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Singular and Plural Nouns

Read.
•The Philippines is our
country.
• There are many countries
in the world
• There are three big islands in
our country.
• A sea surrounds an islands.

• Our country has many


beautiful tourist spots.
• Many tourists visit ourcountry
to see the beautiful spots.
Singular Plural
country countries
island islands
tourist tourists
When do we say a
word is singular?
plural?
• A singular noun refers to
only one person, sor thing.

•A plural noun refers to


more than one person,
place or thing.
Do you still remember
how some nouns form
their plural?
Nouns are changed to their
plural form in many ways.
Read and study the following
reminders.
1. Most nouns form their
plural by adding –s to
the singular noun.
Examples: river-rivers
2. Some nouns ending in s,
sh, ch, x or z form their plural
by adding –es to the singular
nouns.
Examples: church-churches
brush-brushes
grass-grasses
tax-taxes
3. Nouns ending in y and
with a vowel before it form
their plural by adding –s.
Examples: key-keys
toy-toys
day-days
4. Nouns ending in y and
and with a consonant before
it form their plural by
changing y to i and adding –
es.
Examples: family-families
lady-ladies
5. Some nouns ending in f or
fe form their plural by
changing f to v and adding
-es.
Examples: leaf-leaves
knife-knives
6. Other nouns ending in f
and fe form their plural by
simply adding –s.
Examples: chief-chiefs
roof-roofs
proof-proofs
brief-briefs
7. Some nouns ending in o
with a consonant before it
form their plural by adding
–es.
Examples: hero-heroes
mango-mangoes
8. Other nouns ending in o
by a vowel form their plural
by adding -s .
Examples: zoo-zoos
zero-zeros
piano-pianos
kilo-kilos
9. Some nouns form their
plural by changing the
spelling of the singular
noun.
Examples: man-men
child-children
tooth-teeth
goose-geese
ox-oxen
Exercise 1
Give the plural form of the
following nouns.
1. Valley _______________
2. Tax _______________
3. Half _______________
4. potato ______________
5. baby _______________
6. dwarf _______________
7. self _______________
8. foot _______________
9. dish _______________
10. grass _______________
Exercise2
Fill in the blank with the
correct plural noun of the
word in parentheses.
(key) 1. I lost the _______
of the cabinet.
(story) 2. I enjoy reading
______.
(leaf) 3. The ________ fell
in the water.
(churh) 4. The ________ are
filled with people on
Sundays.
(grass) 5. The mountain is
covered with tall _______.
(volcano)6. There are _____
in different parts of the
country.
(dish) 7. They washed the
_______ with hot water.
(mountains) 8. Wild birds
and animals live in the ____.
(fox) 9. _______ are not
common in our country.
(quiz) 10. The teacher gives
everyday.
(box) 11. There are three
_____ of clothes for the
typhoon victims.
(officer)12. They will be
distributed by the ______ of
the “ Samahan ng mga
Kabataan”.
(child) 13. There were also
toys for the _______.
(mango) 14. The people
served them ______ and
native suman for the snacks.
(bus) 15. They rode in two
_____ on their way home.