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THE

CONTINUING
RESISTANCE
Gen. Miguel Malvar Gen. Vicente Lukban
IN LUZON, 1905
• Batangas
• Cavite
» San Pedro Tanasan
» Parañaque
» Taal
» San Francisco de
Malabon

Gov. David Shanks


1907
-- Mass movement led by
Salvador Felipe or “Apo Ipe”.
-- Santa Iglesia Movement
Bulacan, Pampangga
Tarlac and Nueva Ecija

Simeon Mandac
Filipinization
--- initiated by Gov. Gen.
Francis Burton Harrison in
1913.
IN BICOL, 1902
Anti-colonial
resistance

Reconcentration
system
Gen. Simeon Ola Col. Harry Bandholtz
Dr. Trinidad Pardo de Tavera Vice Gov. Luke Wright
IN BICOL, 1902
Anti-colonial
resistance

Reconcentration September 22, 1903


system Signed an agreement
with Ola.
Gen. Simeon Ola Col. Harry Bandholtz
Judge James Blount & Judge Adam C. Carson
Chief Prosecutor James Ross

» Vagrancy Law
» Sedition Law of 1901
» Brigandage Act
IN VISAYAS, 1902
Samar
Samar and Leyte
June 10,1904
“Tauiran Affair”

“Cantaguic Affair”
Juliano Caducoy
Gen. Vicente Lukban Gen. William H. Carter
Pulahanes
- the name given to the insurrectos.
November 4, 1905

March 24, 1906


Col. Wallace Taylor, Curry
and pulahanes reached an
agreement.

Vice Gov. Henry Ide Gov. George Curry


» Nasario Aguilar
--- attacked the Constabulary garrison.

» “Magtaon Incident”
Leyte
June 1906
- Jaime de Veyra
- “the most obnoxious anti-Americans”
IN MINDANAO,
Surigao 1903 Misamis
May 1903
Misamis Insurrectos
Not bandits or
cutthroats
Civil Gov. Howard
Luther S. Kelly
Taft
BALANGIGA MASSACRE

Valeriano Abanador
THE MUSLIM STRUGGLE
August 20, 1899
- signing of Bates Treaty.

First governor of the


“Moro Province”
1904

Gen. Leonard Wood


Muslim armed response to imperialism can
be classified into the ethno-geographic
areas where it occurred:
» Lanao
» Cotabato
» Sulu
LANAO RESISTANCE
“Moro Resistance”
- Sajiduciman, Ampuanagus, Datu Grande.

Datu Grande Ampuanagus John Pershing


SULU RESISTANCE
Bates Treaty
first formal agreement
of U.S with the Muslims.

“Hassan Uprising”
PANGLIMA HASSAN,
1903

Datu Panglima Hassan Col. Hugh W. Scott


Pala » 1905-1906

» Datu Usap
» Paruka Utik
» Salip Masdal
» Maharaja Untung
Tausug Resistance » Jikiri
» Nakib Amir
BUD DAJO, 1906
JIKIRI, 1907
BUD BAGSAK, 1913
COTABATO RESISTANCE
1903-1912
» Datu Ali, 1903
» Datu Alamada, 1912
Highlander’s Reaction
» The Subanun Affair, 1909

Literature Resistance
Thank You
for
Listening!!!

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