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Pressure Transient

Analysis Course

Jakarta – December 2016


Engineering Department

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Introduction

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Introduction

Source:
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Introduction (Static Data Required)

Source:
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Test Categories

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Flow Regime

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Derivative

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Bourdet Derivative
The Bourdet derivative is an alternative way to calculate and smooth the derivative based on a log
cycle fraction. To calculate the Bourdet derivative at any given point, one point before and one
point after that point is used. Using these points, the Bourdet derivative is defined as follows:

Using this definition DX represents the log cycle fraction used to control the amount of
smoothing. Note this value is typically quite small (0.01 to 0.2) and a small increase represents a
significant increase in smoothing.
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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Buildup Test Analysis

Middle Time

Early Time
Pressure

Late Time

Middle Time
Late Time
Early Time

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Source: ENI Well Test Handbook
Constant Rate Fundamentals

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Flow Regime Identification Tool

m=0

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Source: Schlumberger Well Test Interpretation
Boundaries

Fault, etc

Constant Pressure Boundary


Contact : WOC, GOC, GWC

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Storage Flow

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Linear Flow

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Bilinear and Spherical Flow

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Radial Flow

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Horizontal Well Flow Regime

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Dual Porosity - Dual Permeability

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Anisotropy

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Gas Consideration

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Source: IHS Well Test Fundamentals
Oil Well Testing

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Source: ENI Well Test Handbook
Gas Well Testing

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Source: ENI Well Test Handbook
Data Diagnostic
• Consistency between rate and pressure
• Flow regime identification
• Primary Pressure Plot derivative (PPD)
• Diagnostic plot overlay
• Gathering and understand key information 
Model Recognition

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Consistency Between Rate and Pressure

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Source: MSJ-52 Well Testing Report
Flow Regime Identification

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Source: globalccsinstitute.com
Model Recognition

Possible supporting data:


 Core Data
 Open Hole Log
 Production Data
 Wellbore/Completion Data
 Seismic Model
 Geological data, etc.
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Source: Schlumberger Well Test Interpretation
Primary Plot Derivative

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Source: Primary Pressure Derivative (PPD) a new diagnostic tool in well test interpretation, L. Matar
Diagnostic Plot Overlay

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Source: testwell.com
Pressure Transient Analysis Methodology

RAW DATA

DATA DIAGNOSTIC

Model Recognition

Specialized
Analysis

Well & Reservoir


Parameters

Checking Procedures
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Source: ENI Well Test Handbook
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STUDY CASE

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Study Case List
• Case-01 (Production Rate Issue)
• Case-02 (Depletion Case)
• Case-03 (Hydraulic Fracturing)

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