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‡What is the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)?

How the Large Hadron Collider works?

‡What are the experiments which are to be performed in


LHC?
etc etc etc««««««««««««
What is the LHC?
‡ With its 27-km circumference, the world's largest and
highest-energy particle accelerator.
‡Particle physicists are using it to collide protons at
very high energies(7 trillion electronvolts).
‡Operates at about ² 3000C,& Speeds particles to
almost the speed of light.
‡Involves 4 big experiments.
Where is the LHC?
 
   
   aont Blanc, 4810 m
‰   

   

Downtown Geneva
che Big Questions..
‡cruthness of Higgs mechanism for generating
elementary particle masses via electroweak symmetry
breaking.
‡Are there extra dimensions, as predicted by various
models inspired by string theory??
‡che CP Violation between aatter & Antimatter.
‡What was the nature of the quark-gluon plasma in the
early universe?? (Gravity redefined)
‡Dark aatter exists or not?
‡che mass of aatter defined in accordance with Higgs
Boson particles..
   

‡AcLAS-A coroidal LHC Apparatus
‡CaS-Compact auon Solenoid
‡LHCb-LHC-beauty
‡ALICE-A Large Ion Collider Experiment
‡cOcEa-cotal Cross Section, Elastic Scattering and Diffraction
Dissociation
‡LHCf-LHC-forward
AcLAS-A coroidal LHC Apparatus
‡Investigation of Higgs mechanism, which includes collision of
protons resulting in production of elementary particles of
different masses & giving rise to the differences between the
weak force & electromagnetism by giving the W and Z bosons
masses while leaving the photon massless.
‡che asymmetry between the behavior of matter and antimatter,
known as CP violation.
(AcLAS) Continued..

 
     

 

 
 



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CaS-Compact auon Solenoid
aain goals are:
‡ to explore physics at the ceV scale
‡ to discover the Higgs boson
‡ to look for evidence of physics beyond the standard model,
such as supersymmetry, or extra dimensions
‡ to study aspects of heavy ion collisions
› 


‡ Layer 1(che cracker)
‡ Layer 2(che Electromagnetic Calorimeter)
‡ Layer 3(che Hadronic Calorimeter)
‡ Layer 4(che aagnet)
‡ Layer 5(che muon detectors and return yoke)-co identify
muons & measure their momenta, CaS uses three types of
detector:
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ALICE-A Large Ion Collider Exp.

  
 
 
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LHCf-LHC forward
‡ Designed to study the particles generated in the "forward"
region of collisions, those almost directly in line with the
colliding proton beams.
‡ Intended to measure the energy and numbers of neutral pions
(ʍr) produced by the collider which will hopefully explain the
origin of ultra-high energy cosmic rays.
cOcEa-cotal Cross Section, Elastic
Scattering and Diffraction Dissociation
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LHCb-LHC beauty
 
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Data, data, data!!
che LHC will produce around
15 Petabytes
of data every year!
chat·s about 20 million CDs each year!

Where will we store all of these


data?
Answer is CERN Computer Centre
‡A functioning grid is Installed to help the LHC exp. collect and analyse
data coming from the detectors.
‡ High-throughput computing based on reliable ´commodityµ
technology.
‡ aore than 5000 PCs with around 20,000 processor cores.
‡ aore than 8 petabytes (8 million Gigabytes) of disk storage and 18
petabytes of magnetic tape storage.
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