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Detonating “Factors” and Prevalence of Suicidal Behavior in

Adolescents of the Caribbean, Dominican Republic

Stephani M. Álvarez Valerio M.D, Inocencio Paulino Méndez M.D, Charly Almonte Abreu M.D, José J. Zouain Cruz M.D, Jorge Hernández MD


Background: Suicidal behavior in many countries is still a taboo subject. This study presents the reality of a
Caribbean country, Dominican Republic, and shows us that the rate of suicidal behavior can no longer be • Indique los métodos y las descripciones aquí
ignored. That this is a real health issue that must be heard and addressed. This study analyzed the factors
associated with suicidal behavior in young people aged 14-19 years and the prevalence of such behavior. • Método 1
Method: The study was descriptive-cross-sectional, the information was collected through a self-report
survey containing several scales: Plutchik Suicide Risk Scale, Beck Hopelessness Scale, Crafft, and the • Método 2
family Apgar. Results: A total of 312 adolescents participated, 65.4% were women and 30.4% of the
participants were 16 years old. Of the total of participants, 42.3% presented suicidal behavior, 41.7% for • Método 3 Suicide Behavior
Suicide Behavior
suicidal ideation, whereas for suicide attempt 31.2% was obtained. The risk of suicide attempt was measured
using the Plutchik scale, in which 35.5% of the respondents presented a moderate to severe risk. Hopelessness
was observed in only 10% in this population. 52.2% of those who had had sex at an early age had suicidal
behavior (p of 0.016). Those who reported having been abused (18.0%), 69.8% had suicidal behavior (p of
0.000). For the current mood, at the time of the survey, those who were very sad and sad, had a higher
percentage of suicidal behavior (p of 0.000), the same went for those who said they presented sadness in the
last week prior to the survey. A 60.6% of those who did not feel comfortable with their school performance 31.20%
showed suicidal behavior (p of 0.002). Of the total of respondents who presented consumption of alcohol and 31.20%
Suicidal ideation
illicit substances, 73.8% presented suicidal behavior (P of 0.000). 80% of those with severe family 41.70% Suicidal ideation
dysfunction had suicidal behavior (p of 0.000). No relationship was found between sexual orientation of the Verbalization of suicidal idea
Verbalization of suicidal idea
participants and suicidal behavior (p 0.069). Conclusion: A statistically significant relationship was found Suicidal attemtp
between the majority of the factors studied and suicidal behavior. Therefore, these factors should be Encabezado Encabezado Encabezado Suicidal attemtp
emphasized because this is where much of the problem resides. These are preventable, but if the rate of
suicidal behavior is not addressed in adolescents, one can only observe as this behavior continues to climb 27.10%,
towards one of the leading causes of mortality in this population. Elemento 122 233 345

Elemento 759 856 290

Elemento 228 134 238

FONDO Elemento 954 875 976

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• Indique los objetivos aquí • Resultado 1 • Conclusión 1
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