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SENSORY DOMAIN

HEARING AND VISUAL IMPAIRMENT


INTRODUCTION:
DIFFERENTLY ABLE
instead of DISABLED
OBJECTIVES
1. To provide basic information and types of visual and
hearing impairment.
2. To enumerate characteristics of persons with given
impairments to provide assessments and modifications.
3. To understand why establishing a better environment for
individuals with hearing and visual impairment are
needed in a regular basis.
WHAT IS SENSORY DOMAIN?
It is one responsible dealing and
managing our senses. When a people
has a disability in a specific area of
sense, the sensory domain for that
area shuts down completely which
sends a signal to our brain that we are
incapable of doing it.
VISUAL Impairment
Visual Impairment (VI) refers to a
significant functional loss of vision
that cannot be corrected by
medication, surgical operation, or
ordinary optical lenses such as
spectacles.
PARTIAL/TOTAL
DARKNESS
2 Legal Types of Visual Impairment

 Partially Blind

 Legally Blind
3 LEVELS OF VI
Mild

Moderate

Severe
SYMPTOMS OF CHILDREN
WITH VI

Divided into two stages; during infancy and


During childhood.
DURING INFANCY
 No blinking to bright light
 Do not look at his/her hands.
 Do not visually follow moving objects in front of his/her
face
 Slow response to voiceless toys or parents’ faces;
respond only to sound
 No imitation of others’ expressions and actions
 Do not actively reach out for his/her favorite toys
 Fear of gross motor activities, such as crawling
 Lack of eye contact
DURING EARLY CHILDHOOD
 Often keep his/her head down; lack eye contact with
others.
 Limited facial expression and body language.
 Tend to hold objects very close to the eyes when looking
at them.
 Abnormal responses to bright light (gazing at light
excessively or trying to avoid it).
 Often bump into objects or fall over and get confused
with directions.
 Search for his/her way using hands.
 May press on eyeballs with fingers.
 Jerky movements of the eyeballs.
WHAT CAUSES VI?

Infections during pregnancy.


Congenital eye diseases.
Factors during delivery.
Acquired eye diseases.
Early prevention, ASSESSMENT,
and accommodation

Should be prevented and


managed at an early stage.
Secondary problems can be
prevented.
Parents’ proper guidance.
Learning Media Assessment
AND ACCOMMODATION
 Regular print
 Regular print with low vision devices
 Large print
 Braille
 Audio materials to supplement one of the other
methods.
ORIENTATION, MOBILITY ASSESSMENT
and accommodation

Interview
Observation
Evaluation
TESTS

Visual Acuity
Visual Field
Contrast Sensitivity
Color Vision
Light Sensitivity
BASIC PRINCIPLES FOR
TRAINING CHILDREN WITH VI

Overall Cognition
Sensory Training
Residual Vision
Accommodated
Testing Administration
PHILIPPINE NATIONAL
SCHOOL FOR THE BLIND
A government-supported residential learning institution
located in the heart of the City of Pasay exclusively
established to cater the educational needs of students with
visual impairments in the Philippines. It was founded as a
separate component of the then Philippine School for the
Deaf and the Blind in July 10, 1970 by virtue of Republic
Act 3562 also known as “An Act to Promote the Education
of the Blind in the Philippines”.

http://pnsb.depedpasay.ph/
CONTINUING EDUCATION
AFTER ADOLESCENCE

Vocational Training Council

Tertiary Institutions
EMPLOYMENT
(What kind of work can a blind person do?)
The booming business process and
outsourcing industry in the Philippines,
including call center work, has led to focus
job placement for blind persons in work that
requires computer skills. Not only computer-
related jobs, but also…
Biomedical Physicist.
Chef.
Engineer.
Financial Analyst.
Nurse.
Personal Trainer.
Senior Accessibility Specialist.
University Professor.
LET‘S PLAY!
TOTALITY OF SILENCE
LET‘S PLAY!