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CE Utilization Calculation

Content

 CE Definition
 CE Ladder of DPDCH and E-DPDCH in RAX2 and
RAX2e
 CE usage in HSPA
 Getting Hardware Config using Moshell
 Calculating CE Utilisation using TrgAcc & TrigScan
Counters
 Calculating CE Utilisation using pdf Counter
 Summary

Ericsson Confidential 2 2009-07-28


CE Definition
 Channel Elements is measure of board capacity resources for handling of user
dedicated data channel and dedicated signaling channel
 Normalization of 1 CE:
• Downlink (DL): One AMR 12.2 kbps with SF=128
• Uplink (UL): One AMR 12.2 kbps with SF=64
 Net CE: Dedicated Channel (DCH) resources available in the system
 Gross CE: Resources available in the system including Dedicated Channel (DCH),
Common Channel (CCH) and Softer Handover
 UL and DL are on separate boards (TX Boards for DL and RAX Board for UL)

Uplink, RAX (R1) Uplink, RAX (R2e) Downlink, TX (R1/R2)


128 Nett CE (176 Gross) 228 Nett CE
16 Nett CE
Downlink, TX (R3)
Uplink, RAX (R2) 64 Nett (92 Gross) CE
32 Nett (64 Gross) CE 128 Nett (172 Gross) CE
64 Nett (96 Gross) CE 256 Nett (344 Gross) CE
128 Nett (176 Gross) CE
Downlink, HS-TX
128 Nett (172 Gross)
384 Nett (516 Gross)
Ericsson Confidential 3 2009-07-28
CE Ladder of RAX R2 - DPDCH

Ericsson Confidential 4 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of RAX R2 – E-DPDCH
(10 ms TTI)

Default : ROJ 119 2187/1, /2 and /3 only support this CE Ladder for E-DPDCH.
ROJ 119 2187/1 can handle up to 40, /2 up to 20 and /3 up to 10 E-DPDCH.

Optional : Change to the optional CE Ladder for E-DCH is done with SW feature FAJ 121
1157 “Channel Element Ladder for E-DCH with RAX R2”.

Ericsson Confidential 5 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of RAX R2e - DPDCH

Ericsson Confidential 6 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of RAX R2e – E-DCH

Only Supported with


2 ms TTI

Optional : Change to the improved CE Ladder for E-DCH is done with SW feature FAJ 121
1334 “Improved Channel Element Ladder for E-DCH”.

Ericsson Confidential 7 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of TX-R1/R2 - DPDCH

Ericsson Confidential 8 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of TX-R3 - DPDCH

Ericsson Confidential 9 2009-07-28


CE Ladder of HS-TX - DPDCH

Ericsson Confidential 10 2009-07-28


HSDPA CE USAGE

 HS-DSCH does not consume channel elements


 DL A-DCH does not consume channel elements from
normal SW licensed pool
 UL A-DCH consumes channel elements from normal
SW licensed pool and has to be considered in
calculations
 HSDPA 64/HS consumes 4 CE in UL per connection
 HSDPA 384/HS consumes 16 CE in UL per connection

Ericsson Confidential 11 2009-07-28


HSUPA CE USAGE

 E-DCH connections consume CEs from SW licensed


CE pool
 Certain amount of CEs is used for several bit rates
offered by E-DCH
 The resources for E-DCH are controlled by EUL
scheduler located in the RBS (not RNC)
 When EUL connection is accepted, each E-DCH user
has a minimum CE allocated to make it possible to
send non-scheduled data (e.g signaling and rate
request)

Ericsson Confidential 12 2009-07-28


HSUPA CE USAGE

 Additional CEs re-scheduling in the RBS

Ericsson Confidential 13 2009-07-28


Notes on HSDPA/EUL CE usage

 EUL can only be used by connections that use HS-


DSCH in the DL
 Not all HSDPA terminals/UEs are EUL capable

Ericsson Confidential 14 2009-07-28


How to Calculate CE Utilisation ?

TrigAcc & TrigSCAN Pdf Counter


Counter

Calculating CE Usage Calculating mean

Divide by HW Capacity Mean CE Utilization

CE Utilization

Ericsson Confidential 15 2009-07-28


Moshell Command to Get Installed
Boards

Ericsson Confidential 16 2009-07-28


Moshell Command to Get Hw and Sw
Active CE Capacity

Ericsson Confidential 17 2009-07-28


Statistic Measurements – TrigAcc & TrigSCAN
Counters
 Calculating CE Usage
Counter Used :
pmSumDlCredits/pmSumUlCredits (MO Class : Iublink, Type: TrigAcc)
Aggregate of total consumed RBS DL/UL credit measurements (in credits).

pmSamplesDlCredits/pmSamplesUlCredits (MO Class : Iublink, Type: TrigSCAN)


Number of samples in pmSumDlCredits (that is, pmSamplesDlCredits =pmSamplesDlCredits +1,
whenever pmSumDlCredits is to be updated).
Reset at each ROP period.

Formula : CE Usage = pmSumDlCredits / pmSamplesDlCredits (DL)


CE Usage = pmSumUlCredits / pmSamplesUlCredits (UL)

 Calculating CE Utilisation
Example:
HW installed 2 ROJ 119 2187/14 ( RAX R2e type) containing 128 CE
pmSumUlCredits = 136575
pmSamplesUlCredits = 900
Uplink CE Usage = 136575/900 = 151.75
CE Utilization = 151.75 / 256 = 59,28 %
Ericsson Confidential 18 2009-07-28
Statistic Measurements – pdf Counter

 If Hardware capacity is unknown, there’s another way to calculate CE Utilisation :


using pdf counter
 Counter Used : pmUlCredits (UL) / pmDlCredits (Dl)
[MO Class :Iublink)]

pmUlCredits:
The total consumed RBS UL credits, as a percentage. Stored in percentage,
according to the intervals below:
– [0] : 0 <= x < 25
– [1] : 25 <= x < 50
– [2] : 50 <= x < 60
– [3] : 60 <= x < 70
– [4] : 70 <= x < 75
– [5] : 75 <= x < 80
– [6] : 80 <= x < 85
– [7] : 85 <= x < 90
– [8] : 90 <= x < 95
– [9] : 95 <= x

Ericsson Confidential 19 2009-07-28


Statistic Measurements – pdf
Counters
pmUlCredits
[1] : 25 <= x < 50 %

[2] : 50 <= x < 60 %

[3] : 60 <= x < 70 %

[4] : 70 <= x < 75 %

[5] : 75 <= x < 80 %

[6] : 80 <= x < 85 %

[7] : 85 <= x < 90 %

[8] : 90 <= x < 95 %


[[0] : 0 <= x < 25 %

[9] : 95 <= x
Range

Mid Value

12.5% 37.5% 55.0% 65.0% 72.5% 77.5% 82.5% 87.5% 92.5% 97.5%
Samples
0 1 19 149 115 78 53 30 5 0

CE Utilzation mean = pmUlCreditsmean


= 0*12,5% + 1*37,5% + 19*55% + 149*65% + 115*72,5% + 78*77,5% + 53*82,5% + 30*87,5% + 5*92,5% +
_______________________________________________
0*97,5%

450
= 72.47%
Ericsson Confidential 20 2009-07-28
Comparison of Measurements (1)
CE Utilization

100.00%

90.00%

80.00%

70.00%

60.00%
Utilization (%)

Using Utilization Counter


50.00%
Using Sum/Samples Counter

40.00%

30.00%

20.00%

10.00%

0.00%
00

30

15

00

45

30

15

00

45

30

5
:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4
0:

3:

4:

5:

5:

6:

7:

8:

8:

9:
10

11

11

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14

14

15

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18

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20

20

21

22

23

23
Period (Hour)

Ericsson Confidential 21 2009-07-28


Comparison of Measurements (2)
CE Utilization

90.00%

80.00%

70.00%

60.00%
Utilization (%)

50.00%
Using Utilization Counter
Using Sum/Samples Counter
40.00%

30.00%

20.00%

10.00%

0.00%
00

30

15

00

45

30

15

00

45

30

5
:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4
0:

3:

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5:

5:

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23
Period (Hour)

Ericsson Confidential 22 2009-07-28


CE Utilization in Relation to
pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest
CE Utilization Vs pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest

100.00% 1400

90.00%

UlHwAdm=85 1200

80.00%

Count of pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest
1000
70.00%

60.00%
CE Utilization [%]

800

50.00%

600
40.00%

30.00%
400

20.00%

200
10.00%

0.00% 0
00

30

15

00

45

30

15

00

45

30

5
:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4

:3

:1

:0

:4
0:

3:

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Using Utilization Counter Using Sum/Samples Counter pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest

Ericsson Confidential 23 2009-07-28


CE Utilization in Relation to
pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest – Cont’d
Samples of [85%<=pmUlCredits<100%] Vs pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest

800 1400

700
1200

600

pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest
1000

500
pmUlCredits Samples

800

400

600

300

400
200

200
100

0 0
0:00
3:15
3:45
4:15
4:45
5:15
5:45
6:15
6:45
7:15
7:45
8:15
8:45
9:15
9:45
10:15
10:45
11:15
11:45
12:15
12:45
13:15
13:45
14:15
14:45
15:15
15:45
16:15
16:45
17:15
17:45
18:15
18:45
19:15
19:45
20:15
20:45
21:15
21:45
22:15
22:45
23:15
23:45
[7] : 85 <= x < 90 % [8] : 90 <= x < 95 % [9] : 95 <= x pmNoFailedRabEstAttemptLackUlHwBest

Ericsson Confidential 24 2009-07-28


Summary

1. There are two ways to measure CE utilisation :


Using TrigAcc & TrigSCAN Counter
– Calculating CE Usage and then divide by HW capacity to
get CE Utilization
– Calculating mean value to get mean CE utilization

Using pmUlCredits/pmDlCredits pdf counter


– Calculating mean value to get mean CE utilization

2. Pdf counter can show instantaneous CE usage in ranges


which can not be observed by TrigAcc & TrigScan counters

Ericsson Confidential 25 2009-07-28


References

 WCDMA Radio Capacity, Jun Jack Yong, N&TC/GSDC


Malaysia
 RBS 3000 Baseband Product Description,1/221 01-
FGC 101 811 Uen Rev S
 Channel Elements Dimensioning, Ante Tomljanovic

Ericsson Confidential 26 2009-07-28


Ericsson Confidential 27 2009-07-28