.
 Transformers are non flammable
and self-extinguishing.
 High resistance to short circuits.
 High capacity to support overloads.
 High performance in dealing with seismic
phenomenon.
 Capable of withstanding the most severe of
rolling and vibrating conditions.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Main advantages: Zaragoza´s product competitive
edges

 The lowest partial discharge value thanks to the most advanced casting
technology.
 The typical partial discharges is below 5pC (maximum allowed 10pC).
 Epoxy resin cast under vacuum avoids entry of moisture and protects against
aggressive environments.
 Unique coil finishing provides smooth surface eliminating dust accumulation.
 Self-extinguishing in the event of fire or arcing and no gases released with
potential danger.
 Step lap core configuration granting lower values of no load losses, no load
current and noise level.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Dry transformers versus oil transformers

The best alternative due to:  Suitable to operate in humid or heavily polluted
environments (E2).
 Fire hazard  Suitable for operation, transport and storage at
 Safety for people and property ambient temperatures down to minus 25 ºC (C2).
 Restricted flammability, self fire extinction (F1).
 Respect for natural life
 Emission of toxic substances and opacity of fumes
is minimized (F1).
 Partial discharges bellow 5 pC in average.
 Withstand the same impulse test even for exposed
situation.
 Have more ability to withstand thermal and dynamic
short circuit effects.
 Mechanically stronger, safer against vibrations,
earthquakes, etc..
 No liquid, neither leaks and no risk of polluting spills.

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 12
Our product
Dry transformers versus oil transformers

 Suitable to operate in humid or heavily polluted environments (E2).


 Suitable for operation, transport and storage at ambient temperatures down
to minus 25 ºC (C2).
 Restricted flammability, self fire extinction (F1).
 Emission of toxic substances and opacity of fumes is minimized (F1).
 Partial discharges bellow 5pC in average.
 Withstand the same impulse test even for exposed situation.
 Have more ability to withstand thermal and dynamic short circuit effects.
 Mechanically stronger, safer against vibrations, earthquakes, etc..
 No liquid, neither leaks and no risk of polluting spills.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
The most economical

 Less space needed.


 Less civil work needed.
 No special safety features required.
(fire detection)
 Maintenance free.
 Longer transformer life due to low thermal
and dialectic ageing.
 Can be installed closer to the point of
consumption
reducing load cable losses.
 Optimal design subject to constant
improvements in design as new materials
become available.
 Produced in high throughput, specialised and
efficient ABB factories.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
The product basic range

 From 250 kVA up to 40 MVA.


 High voltage: up to 72.5 kV.
 Low voltage: up to 36 kV.
 Classes: E2, C2, F1.
 Partial discharges: <10 pC.
 Ambient design: From -25 ºC up to 60 ºC.
 Insulation: 155ºC (F), 180 ºC (class H).
 Cooling: AN, ANAF (up to +40%), AFWF.
 Enclosure protection degree: From IP00 up
to IP54.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Vacuum cast range

Small cast coil Dry SPT hi-T Plus

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Standard technical features – Small cast coil

 Standards IEC EN 60076-11, CENELEC HD 464, DIN 42563


 Rated power up to 3,15 MVA
 Rated voltage up to 36kV
 Cooling AN
 Protection degree IP00
 High voltage winding Encapsulated, Aluminium foil
 Low voltage winding Prepreg layer between turns, Aluminium full width
 Temperature rise 100K
 Insulation system temperature 155 ºC (Class F)
 Partial discharges < 10 pC

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 17
Our product
Standard technical features – Dry SPT

 Standards IEC EN 60076-11, CENELEC HD 464, DIN 42563


 Rated power up to 40 MVA
 Rated voltage up to 72.5 kV
 Cooling AN
 Protection degree IP00
 High voltage winding Encapsulated, Aluminium
 Low voltage winding Encapsulated, Aluminium
 Temperature rise 100K
 Insulation system temperature 155 ºC (Class F)
 Partial discharges < 10 pC

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 18
Our product
hi-T Plus Standard technical features

 Standards IEC EN 60076-11, CENELEC HD 464, DIN 42563


 Rated power up to 3.15 MVA
 Rated voltage up to 24kV
 Cooling AN
 Protection degree IP00
 High voltage winding Aluminium
 Low voltage winding Prepreg layer between turns, Aluminium full width Aluminium
 Temperature rise 100K
 Insulation system temperature 180 ºC (Class H)
 Partial discharges < 10 pC

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Short facts about the vacuum cast coil technology

100% turns 0% turns

90%

Low Voltage winding

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Environmental, climatic and fire classes

Environment
 E0 Normal indoor installation, no condensation, no considerable pollution.
 E1 Limited pollution, occasional condensation eg off circuit periods.
 E2  Heavy pollution, frequent condensation.

Climate
 C1 Lower ambient temperatures:
 Operation -5 °C
 Storage and transport -25 °C

 C2  Lower ambient temperatures:


 Operation -25 ºC/-25 ºC
 Storage and transport

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 21
Our product
Environmental, climatic & fire classes

Fire
 F0 No special requirements except typical characteristics for dry type transformers.
 F1  Increase demands.
 All material practically free of halogens
 Limited formation of fumes
 Limited contribution with calorific energy to the source of fire
 Self extinguishing transformer fire

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Environmental, climatic & fire classes
Transformer
Zaragoza’s vacuum cast coil dry type transformers
inside the
humidity were certified for several tests by KEMA high
chamber with voltage laboratory.
saline
fog, before
environmental
test  Tests such as:
performance.
 Dielectric routine rests.
 Thermal shock tests for class C2
transformers.
 Lightning impulse tests.
Environmental tests with additional
specifications for class E2 (E2++) transformers.

All these tests were according to IEC 60076-11


Standard plus additional requests.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Vibration proof

 The vibration to which the transformer is


exposed to during its lifetime, was
summarized in an acceleration spectrum
with the simulation of its life cycle loads.

 Multi-axis vibration tests, and shock tests


were performed as per IEC 68-2-6/59,
German edition EN 60068 parts 2-6 and 2-
59 as well as particular customer’s
requirements.

 Extreme accelerations due to handling or


harsh vibration were also considered in
these tests.

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 24
Our product
Environmental classes E2 & one step forward: E2+

 E2 test is necessary when the transformer is going to be placed where frequent condensation or/and
heavy pollution.

 Condensation test:
 6 or more hours in the test chamber (condensation & humidity above 93%).
 After 6 hours, the transformer is tested with induced voltage during 15 minutes at 1.1 times
the rated power.
 Humidity penetration test:
 144 hours inside the climatic chamber with air temperature at 50  3 ºC & relative humidity
at (90  5)%.
 After 3 hours in ambient conditions the transformer shall be subjected to routine insulation
test at 80% of standard values.

 During any voltage application will not be approved neither breakdown nor flashover or any serious
tracking.

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Environmental classes E2 & one step forward: E2+

Scope of supply:
3140 kVA,
Primary: 33000 V
Secundary: 1000-
400 V
Dyn5
Sn: 87074

 E2+ (Plus): In condensation test, water conductivity is kept at 1,5 S/m, and dielectric tests
are carried out as for neutral isolated system.
 Step one: After 6 hours in condensation chamber, with water conductivity 1,5 S/m passed dielectric
tests at 1.1 rated voltage, between line terminals and ground.
 Step two: After 144 hours in climatic chamber passed routine dielectric tests at 80% of standard test
values.

Qualified to perform in the most severe environmental conditions


© ABB Group 2009
| Slide 26
Our product
Features switching off endurance test

 After 20.000 switching off operations at full nap load voltage, the
transformer does not show any increase of partial discharges, neither
along the winding to the ground, partial discharges remained constant
along the test what means that the transformer has not suffered any
significant loss of life.
 Our transformers are in good conditions very similar to a new one,
and can be put in operation in a network which has the same
conditions and capacity between the switchgear and transformer in a
test circuit.

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 27
Our product
Standard accessories

9 1Terminal stip
1 2 Temperature
sensors
8
3 Earthing
Terminals
2
4 Pulling eyes
5 Wheels
6 Fans (option)
7 Tappings / Off
load tap changer
8 Lifting lugs
7 9 Rating Plate

3 4 5

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Temperature control device and sensors

TMD-T4 and
TMD-T4S T- 154 NT- 935 T- 119

Pt100 PTC 130-150 ºC

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Special accessories

Enclosures

Hydrocoolers
Anti vibrations devices On load
tap changer
(OLTC)

Earthing switch Surge arrester for HV and LV Plug in bushings Earthing bullet

© ABB Group 2009


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Our product
Special accessories

Fans for forced


Space heaters air cooling Current transformers

Electrostatic screen

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 31
Our product
Furthermore, any option is available

 Conductor material: aluminium / copper.


 Low Voltage terminals located at the bottom of transformer.
 Impregnated high voltage winding.
 Encapsulated Low Voltage.
 Delta connection encapsulated.
 Plug-in connector.
 Dual primary / secondary.
 6/12/24 pulse rectifying transformer.
 Bus bar flanges can be accommodated.

© ABB Group 2009


| Slide 32
Our product
Main advantages

Possibility to install any Step-lap configurate Aluminium foil disk in


kind of accesories High Voltage winding

Lowest partial discharge (>5 pC) High impulse withstand


due to epoxy resin casted under through foil-disk
vacuum winding
(horizontal process)

Unique coil finishing:


Smooth surface that
Dust / pollution resistance eliminates dust
thanks to the sealed technology acumulation

High capacity to
withstand overloads
Self- extinguish
due to high thermal
innertia
Axial short-circuit
forces retained & hight Bidirectional wheels
short circuit withstand Radial short
circuit forces retained

© ABB Group 2009


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© ABB Group 2009
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