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Nature of News

It is any information about an incident,


unusual event, place, person or
pronouncement that is new to a certain
group of people.

Such information can either be


appreciated or discarded by the
recipients of the information,
depending on the level of needs or on
the present state of a particular group
of people.
Kinds of News

International
News
National
Provincial News
News
Local News

School News
Components of a News Story

A. News Filters
1. Accuracy
a. First Hand
b. Second Hand
c. Third Hand
Components of a News Story

B. Presentation
1. Objectivity
2. Fairness
3. Balanced
Components of a News Story

C. Brevity
K - Keep
I - It
S - Short
S - Simple
Components of a News Story
D. Clarity
Inverted Pyramid Structure
Components of a News Story

E. Proper Attribution
1. On the record – can quote the sources,
pictures, videos
2. On background – don’t want the source to
be identified
3. On deep background – don’t quote, identify
the name or position of the source
4. Off the record – you’re not allowed to
publish the statement from the sources

“Build trust with your sources.”


Angling for a GOOD News Story

A. Timeliness
B. Proximity or Nearness
C. Prominence
D. Oddity
E. Significance
Parts of a News Article
1. Lead
a. Summary Lead
Inmates of the Davao del Norte provincial
jail staged a noise barrage early yesterday,
calling for the ouster of two jail guards they
accused of committing abuses, prison officials
said.

Niyanig ng isang lindol ang lalawigan ng


Sorsogon at Masbate kahapon ng madaling araw
na ikinasawi ng tatlong tao at ikinasira ng mga
bahay at gusali.
Parts of a News Article
b. Novelty Lead
Trecean is going green.
With the increasing efficiency and reliability in
communications technology, Trece Martires City
National High School (TMCNHS) pushed for the
implementation of wide paperless transactions to save
on costs and protect the environment.

“Babawiin namin ang tropeyo sa susunod na


taon.”
Ito ang sinambit ni Angelo Matias, lider ng
debating team ng TMCNHS, matapos silang matalo ng
Osorio NHS sa patimpalak kahapon.
Parts of a News Article

c. AP Style Lead
The House of Representatives has
formally adopted a resolution supporting the
President's declaration of martial law and the
suspension of the privilege of the writ of habeas
corpus in Mindanao.

Ikinatuwa ng mga motorista ang pag-


apruba ng Congressional Bicameral Conference
Committee sa panukalang pagpapalawig ng bisa
ng driver's license.
Tips on How to Write an Effective Lead

1. Use a simple sentence.


2. Do not load the beginning
paragraph with the answers of five
W’s and one H.
3. Do not use an important or
unusual word twice in the same
sentence.
4. Avoid, when possible, the use of
article as a, an, and the as the
beginning word of the lead.
Tips on How to Write an Effective Lead

6. Use the S-V-O construction for


English and V-S-O for Filipino.
7. Keep the lead short, under 30 or
35 words.
8. Use colorful action verbs.
9. Make the lead readable.
Common Problems in Lead Writing

1. Cluttered
2. Flubby
3. Dull
4. Mechanical
5. Unfamiliar words or
Cliche
Parts of a News Article

2. Headline
China vows to help
Philippines in war on drugs
3 treasure hunter sa La
Union, patay nang matabunan
ng hinukay na tunnel
Rules in Writing Headline
1. Must have a verb. Present Tense
(English); Past Tense (Filipino)
2. Do not use a period (.).
3. Use a comma in place of “and” or
“at” and a semicolon to separate
sentences.
4. Don’t use the articles: a, an, the.
5. Don’t use names unless the person
is well-known.
6. Use the infinitive for the future
events.
Rules in Writing Headline
7. Use specific terms instead of
generalities.
8. The first letter of the first word and
proper nouns are capitalized.
9. The headline should give the gist of
the story in just few words.
10.The content of the headline over a
news story should be taken from the
lead of a news.
11.Write numbers in Arabic form.
Rules in Writing Headline
12.Use single quotation marks instead
of double quotation marks.
13.Use only familiar abbreviations or
acronyms in the headline.
Tips in Writing an Effective Headline

1. Must be correct (in fact and


implication).
2. Must connect to ordinary
readers.
3. Must attract attention.
4. Must set (or match) tone of the
article.
Some more about
headlining…
Hammer Head

A larger headline above


a smaller main headline; it uses
just a few words in a larger font
size.
ALL GEARED
UP
7 Treceño schools set to offer
Senior High in 2016
Some seven high schools in Trece Martires City are
being prepared to cater to the projected 90 percent
of the 4,535 Treceño students who will complete
Junior High School in March 2016, according to the
Department of Education (DepEd) Cavite.
‘NO TO CRIME AGAINST HUMANITY’
Treceans condemn extrajudicial killings, urge rule of law

Trece Martires City National High School urged the


Government to observe rule of law and respect of human rights as
they condemned the series of killings in the Duterte
administration’s bloody war against illegal drugs and criminality.
Treceans stressed that Bill of Rights and due process of
law stated in the constitution must be upheld in the government’s
anti-drug campaign not by gunmen on the streets.
“It’s not a good sight for everyone especially for our
students to have daily newspaper’s front pages filled with photos
of dead bodies lying in the streets,” said the principal Constancia
D. Luclucan as she pointed out that the number and manner of
killings could turn out to be crimes against humanity.
Attributed Headline

Patricia Bautista on P3-M credit


debt: I had to pay for my kids’
schooling

Alleged CIA plot to kill Joma


'pathetic' – Palace
Kicker

In Catanduanes
2 cops killed, 4 others wounded in bomb
blast, ambush staged by NPA rebels

To curb bullying in schools


Taguig completes CCTV installation
Parts of a News Article
3. Body
a. Use one idea per sentence.
b. Limit sentence length to 23-25
words. IF you can't read a
sentence aloud without a
breath, it’s too long.
c. Use the S-V-O (English) V-S-O
(Filipino). Don't delay meaning
and don't use a lot of commas.
Parts of a News Article
3. Body
d. Use strong verbs and an
active voice.
e. Reduce difficult words to
their simplest terms
f. Don't use more than 3
numbers in any one
sentence.
Parts of a News Article
3. Body
e. Do not put direct quotation
and indirect quotation in
the same paragraph.
f. Use transitional device for
clearer ideas.
g. Use proper nouns for the
second sentence of the
same paragraph.
T-Q Formula
Direct Quotes
Direct Quotes link to the transition/lead
before them. The quotes should
elaborate on the transition.

Schools Division Superintendent Cherrylou De


Mesa will make a brief appearance at Trece
Martires City NHS on Thursday after giving a
speech at the Pulong Bayan.
“She is coming as a favor to me,” Principal
Constancia Luclucan said. “We worked together
in as community organizers. I hope she gets a
chance to speak to some seniors about what
they can do for their country.”
Direct Quotes
Should not repeat the transition/lead
before them.

Schools Division Superintendent Cherrylou De


Mesa, will make a brief appearance at Trece
Martires City NHS on Thursday after giving a
speech at the Pulong Bayan.
“After speaking at the Pulong Bayan, De
Mesa will come to the high school for a short
appearance,” the principal Constancia Luclucan
said.
Direct Quotes
Holds the story and links the paragraphs
together. It can be fact, indirect quote or a
partial quote.

FACT TRANSITION:
(Lead) Division Schools Division Superintendent
Cherrylou De Mesa will speak to seniors on Friday about her
experience as a student and teacher.
(Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and
commitment when they hear the superintendent,” Principal
Constancia Luclucan said. “We are so excited that she
agreed to come.”
(Fact Transition) During her ealry years, De Mesa
was a a student and a teacher.
Direct Quotes
INDIRECT QUOTE TRANSITION:
(Lead) Division Schools Division Superintendent
Cherrylou De Mesa will speak to seniors on Friday about his
experience as a student and a teacher.
(Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and
commitment when they hear the Superintendent,” Principal
Constancia Luclucan said. “We are so excited that she
agreed to come.”
(IQ Transition) Luclucan said she was moved after
hearing De Mesa speaks about her experiences as student
and as a teacher.
Direct Quotes
PARTIAL QUOTE TRANSITION:
(Lead) Division Schools Division Superintendent
Cherrylou De Mesa will speak to seniors on Friday about his
experience as a student and a teacher.
(Direct Quote)“Seniors will learn a lot about duty and
commitment when they hear the Superintendent,” Principal
Constancia Luclucan said. “We are so excited that she
agreed to come.”
(Partial Quote Transition) Luclucan said she “had
tears in her eyes” when she heard De Mesa speaks about life
as a student and as a teacher.
Writing the Ending of the News
The ending is often what the readers
remember most about the story. It is so
important that the news writers should know
how to end their stories before they start
writing them.
Many good writers save a good morsel
for the end, perhaps their second best quote.
The most common type of ending is the
“quote ending.” Writers look for a quote that
best sums up the news story.
Sample News Article
China vows to help Philippines in war on drugs
China supports Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte and
his government's anti-drug efforts, a Chinese Foreign Ministry
spokesperson said on Wednesday, adding that the two countries'
law enforcement cooperation against drug smuggling has made
major progress.
Hua Chunying, Foreign Ministry spokesperson, made the
remarks at a routine briefing in response to a question related to a
recent cross-border drug trafficking case solved jointly by the two
sides, with 12 suspects arrested and over 600 kilograms of
methamphetamine seized.
"[In this case,] the law enforcement departments from
China and the Philippines conducted close cooperation and jointly
cracked down on the case, marking a major achievement of their
anti-drug law enforcement cooperation," said Hua.
China wants further cooperation with the Philippines in
such fields as anti-drug information sharing, technical equipment,
handling cases together, and drug rehabilitation programs, Hua
said.
Sample News Article
Kaanak ng Maute sa MM, imomonitor ng PNP
MANILA, Philippines - Upang maiwasan ang posibleng ‘spillover’ ng gulo
sa Marawi City masusing imo-monitor ng Philippine National Police
(PNP) ang mga kamag-anak o kapamilya ng ‘Maute terror group’ na
naninirahan sa Metro Manila.
Ito’y sa gitna na rin ng ulat na posibleng magsipagtago sa
kanilang mga kaanak sa Metro Manila ang Maute terror group na
nagsisitakas sa Marawi City.
“They were identified, nakatira sa Metro Manila, we will monitor
them closely”, pahayag ni dela Rosa.
Binigyang diin ni dela Rosa na bahagi ito ng security measures
upang matiyak na hindi makakapagtago sa Metro Manila ang mga Maute
terrorists upang mapigilan ang mga ito na dito naman maghasik ng
kaguluhan.
“Kailangan bantayan natin sila, baka nandiyan yung mga
nagsisitakas dun (Marawi City)”, anang PNP Chief.
Aminado naman si National Capital Region Police Office
(NCRPO) Chief P/Director Oscar Albayalde na may mga kamag-anak
ang Maute terrorist sa Metro Manila pero hindi ang mga ito magkapareho
ng pananaw sa pagiging ektremista tulad ng mga nasa Marawi at naki-
kipagbakbakan sa tropang gobyerno.

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