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# RECIRCULATING

HYDROELECTRIC
TURBINE

PROPOSED BY:
CHRISTIAN JEROME DAGAWIN
JOHN DANIEL GINO
JOHN VINCENT GUNDA
OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
• to be able to study the performance
parameters of the micro hydroelectric
turbine
• to understand the principles of impulse-
type turbines
• to be able to conduct hypothesis based on
theories
INTRODUCTION
• A Pelton turbine is an impulse or a constant
pressure water turbine
• Consists of a wheel called “Rotor” which
consists of a circular disc with number of spoon-
shaped buckets
• Water is converted into kinetic energy at
atmospheric pressure by means of a nozzle
• Converts the hydroelectric energy into
mechanical energy by means of the shaft
rotation
STATEMENT OF THE
PROBLEM
IDEAL ACTUAL
– We shall provide • This is, however
sustainability despite cannot determine where
having limited and when the parts will
resources break
– The runner should • Constant spray of the
rotate constantly as nozzle will cause
long as recirculating Oxidation from the parts,
water is fed through especially the buckets
the nozzle
WORKING PRINCIPLE
• Working principle of Pelton turbine is simple. When a
high speed water jet injected through a nozzle hits
buckets of Pelton wheel; it induces an impulsive force.
This force makes the turbine rotate. The rotating shaft
runs a generator and produces electricity.
PROCEDURE
• Building the body
-first, we cut the plexiglass that we will be
using as our casing into the desired dimensions
-glued then together by using a superglue.
-next, we drilled 9mm holes at the center of
each face of the box for the shaft to be inserted
later
Making the wheel and runner
-for the turbine’s buckets, we have decided in using
metal spoons
-Engineering plastic is the material that we used for
its runner
-we cut the spoons to a length of 4”, forming a V-
shaped edge. We then smoothen the edges using a
grinder. Next, we cut solid circular plastic to a thickness of
1.5”. After, we melt the end of the spoon into a temperature
hot enough to melt the plastic, creating a hole for the spoon
to stick.
• Attaching the shaft
-we attached long, thin metal shaft through the
center of the plexiglass and the wheel, bolted each sides
together and attaching two small ball bearings and welded
to a ¼” thick plate.
• The Dynamo
-for this, we have removed the Dynamo of a “hand
crank flashlight” and used it for the same purpose. In
order to connect this to the shaft, we have machined a
coupling, bolted to ensure it won’t move.
RESULTS AND DISCUSSION
Calculations:
Solving for Power Input/ Water Power, P
P = w*Q*h
Where:
W = density of water (9.81m/sec^2)
Q = Capacity of the pump 840 gal/hr or 8.8317x10^-4 m/sec