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NASHIK GENERATION TRAINING CENTER,

NASHIK
2008-2009

Presentation On
“250 MW Boiler Working & Construction”

Presented by
Mr. Nikhil P. Pangle
(J.E Paras Project)
BATCH N-34, ROLL NO.23
INTRODUCTION

 Boiler means any closed vessel exceeding 22.75 liters in


capacity used for steam generation under pressure.

 The first boiler was developed in 1725 & it’s working


pressure was 6 to 10 kg/cm2 was Wagon boiler.
TYPES / RESEARCHES OF BOILERS
 Fire Tube i.e. Carnish & Lauchashire Boilers (Locomotive
Boilers) developed in year 1844

 Water Tube Boiler developed in year 1873 (Babcock & Wilcox)


 210 MW Boiler by BHEL with LMW TA set technology
 250 MW Boiler by BHEL with KWU TA set technology
SPECIFICATIONS OF 250 MW KWU SETS
 NATURAL CIRCULATION
 BALANCED DRAFT
 WATER TUBE
 SUB-CRITICAL
 RADIENT REHEAT
 SINGLE DRUM
 CONVENTIONAL
 TANGENTIALLY FUEL FIRED
 PULVERISED COAL FIRED
 DRY BOTTOM FURNACE
MAJOR CONSTRUCTIONAL DIFFERENCE

1. DRUM AT ELEVATION 55.002 MTR. FROM GROUND.

2. SIX DOWN COMERS

3. NO ANY PLATTEN WATER WALL TUBES / HEADERS

4. TWO REHEATER OUTLET HEADERS

5. BUTTER FLY HEADER


CONSTRUCTIONAL DETAILS
 WATER WALL TUBE
A) FRONT: 183 TUBES
B) LHS : 142 TUBES
C) RHS : 142 TUBES
D) REAR ARCH PORTION : 136 TUBES

 PLATEN SUPER HEATER : 32 COILS X 8 TUBES/COIL


 FINAL SUPERHEATER : 130 COILS X 6 TUBES/COIL
 REHEATER 1 : 32 COILS X 6 TUBES/COIL
 REHEATER 2 : 33 COILS X 6 TUBES/COIL
 HANGER TUBES (LOOSE TUBES) : 47 TUBES
 RISER TUBES : 132 TUBES
 SATURATED TUBES : 22 TUBES
STEAM AND WATER CIRCUIT
Water circuit A
 Eco inlet water header
 Eco lower coil assembly
 Eco upper coil assembly
 Eco intermediate header
 Eco outlet header
 Eco links to drum
 Downcomers
 Lower ring header
 Water wall panel
 Water wall hopper
 Side/front waterwall outlet header
 Riser tubes
 Drum
Water circuit B
 Rear waterwall bottom ring header
 Extended side waterwall inlet header
 extended side water wall tube
 Extended side waterwall outlet header
 Hanger tubes
 Rear waterwall hanger outlet header
 Screen tubes
 Rear waterwall screen outlet header
Steam circuit
 Drum
 Saturated collecting tubes
 Radiant roof inlet header
 Radiant roof outlet header
 Super heater side wall inlet header
 Super heater side wall outlet header
 Super heater front wall inlet header
 Junction header
 Four links to butter fly header
 Extended steam cooled water inlet header
 Junction header
 LTSH inlet header
• LTSH lower coil
• LTSH upper coil
• LTSH outlet header
• Platen superheater inlet header
• Platen superheater outlet header
• Final superheater inlet header
• Final superheater outlet header
Reheater circuit
 Reheater inlet header
 Reheater outlet header 1
 Reheater outlet header 2
Thank You !!!