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in daily life and industry

Automation in daily life


 Automation -the replacement of humans with technology-
is everywhere. It's impacting our day-to-day lives, usually in
ways we barely notice. Grocery store self-checkouts or the
map app on your phone are examples of automation that've
become engrained in our daily life. One thing is certain;
automation is going to become far more widespread as
industries continue to adopt technology and try to find
ways to save time, money and effort.
Automation in daily life
 Sectors like fitness, health, safety, education and energy are already
benefiting from artificial intelligence (AI) and automation. Robots
such as the MILO and NAO have entered the classroom to help
younger grades and students with learning disabilities reap the benefits
of more tailored teaching methods and socialization. These positive
effects suggest robotic integration into the classroom will become more
popular as robots become easier to use and more affordable. While
robots can manage a number of tasks that teachers are responsible for,
the emotional attributes of a human can't be replaced.
Automation in daily life
 MILO (left) and NAO (right) robot
Automation in daily life
 Our lives are busy. We work, commute, cook, do laundry,
play with our kids, talk to our significant others, walk the
dog and then try to catch some Zs. Typically our to-do lists
have more on them than we can get done in 24 hours. One
advancement that has helped us manage that overload is
automation of the simple repetitive tasks.
Automation in daily life
 Here are a few tasks that people have automated in daily life and rarely
have to think about.
 Thermostat - the programmable thermostat was a great addition for
those who wanted to run their furnace or air conditioners more
efficiently, but have the house comfortable upon their arrival home.
Program the times you want the temperature to change and go about
your daily routine.
 Coffee Makers - some can’t start their work day without coffee. So
coffeemaker companies responded, programmable coffeemakers. Set
the time you want your coffee to start brewing, pull yourself out of bed
and the coffee's ready!
 Ice Makers - yes, we have reached a time that ice trays are no longer
needed. Many of our newer generations will not realize what ease it is
to reach in and have ice without having to have the day you reach in
and find that the last person to take ice didn’t fill the tray!
Automation in daily life
 Bill Pay - great addition added to banks, credit cards, utility
companies and more. Having late payments should become a
thing of the past, using automatic bill pay or scheduled bill pay
has made these tasks done without thought.
 Phone Apps - You can streamline so many processes with
phone apps - shopping lists, paying a cashier, pizza ordering,
banking, budgets, etc. Plus a family member can be using the
same thing, so it’s shared and not in just one location.
Programming
 Today we have many programs that we can work on in the
mechatronics engineering.
 Some of which we have been teaching during our
education
 -LOGOSOFT
 -CATIA
 -AUTOCAD
Programming
 What is a Logosoftware ?
 LOGO! Soft Comfort – stands for sensationally easy and quick
configuration.
 This allows the creation of user programs by selecting the respective
functions and their connection via drag-and-drop. In single mode and
in network mode.
 Automatic configuration of communication and display in network
view. Up to 16 nodes can be dis-played in the network view.
It has been proven useful to program the switching program step-by-
step and to simulate and test it on the PC offline. This approach
prevents time-consuming troubleshooting in the entire program.
Short configuration times are accomplished by creating your own
macro blocks in which frequently recurring program parts are stored in
a macro library.
Programming
Logosoftware example : Traffic light
Programming
 What is CATIA ?
CATIA stands for Computer Aided Three dimensional Interactive Application
The first release of CATIA was back in 1977 by Dassault Systemes, who still maintain and
develop the software. CATIA was initially developed for use in designing the Dassault
Mirage fighter jet.
Over the years, CATIA has developed into much more than a CAD (Computer Aided
Design) software package. It is now a software suite which incorporates the following
capabilities; CAD, CAM and CAE.
 CATIA enables the creation of 3D parts, from 2D sketches, sheetmetal, composites,
molded, forged or tooling parts up to the definition of mechanical assemblies. The
software provides advanced technologies for mechanical surfacing. It provides tools to
complete product definition, including functional tolerances as well
as kinematics definition.
CATIA offers a solution to shape design, styling, surfacing workflow and visualization to
create, modify, and validate complex innovative shapes from industrial design to Class-A
surfacing with the ICEM surfacing technologies. CATIA supports multiple stages of
product design whether started from scratch or from 2D sketches(blueprints).
Programming
 CATIA example : Screw
Programming
 What is AutoCAD ?
 AutoCAD is a commercial computer-aided design (CAD) and drafting
software application. Developed and marketed by Autodesk,

 In simple words, AutoCAD is a commercial software application used


to draft 2D and 3D models with the aid of a computer. Although this
description provides an all-encompassing explanation of what
AutoCAD is used for, it does not break down its uses into the
specialized units the software is known for.

 AutoCAD was first released in December 1982 as a desktop app


running on microcomputers with internal graphics controllers.
 Before AutoCAD was introduced, most commercial CAD programs ran
on mainframe computers or minicomputers,
 with each CAD operator (user) working at a separate graphics terminal.
Programming
 AutoCAD example : 3D Modeling
Robotics in automative industry
 For many years the automotive industry has been well known for
its intensive use of industrial robotics. Since the implantation of
the first industrial robots in the 1960s, a lot of things have
changed. These days, the production lines need to be more
efficient, flexible and precise. Many enhancements have been
made on production lines over the last few years to help workers
in their daily tasks. We took a look at the latest robotic
applications in automotive manufacturing and here are the top 5
applications that grabbed our attention.
Robotics in automative industry
 1. Robotic vision
During the production of the 2013 Ford Escape, the company decided
to introduce a robotic arm with "eyes". The laser and cameraplaced in
an array on the robot wrist, are able to see exactly where to install the
parts on the car body. By giving instant feedback to the robot; the
windshields, door panels and fenders can be applied more precisely.

The big innovation of this technology is that industrial robots are now
able to put a proper offset on the installation of a part.

Therefore, if there is any variation in the production, the robot can


adapt its installation procedure to fit the part perfectly. This
application reduces the gap between the assembled parts, which means
a significant reduction in noise caused by wind.
Robotics in automative industry
 Robotic vision system
Robotics in automative industry
 2. Collaborative robots
 Although recent exposure of robot collaboration mostly
concern human-robot collaboration, this case deals with more of
a robot-robot collaboration.
 In fact, in the Chinese automotive plant, Great Wall Motors (GWM),
the welding line is considered to be one of the most productive lines
ever made. When 27 ABB robots work at 30 different workstations,
collaboration happens between handling robots and welding robots.
 The ABB IRB 7600 precisely places the panel at the right location, while
an ABB IRB 6640 performs the welding operations. This robotic line
performs more than 4,000 welding operations on the car body in an 86
second cycle time, including the transferring operations.
Robotics in automative industry
 Collaborative robots on the job
Robotics in automative industry
 3. Robotic hand
 Although the automotive industry uses a large number of industrial
robots in a production line, human workers contribute to the final
completion of the cars. In fact, as most of the manufacturing
operations are done by industrial robotic arms, the assembly tasks are
still handmade.
 Wiring and operations, such as wheel installation, remain a human
task. To reduce the weight applied on the human hand, Equipois
developed a bionic hand called the X-Ar arm. This exoskeleton device
has been used by GMC for several years to reduce the stress produced
by repetitive movement.
 This technology gives a supplementary 10 pounds of gripping force to
the worker. The "gripper" comes with sensors, actuators and simulated
nerves, muscles and tendons that not only reduce fatigue, but also
increase manual dexterity.
Robotics in automative industry
 Robotic hand
Robotics in automative industry
 4. Collaborative robots part 2
 As collaborative robotics becomes more and more efficient and easy to
use, the automotive industry tends to use them more frequently.
Getting the hard/dirty job all day long can not only be exhausting for a
human worker, but it can also cause injuries and motivation to drop
dramatically.
 This is one of the reasons why BMW has introduced collaborative
robots to its assembly line. These human-friendly robots perform the
final assembly of the car doors. The robots work with a door sealant
that keeps sound and water out of the car.
 The goal of this implantation is not to replace human workers, but to
help them in their daily tasks. Introducing these new robots right
beside workers is now safe and if it can also help enhance productivity,
it is also value added.
Robotics in automative industry
 BMW collaborative robots
Robotics in automative industry
 5. Robotic painting
 The process of painting a car body with industrial robotic arms
isn’t new, but it is still an important application to highlight. In
fact, since highly qualified painters are hard to find these days
and considering the size of a car, it is much easier for a company
to use robots for this application.
 In addition, painting is a very complex process, it’s hard work
and toxic, as well as needing consistent results throughout the
whole production. Another great aspect of using a painting robot
is the reduction of waste material. Since the robots are equipped
with a flowmeter, the exact same amount of paint is distributed
on each part.
Robotics in automative industry
 Painting robots