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Fold Related

Fractures
Fold-Related Fractures, Pm Ls

Phosphoria Ls, Black Canyon Anti., WY


Nelson (1985)
Fracture Patterns on Folds

From Price
(1966, 1967)
Courtesy of
Pergamon Press
Schematic of Fractures on Folds

Courtesy of D.W. Stearns


Tectonic Fold-Related Fractures

Stearns (1972), Courtesy of Cambridge


Air Force Lab
Stearns & Friedman (1972) Type I & II Fold-Related Fractures

Schlumberger (1987)
Stearns & Friedman (1972) Type III Fold-Related Fractures

Schlumberger (1987)
Fold-Related Fractues

Paleozoic Carbonate, W. Wyoming Thrust Belt


Tectonic Shear Fractures on a Fold Flank in
Nugget Ss Western Wyoming Thrust Belt

(Lens cap for scale)


Set 2 Fold-Related
Fractures at
Reservoir Spillway,
Northern Sawtooth
Range, W.
Montana
Tectonic Fold-Related Fractures, Backlimb, Nahanni Ls NWT

100 ft

Nelson (2001)
Fold-
Related
Fractures
1’s

Back-Limb
Leading-Edge
Anticline
2’s
100 ft
Miss. Ls near
Grand Cache,
Alberta
Nelson (2001)
A A’
1 Dip Domain

4 or More Dip B B’
Domains

Defining Dip Domains


for Fracture Rotation
Nelson (2006)
Fold Axis Rotating Fold-Related
Fractures
1-E
1-RL 1-LL Procedure
1. Create template
2-LL 2-RL 2. Define dip domains
3. Carefully define strike
2-E 2-E
3a-RL 3b-LL 3b-E 3b-RL 3a-LL
3a-E
and dip of fractures
3a-E
4. Rotate fractures in each
2-LL dip domain
2-RL
independently
5. Overlay template by
1-LL 1-RL
Fold Terminology 1-E lining up template axis
of Stearns (1968b)
with fold axis on
combined rotated data
(Lower Hemisphere Projection, Poles to Fracture Planes)
Nelson (2006)
Multi-Scale Tectonic Fracture Development in Ss
Sheep Mnt. Anticline, Big Horn Basin, Wyoming

10 ft

1 ft

Nelson (1985), Courtesy of SPE


Tectonic Fold-Related Fractures, Teton Anticline,
Montana

Trees are about 30 ft tall