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2C 2I 1R
Pedagogical Approaches

Prepared/Discussed by:
JENNIFER A. DONEZA
MT II, FIMES
2C 2I 1R
The 5 Pedagogical
Approaches
What is Pedagogy?
What are Pedagogical
Approaches?
C-onstructivist Approach
C -ollaborative Approach

I -ntegrative Approach

I -nquiry-based Approach

R -eflective Approach
Constructivist Approach

- shows learners to be active


in the process of constructing
meaning and knowledge
rather than passively
receiving information.
Collaborative Approach

- requires learners to work


together towards a common
goal
Integrative Approach

- is a learning theory that


describes a movement
toward integrated lessons
helping students make
connection across curricula
Inquiry-Based Approach
- is an approach of acquiring
or obtaining information thru
investigation carried out by
the learners who are eager to
know the phenomena in
question.
Reflective Approach

- means looking at what the


teacher and learners do in
classroom, thinking about
why they do it, and analyzing
about it if it works
Activity
The
Constructivist
Approach
Constructivist Approach

- shows learners to be active


in the process of constructing
meaning and knowledge
rather than passively
receiving information.
Constructivist Approach

- it fosters critical thinking


and provides learners with a
learning environment that
helps them make connection
with their learning.
Constructivist Approach

- learners are the makers of


meaning and knowledge.
Constructivist Approach

- learners are the makers of


meaning and knowledge.
Types of Constructivist Approach

1. Thinking Skills Strategies


- it lets the learners develop
their own ideas, analyze
perspective, solve problems
and make their own
decisions.
Types of Constructivist Approach

2. Activity-Based Teaching
Strategies
- it is more on experiential
learning opportunities
Types of Constructivist Approach

3. Direct Instruction Strategies


- it is the quickest way of
learning because teachers
provide learning; students
model teacher’s words and
actions
Examples of Constructivist Approach
Activities
1. Experiments
2. Field Trips
3. Film Showing
4. Discussions
5. 3 As (Act Analyze Apply)
Ways on How to Assess Constructivist
Approach

1. Oral Discussions
2. KWLH Chart
3. Mid Maps
4. Pre - Testing
The
Collaborative
Approach
Collaborative Approach

- requires learners to work


together towards a common
goal
Collaborative Approach
- this type of learning has
been called in various names
like collective learning,
learning communities, peer
teaching, peer learning or
team learning
Collaborative Approach

- learners engage in a
common task in which each
individual depends on and is
accountable to each other.
Types of Collaborative Approach

1. Online-Collaborative
Teaching
- uses the internet for
assigning task or group work.
Types of Collaborative Approach
2. Jigsaw Method
- Learners work in a small
group and letting them
interact with other group to
gather small pieces of
information that would be
later combined to form more
information
Types of Collaborative Approach

3. Think-Pair-Share
- The teacher provide a
specific inquiry and let the
learner initiate the 3 stages
THINK-PAIR-SHARE
Types of Collaborative Approach

4. Integrated Process Approach


- the learners can involve their
community, other subjects,
books, any viewed or lustened
information that is related to the
topic given by the teacher
Types of Collaborative Approach

5. Peer Teaching
- Involves learners taking on a
teaching role in school setting
Examples of Peer Teaching

1. Reciprocal Teaching
2. Peer Tutoring
3. Cooperative Learning
Examples of Other Collaborative
Approach Activities

1. TAPPS( Think Aloud Pair


Problem Solving
2. Group Grid
The Integrative
Approach
Integrative Approach

- is a learning theory that


describes a movement
toward integrated lessons
helping students make
connection across curricula
Integrative Approach

- making connection with a


major, between curriculum ,
co-curriculum, or between
academic knowledge and
practice
Types of Integrative Approach

1. Educational Technology
- Uses technological tools like
medias, machine and
networking hardware
Types of Integrative Approach

2. Lecture Method
- An oral presentation by the
teacher that relays on factual
information. The learners role is
just to listen.
Types of Integrative Approach

3. Discussion Method
- Two-way communication
between the teacher and the
laerners.
Types of Integrative Approach

4. Buzz Group
- Larger groups are divided to
smaller groups and given 1 or
more topics to discuss.
Types of Integrative Approach

5. Brainstorming
- All information under the sun
from all the learners are
welcome as long as its related
to the given topic
Examples of Collaborative Approach
Activities
1. Demonstration
2. Socratic Method (Direct
Approach)
3. Computer Integration
4. Simulation Games
5. Graphic Organizer
The Inquiry-
Based
Approach
Inquiry-Based Approach
- is an approach of acquiring
or obtaining information thru
investigation carried out by
the learners who are eager to
know the phenomena in
question.
Inquiry-Based Approach

- new knowledge is used to


answer a question, develop
solution and support a
position or point of view
Inquiry-Based Approach
- it is used to engage learners
of all ages to learn by
exploration and discovery.
As learners investigate, they
build their understanding and
create meaning and new
knowledge on a certain
content/topic.
Types of Inquiry-Based Approach

1. Simulation
- Role plays, games, models
Types of Inquiry-Based Approach

2. Demonstration
- Concrete and visual way of
explaining the topic, (using
realia)
Types of Inquiry-Based Approach

3. Experiment
- Any activities which includes
scientific processes
Types of Inquiry-Based Approach

4. Field Study
- Allowing the learners to the
real setting wherein they can
experience a real time setting
the knowledge they can gain
on a real environment
Types of Inquiry-Based Approach

5. Project Work
Examples of Inquiry-Based Approach
Activities
1. Demonstration
2. Socratic Method (Direct
Approach)
3. Computer Integration
4. Simulation Games
5. Graphic Organizer
The Reflective
Approach
Reflective Approach

- means looking at what the


teacher and learners do in
classroom, thinking about
why they do it, and analyzing
about it if it works
Reflective Approach

- It is an approach wherein
teachers can reflect and
analyze their own teaching
practice and strategies.
Reflective Approach

- It is where the teachers can


consider alternative means as
tools when standard tools are
not available.
Types of Reflective Approach

1. Multimedia Presentation

2. Drill and practice

3. Mental Modelling
Startegies for Reflective Approach

1. 4 As

2. CBI

3. Mental Modelling
Ways on How to Assess Reflective
Approach

1. Diary Presentation
2. Paper writing
3. Reports
4. Journals