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Wastewater –

Its Journey to Treatment and


Return to the Environment

ESI
Where does it all go!
Where does the When you flush the
water from the toilet where does
washer go? the contents go?

By gravity flow, the waste is on its way


to your local wastewater treatment plant!
Why treat wastewater?
• Causes a demand for dissolved oxygen
(lower DO levels of streams)

• Adds nutrients (nitrate and phosphate)


to cause excessive growth

• Increases suspended solids or sediments


in streams (turbidity increase)
Parkway
Sewagesheds WWTP
- an area where
sewage is collected
and delivered to a Bowie WWTP
WWPT
Western
Blue Plains Branch
WWTP WWTP
Marlboro
Meadows
Piscataway
WWTP
WWTP

Mattawoman
WWTP approximate
boundaries
Where do you locate the
WWTP in the watershed?
A

D
Consider the four possible sites.
The volume of wastewater
35 WWTP Capacity
30 Average Flow
million gallon/day

25
20
15
10
5
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PGC 1992 Comprehensive Ten Year Water and Sewerage Plan


Levels of Treatment
Primary
– removal by physical separation of grit and large
objects (material to landfill for disposal)
Mostly dead
Secondary microbes

– aerobic microbiological process (sludge)


organic matter + O2  CO2 + NH3 + H2O
NH3  NO3- aquatic nutrient

- lowers suspended solids content (into sludge)


Secondary process
From primary process

To tertiary process
air Aeration Settling
diffuser and rapid collects sludge
mixing on bottom
Levels of Treatment continued
Tertiary (advanced)
– anaerobic microbiological process with a
different microbe where O2 is toxic (more
sludge)
NO3-  N2 (escapes to atmosphere)

– PO4-3 if not removed in sludge in secondary


process
PO4-3 + Al+3  AlPO4 (s) (into sludge)

- aeration to strip N2 and re-oxygenate (add DO)


From secondary process
Tertiary process

add methanol as food source

Effluent
Slow mixing Settling
to keep suspended collects sludge
and O2 out on bottom
When the treatment is done…
• Effluent back to stream after
– a final carbon filtration and
– chlorination/dechlorination

• Sludge – very nutrient rich


– applied directly to land as fertilizer
– incinerated (good fuel after drying)
– composted (Compro® from WSSC)

Note – Leafgro® is composted


leaves and grass from MES

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