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philippine literature in the

postwar and contemporary


period
Postwar and Contemporary
Literature

Postwar and contemporary literature

 include all literary works written and published


in the Philippines from 1946.
 After World War II, the Philippines had to deal with
the economy and the need for rehabilitation and
reconstruction of infrastructures. There was political,
economic, and social confusion, as well asgreat
poverty, and these issues found their way into the
short stories and novels during that time

 During the postwar period, Filipino writers got


their inspiration from American teachers and
wereable to learn their techniques, which also
helped in mastering the English language
 Writerswrote fiction that focused on
courageous deeds as well as the sacrifices
and suffering in thelives of Filipinos. It was
also common for writers to write about the
experiences of the Filipino peopleunder the
Spanish and American rule and the
Japanese Occupation. Other subjects and
themes include:
religious faith
superstitions
fantasy
social problems
poverty
politics
nationalism
morality
Literary Works

 Philippineliterature flourished even more


during the postwar and contemporary period.
Writers wereable to produce short stories,
novels, essays, and poems that continue to be
read by Filipinos today.
Contemporary period

 The flowering of Philippine literature in the various


languages continue especially with the appearance of new
publications after the Martial Law years and the
resurgence of committed literature in the 1960s and the
1970s.
 Filipino writers continue to write poetry, short stories,
novellas, novels and essays whether these are socially
committed, gender/ethnic related or are personal in
intention or not.
THE
THEREBIRTH
REBIRTHOF
OFFREEDOM
FREEDOM
(1946-1970)
(1946-1970)
 The Americans returned in 1945. Filipinos
rejoiced and guerillas who fled to the
mountain
joined the liberating American Army.

 On July 4, 1946, the Philippines


regained is
freedom and the Filipino flag waved
joyously
alone. The chains were broken.
THE STATE OF LITERATURE
DURING THIS PERIOD

 The early post-liberation period was marked by


a
kind of “struggle of mind and spirit” posed by
the
sudden emancipation from the enemy, and the
wild desire to see print.
 1. HEART OF THE ISLANDS (1947) –a collection of poems by Manuel Viray
 • 2. PHILIPPINES CROSS SECTION (1950) –a collection of prose and poetry by Maximo
 Ramos and Florentino Valeros
 • 3. PROSE AND POEMS (1952) –by Nick Joaquin
 • 4. PHILIPPINE WRITING (1953) –by T.D. Agcaoili
 • 5. PHILIPPINE HAVEST –by Amador Daguio
 6. HORIZONS LEAST (1967) –a collection of works by the professors of UE, mostly in
 English (short stories, essays, research papers, poem and drama) by Artemio Patacsil
 and Silverio Baltazar
 The themes of most poems dealt with the usual love of nature, and of social and political
 problems. Toribia Maño’s poems showed deep emotional intensity
 7. WHO SPOKE OF COURAGE IN HIS SLEEP –by NVM Gonzales
 • 8. SPEAK NOT, SPEAK ALSO –by Conrado V. Pedroche
 9. Other poets were Toribia Maño and Edith L. Tiempo, Jose Garcia Villa’s HAVE COME,
 AM HERE won acclaim both here and abroad