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THE SCIENCE OF

YOGA

THE TOPMOST
YOGA SYSTEM
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

In B.G. 6.46. Krishna says,

Tapasvi bhyo ‘dhiko yogi

Jnanibhyo ‘pi mata dhika

Karmabhyas ca ‘dhiko yogi

Tasmad yogi bhavarjuna


The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Yoga – What it Is Not !

• It is not mere
physical exercise for
shapely body, good
health & long life

• Emaciated Renunciate in
meditation

• Man with some extra-ordinary


mystic powers
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Yoga – What it Actually Is ?

• “Union” in love between the individual


consciousness & Supreme
consciousness I.e. between Soul & God

• Yogi is a person whose life & activities are


oriented towards re-establishing his
relationship with God
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Different Types of Human Beings

Human Beings

Law Abiders Law Breakers

Karmis Jnanis Dhyanis Bhaktas

Sakama Niskama
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Law Breakers

• Hard working
materialists

• Sophisticated animals conditioned to the


bodily concept of life
• Don’t believe in soul, rebirth, God &
Spiritual world

• Don’t discriminate between sinful &


pious activities
eg Charvak (sweet for ear) philosophy
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Law Breakers …..contd

• Make futile attempts at being controller &


Enjoyer ……… Eg. Sand Castles
Jesus Said, “Don’t built your castles on sand built
them on hard rock”
Krishna Said, “Keep focus on the soul, whatever you
do for the soul is eternal

B.G. 3.27 B.G. 9.21


prakrateh Kriyamanani Moghasa mogha karmano
gunaih karmani sarvasah mogha jnana vicetasah
ahankarah vimudhatma rakshasim asurim caiva
Kartaham iti manyate prakritim mohinim sritah
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Law Abiders

Sakama Karmis Kama – material desires

sakama- with material desires

• Perform pious activities with a fruitive intent

• Don’t know that both good and


bad karma are binding

• In the madness, forget the goal of life.


eg. Indra as a pig

• It is meant for gradual elevation & not an


end in itself

• Mostly worship demigods, with material


desires.
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Different Types of Yoga


• According to Bhagavad-Gita there
are four types of Yoga:
- Karma Yoga,
- Jnana
BhaktiYoga,
- Astanga
DhyanaYoga &
- Bhakti Yoga.
Jnana
Karma

• These are not different paths but are


different rungs of the same ladder.
“All other yoga's are subsets of these four yoga's”
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Niskama Karma Yoga

B.G. 3.30
Mayi sarvani karmani
sannyasyadhyatma cetasah
Nirasir nirmamo bhutva
yudhyasva vigata jvarah

O Arjuna,
•surrendering all your works unto
me with full knowledge of Me,
•Without desires of profit,
•With no claims to proprietorship
&
•Free from lethargy,……… fight
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Niskama Karma Yoga …..contd

• Process of performing work without


selfish desire for personal gain

• Art of working without entaglement

B.G…. “Karmanyevadhikaraste……..”
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Jnana Yoga
• Impersonal, Transcendentalist
Eg. Frog in the well

• Elevation process to spiritual


consciousness through the
cultivation of philosophical
knowledge

• Troublesome path

• Promoted to bhakti-yoga only through


association of devotees
eg. Four kumaras & Sukhdev Gosvami
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Astanga Yoga
• Mechanical meditative process meant to
control the mind & senses to focus one’s
concentration on the supreme

Ashta – Eight anga - limbs


Yama, niyam, asana , pranayam,
Pratyahara, Dharana, dhyana & Samadhi
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Astanga Yoga

• Strict rules and regulations which are


impractical in Kali-Yuga

• Arjuna rejects Astanga Yoga


“Cancalam hi manah Krsna….”

• Dangers of falling in the trap of siddhis


eg. Saubhari muni

• Perfection of Astanga Yoga is to focus on


the paramatma within our heart.
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Three levels in understanding God

1 – Brahmajyoti – Jnana Yoga

2 – Paramatma realization – Astanga Yoga

3 – Personal form of the Lord – Bhakti Yoga

Eg. Seeing a mountain from various distances


The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Bhakti Yoga
• Yoga for selfless, ecstatic love for God
through transcendental devotional service
to the Lord

• Easiest means to derive our dormant,


inherent constitutional position

• Includes three terms – servitor, served &


service
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Bhakti Yoga
Nine processes of Devotional service
1. Sravanam (Hearing) 2. Kirtanam (chanting)

3. Smaranam (remembering)
4. Pada-sevanam 5. archanam(worship)
(serving the lotus feet)
6. Vandanam (Offering Prayers)

7. Dasyam (servant) 8. Sakhyam(friendship)

9. Atma-nivedanam (surrendering)

• The most powerful of the nine process of


bhakti is the Hearing & Chanting of the
Lord’s holy name
“Culmination of all yogas”
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Bhakti Yoga …..contd

Lord Krishna Says in B.G. 3.30


Yoginam api sarvesam
Mad-gatenantaratmana
Sradhhavan bhajate yo mam
Sa me yuktatamo matah

Translation: “Of all the yogis , the one with


great faith who always abides in Me, thinks of
Me within himself, and renders transcendental
loving service to Me is the most intimately
united with Me in yoga and is the highest of all.
That is My opinion.
The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Methods of attaining Bhakti Yoga


Gradual Method

STEP 0 : Astanga Yoga + Loving devotional


service to the lord (Bhakti Yoga)
STEP 3 : Renouncing fruits + Knowledge +
Control of mind & Senses by eight fold path +
Meditation on Paramatma(Supersoul in the
heart
(Astanga Yoga)
STEP 2 : Renouncing fruits + Speculative
Knowledge about Brahman + Austerity
(Jnana Yoga)
STEP 1 : Renouncing the fruits of ones labor
(Karma Yoga/Niskama Karma)

STEP 0 : Fruitive worker performing rituals(Karma Kanda)


The Science of Yoga - Topmost Yoga system

Direct Method
• Devotional service in Krishna consciousness
is the Direct Method

• Two Stages involved :


- Vaidhi Bhakti
- Raganuga bhakti
• The direct method is like taking an elevator
for going up, instead of walking up all the
steps.