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THE PLANET EARTH

EARTH
 Earth is the only planet
to be named in English.
The word ‘Earth’ is Old
English word for “land“
 Earth belongs to the
Milky Way Galaxy
 Earth is the only planet
to sustain life
SHAPE OF THE EARTH

 The study of size and shape of earth is called


geodesy.
 Before 500 BC, people thought that earth was
flat. But thanks to scientists like Aristotle and
Pythagoras, people know that the shape of
the earth is spherical. However Sir Isaac
Newton showed that the earth was not a
perfect sphere, but a compressed spheroid.
 The true shape of the Earth is called an
Oblate Spheroid. – The term "Oblate"
refers to its slightly oblong appearance.
– The term "Spheroid" means that it is
almost a sphere, but not quite. – The
Earths shape is only very slightly oblate.
EARTH'S FORMATION AND EVOLUTION

Scientists think Earth was formed at roughly the


same time as the sun and other planets some 4.6
billion years ago, when the solar system came
from a giant, rotating cloud of gas and dust
known as the solar nebula. As the nebula
collapsed because of its gravity, it spun faster
and flattened into a disk. Most of the material
was pulled toward the center to form the sun.
Other particles within the disk collided and stuck
together to form ever-larger bodies, including
Earth.
 Scientists think Earth started off as a waterless
mass of rock. Radioactive materials in the rock
and increasing pressure deep within the Earth
generated enough heat to melt Earth's interior,
causing some chemicals to rise to the surface
and form water, while others became the gases
of the atmosphere. Recent evidence suggests
that Earth's crust and oceans may have formed
within about 200 million years after the planet
had taken shape.
 The history of Earth is divided into four eons
— starting with the earliest, these are the
Hadean, Archean, Proterozoic and
Phanerozoic. The first three eons, which
together lasted nearly 4 billion years, are
together known as the Precambrian.
Evidence for life has been found in the
Archaean about 3.8 billion years ago, but life
did not become abundant until the
Phanerozoic
STRUCTURE OF THE EARTH’S
INTERIOR

The structure of earth (also referred as


cross–section) is divided into mainly four
layers namely Crust, Mantle, Inner Core and
Outer Core .
MOTIONS OF THE EARTH

 Revolution- earth’s movement around the


sun
 The earth revolves or goes around the sun in
elliptical or oval orbit, from west to east.
 It takes 365 days, 5 hours, 48 mins., and 46
seconds (365 and ¼ days).
 A year with 366 days is called a leap year.
AMAZING FACTS ABOUT THE PLANET
EARTH
 The world's largest desert is the Sahara, it
covers about one third of Africa!
 Stretching out to an impressive length of
6696 kilometres (4160 miles) long, the Nile
River is the longest river on earth.
 Mt. Everest is the highest mountain on earth,
its peak reaches 8,848 metres (29029 feet)
above sea level.
 Hot Spot The fiery award for Earth's hottest spot
goes to El Azizia, Libya, where temperature records
from weather stations reveal it hit 136 degrees
Fahrenheit (57.8 degrees Celsius) on Setp. 13, 1922,
according to NASA Earth Observatory.
 Coldest Spot It may come as no surprise that the
coldest place on Earth can be found in Antarctica,
but the chill factor is somewhat unbelievable. Winter
temperatures there can drop below minus 100
degrees F (minus 73 degrees C).
 The lowest temperature ever recorded on Earth
came from Russia's Vostok Station, where records
show the air plunged to a bone-chilling minus 128.6
degrees F (minus 89.2 degrees C) on July 21,1983,
according to the USGS.
THANK YOU FOR
ATTENTION