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“KNOWING YOURSELF IS THE

BEGINNING OF ALL WISDOM.”


-Aristotle
PERSONAL DEVELOPMENT
• It is the process of improving oneself
• You can only improve yourself if you know
who you are.
• It involves self-awareness that includes
thoughts, feelings, and behavior.
• Developing oneself opens you to new
discoveries and new growth.
• You should not stop at being content
with what you have now or stay where
you are.
• You need to press on toward reaching
your full potential.
• As you go through the journey of self-
development, you will acquire
qualities, attitudes, and values that
will make you a better person.
Self-knowledge is derived from social
interactions that provide insight into how
others react to you.

Knowing ourselves- how we develop,


how we acquire new characteristics, and
how we gain our individual strengths and
weaknesses- result in knowing who we
were, what we are, and who we will be.
“SELF”
union of elements,
namely: body,
thoughts, feelings
or emotions, and
sensations that
constitute the
individuality and
identity of a person.
SELF-PERCEPTION

• self-awareness
• evaluating yourself
• the way you perceive yourself
SUB-CATEGORIES:
• Actual Self
It is the self that has characteristics that you were nurtured
or, in some cases, born to have.

• Ideal Self
It is the one that you hope will possess characteristics
similar to that of a mentor or some other worldly figure.
• Every perception is okay
when it is accepted and
understood according to the
situation of the perceiver.
Who am I?
GUIDE QUESTIONS:
• What object/s best illustrate who you
are? Why? (Actual self)
• What do you see in yourself 10 years
from now? (Ideal self)
DIMENSIONS OF THE
SELF
Physical
Psychological
Spiritual
PHYSICAL DIMENSION
• Revolves around the physical body of a
human being, its processes, functions,
mechanisms, and chemistry.
• This dimension is responsible for giving
us the ability to move our muscles, to
perceives our surroundings, and to think
of the ideas and opinions that bring
wonders to our lives and of others’.
PSYCHOLOGICAL DIMENSION
• Contains the concepts of stress cognition,
behavior, attitude, emotion and ultimately
personality.
• It has both internal and external factors
that can or cannot be measured, observed,
and calculated.
• It refers to the individual as a set of
characteristics, behaviors, attitudes,
cognitions, and emotions.
SPIRITUAL DIMENSION
• Allows us to view ourselves in a
spiritual level- as spiritual beings.
• This dimension cannot be observed but
can be subjectively altered and
perceived by the person.
• It holds a relevance to a perceived
existence of God, of a greater good, or
a Superior Being relating to the humble
individual.
• A settled way of thinking and feeling
about someone or something, typically
reflecting in a person’s behavior.
• Manifests itself as behavior, as a
personality.
Explicit

Attitudes that can be perceived


consciously and expressed
accordingly
Implicit
Thoughts or feelings that
conscious awareness does
not cover
CONSCIOUS

UNCONSCIOUS
AFFECT
• The term used to
represent emotions
directed to the self, the
environment and to
others.
COGNITION
• The way we think.
• It encompasses our thoughts in
different levels, ranging from
ourselves to our environment,
from imaginary to perceivable
reality.
BEHAVIOR
• The action from or
manifestation of attitude.
• Attitude affects behavior as
behavior affects attitude.
HOW EXACTLY ONE’S
ATTITUDES ARE FORMED?
• Attitudes can form
consequently through
experiences either from
personal encounters or
observed consequences.
• Rejection is a common
experience and often result
to embittered attitudes
towards the doer of the
action.
KNOWLEDGE
VS
EXPERIENCE
SOCIAL FACTORS
Roles in a social environment

Social Norms

Upbringing of parents and elders

Parents, elders and peers


set of examples(actions)
LEARNING
• Classical conditioning
• Example effect of
commercials
• Stimulus and Response
OPERANT CONDITIONING
• It is a matter of
consequences, pleasant and
unpleasant
• Punishment and Reward
MODELLING
• When someone particularly
close to us, a person we admire
or adore, or a parent does
something, it is more than likely
we would be doing the same
thing they are doing.
• IMITATION