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Architectural Design Process

• Design is a creative process to solve a problem.

• Design involves a lot of decisions

• It is composed of phases and steps


• Planning Phase: Research & Data gathering

• Generation Phase: Solution creation

• Evaluation Phase: Testing solution

Architectural Design Process (cont…)

Client Brief

Design Program Phase
Site Analysis
Zone Diagram

Bubble Diagram
Schematic Diagram Phase`

Volumetric Study

Preliminary Design
Phase Final Design
Architectural Design Process (cont…)

Client Brief

• The client has its own needs, testes and objectives

• Your task is to conceptualize and realize the client’s needs

• Client Brief includes

- Size - Religion - Aesthetical

- Age - Profession preference

-Gender - Functional

- Culture preference
Architectural Design Process (cont…)

Research (Literature Review)

• information gathering about the project

• Sources: books, case study, visit, internet

• Project Research includes

- Function - Spatial Relationship

- Standard Size - Special Requirements

- Furniture - Light, View ,Noise

- Fixture
Architectural Design Process (cont…)

Design Program

• a table consisting of space (room) types & their area

• based on Design Brief and Research

• E.g.
- Living + Dining Rm. …………..30m2

- Kitchen…………………………12m2

-Master Bed Rm. ……….……….20m2

• consult & check weather you attained the client’s need

Architectural Design Process (cont…)
Site Analysis
• identifying site conditions that affects the design
• these factors include
• Climate
• Circulation
• Urban Context
• Natural & Man made elements
• Sensory Features
• Zoning & Building Codes
Design Process: Zone Diagram
• spaces which have similar & related function form zone
• Zone 1( Living Zone) Lobby, Living Rm, Garage, Veranda etc

• Zone 2( Meal Zone) Kitchen, Dining Rm, Breakfast Rm etc

• Zone 3( Sleeping Zone) Master Bed, Ch. Bed, Bath Rm. Etc

• Zone 4( Utility Zone) Store, Laundry, Traditional kitchen etc

• Zoning helps to decide

-Location - Orientation -Privacy

-Level - Circulation
Design Process: Zone Diagram
Design Process: Bubble Diagram
• zone diagram provides rough layout & arrangement zones

• but it is bubble diagram that provides rooms/ spaces

- Relationship - Orientation
- Location - Circulation

• bubbles represent rooms/spaces

• arrows represent circulation
• bubble diagrams are floor plans in terms of bubbles
• try to develop as many bubble diagram as possible till you meet
different design requirements
Design Process: Bubble Diagram
Design Process: Schematic Diagram
• from the bubble diagram the schematic diagram develops

• schematic diagram is a one line drawing

• at this point, think also about the appearance of the bldg

• spaces start to get exact shape, size and location

• consider also the impact of design factors

• you try a number of schematic diagram untill you attain the

clients needs and tests
Design Process: Schematic Diagram
Design Process: Volumetric Study

• when the plan gets shape, start to visualize the form

• perspective or isometric drawings

• volumetric model

• apply elements of design

• elements of design

• principles of design

• make as many volumetric study as possible to come up with

aesthetical pleasing form

Design Process: Preliminary Design
• Develop the schematic diagram to preliminary design

• widening walls
• including openings

• structural elements

• adding furniture

• selecting interior and exterior finishing materials

• type of roof

• includes plans, section, elevations, site plan, 3Ds

Design Process: Final Design
• you show the preliminary design to your client

• after getting confirmation from client start preparation of

final design
• Final Design includes rendered, dimensioned and labled:
• Floor Plans
• Sections
• Elevations
• Site Plan
• 3D: Perspective or Model
Home Reading Assignment
Literature Review (Design Research)
Refer any written document on design of residential building and write a paper
containing the following issues:
•What is a house
•Types of house
•Orientation of a house
Site planning of a house
•Entrance, Foyer and Circulation in a house
•Zoning and Functional Flow in a house
•Functional & Aesthetical issues for each space in a house (Living Rm, Kitchen…..)
Activities in the spaces
Furniture in the spaces
Standard size of each spaces
Functional Relationship among spaces
Functional & Aesthetical Requirements of each spaces
oView, Light, Ventilation, Privacy…..
Submission Date
In Two Weeks: Tuesday March 15,2011
Full of illustrations (sample drawing)
20 marks