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PVTsim

The OLGA 2000


Fluid Property Package
PVTsim by Calsep

• Calsep - an alliance partner


– Calsep founded in 1982
– Specialists in PVT and fluid properties
calculations
– Ensures most updated PVT
calculation methods for OLGA users
PVTsim cont.

• PVTsim
– On the market since 1991
– Developed for process, reservoir and laboratory
engineers
– More than 200 installations worldwide
– Customers include:
Statoil, Shell, BP, Chevron, Norsk Hydro, Agip,
TotalFinaElf, Saudi Aramco, Amerada Hess,
Phillips, Maersk, Unocal, CoreLab, Oilphase and
many others
PVTsim OLGA Version
• Limited version of full PVTsim package
– additional modules available through Calsep
• PVTsim can be used to
– characterize fluids
– tune saturation points
– mix fluids by volume, by weight or on molar basis
– make P,T flash calculations
– make phase envelopes
– calculate various fluid properties
– make OLGA fluid property tables (.tab files)
Base Models in PVTsim

• Equation of state (EOS)


– Soave-Redlich-Kwong - Peneloux (SRK-P)
• default EOS
– Peng-Robinson - Peneloux (PR-P)
– Soave-Redlich-Kwong (SRK)
– Peng-Robinson (PR)
• Pure water
– Water property package developed by NASA
• Water mixed with hydrate inhibitors
– EOS with Huron and Vidal (1979) mixing rule
C7+ Characterization Procedure
• Pedersen et al, 1984 - estimate of distributions
– molar, density and molecular weight
• Based on above estimates
– Calculate properties of carbon number fractions
• Tc , Pc ,acentric factor needed by EOS

– Group the carbon number fractions


• TBP-fractions + estimated carbon number
fractions of plus fraction into a user defined
number of pseudo components (default 12)
Estimate Molar Distribution
Estimate Density Distribution
Estimate Molecular Weight

• Molecular weight versus carbon number fraction

MWN = 14 CN - 4

• MWN : Molecular weight


• CN : Carbon number fraction
Transport Properties
• Viscosity
– Corresponding states principle (CSP) -
default method
• Pedersen et al, 1987
– Lohrenz-Bray-Clark (LBC)
• same 1964
• Thermal Conductivity
– Pedersen et al, 1987
Transport Properties cont.

• Surface Tension
– Gas/oil: Weinaug & Katz 1943
– Gas/pure water: API Technical databook, 1983
– Oil/pure water: API Technical databook, 1983
– Gas/salt water & oil/salt water: Firoozabadi &
Ramey, 1988
OLGA Tables Content
• General specification
– Pressure, temperature, total water mass fraction,
gas mass fraction, water vapor fraction of gas,
• Physical properties for each phase
– density
– density derivatives
– enthalpy
– heat capacity
– entropy
– viscosity
– thermal conductivity
– surface tension
OLGA Tables - Water Flashing

• Complete three-phase flash is always performed


when water and other aqeous components(MeOH,
MEG etc.) are present, i.e. full miscibility.

• For two-phase tables two liquid phases are


lumped into one liquid with average fluid
properties.
OLGA Tables - Water Flashing cont.

• No hydrate inhibitor present


– Water properties from NASA package
– Density and viscosity corrected for salts
• Hydrate inhibitor present
– Water properties from EOS
– Density and viscosity corrected for salts
OLGA Tables - Water Flash Methods

• Two-phase with water


– No hydrate inhibitor present
• no miscibility between water and
hydrocarbon phases
– Hydrate inhibitor present
• full miscibility between water and
hydrocarbon phases
OLGA Tables - Water Flash Methods cont.

• Three-phase with water


– No hydrate inhibitor present
• no solubility of hydrocarbon in water
• solubility of water in gas considered
– Hydrate inhibitor present
• full miscibility between water and hydrocarbon
phases
References
• Search in pvtdoc.doc in the PVTsim directory
• Characterization
– Pedersen: Ind. Chem. Process Des. Dev., 1984, 163 - 170
• Mixing rule
– Huron, M. J. and Vidal, J.: Fluid Phase Eq. 3, 1979, 255.
• Transport properties
– Weinaug, C. F. and Katz, D. L., Ind. Eng. Chem. 35, 1943, 239.
– Lohrenz, J.,, Bray, B. G. and Clark, C. R.
J. Pet. Technol., Oct. 1964, 1171-1176.
– Pedersen et al: Chem. Eng. Sci. 42, 1987, 182-186
– Pedersen et al: J. Can. Pet. Tech, 1988
– Firoozabadi, A. and Ramey, H. J., Journal of Canadian
Petroleum Technology 27, 1988, pp. 41-48.
PVTsim - Composition Input
PVTsim - Characterized Fluid
PVTsim - Mixing Fluids
PVTsim - Recombining Fluids
PVTsim - Phase Envelope

TEST 4 BHS OIL C10+

6000

Crit P
5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0
-100 0 100 200 300 400 500 600 700 800 900
Tem pe rature /°F
PVTsim - OLGA 2000 Input
PVTsim - Check the Results!

• Always check PVT tables when running OLGA


– Use Fluid Properties  Fluid Data 3D in OLGA
2000 to view results
• Problems may occur in single phase region
– can be identified as P,T tabulation points where
the gas mass fraction equals 0 or 1
– double check for discontinuities in all fluid
properties