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Wastewater is more commonly known as sewage.

Wastewater treatment is a vital part of making sure


that we live in a pleasant and healthy environment.
Wastewater typically contains pathogens, and
usually organic matter which allows the pathogens to
multiply, and absorbs oxygen from the water. It also
contains nutrients, which in the right context are
good, but in a natural water body can be very
damaging, in a process known as eutrophication.
we want fishable and swimable water. another
application is to prevent merciless use of ground water
whenever possible to make our reserve
sustainable.Appropriate technologies for wastewater
treatment may be capable of reducing the health and
environmental impact of wastewater. This may include
any of the following:
p lowering the amount of water that people use, which
would lower the amount of waste,
p treating the wastewater anaerobically with a Biogas
digester, which would extract energy from the waste
and reduce the volume
— Treating the sewage in a non-electric filter
sewage treatment plant system, or
— Nutrient removal, for nitrogen and
phosphorus.
comments-with our advanced living
standards, per capita water requirement is
bound to rise. we need to know intelligent
reuse of the same.
— anaerobic treatment needs high investment
and energy generated is less.
— nutrient removal is highly recommended
p Wastewater is treated in Wastewater Treatment plants.
There are two major types of wastewater treatment
plants, biological plants, and physical/chemical.
p R    are mainly used to treat combined
domestic and industrial wastewater from
municipalities. The biological plants use micro-
organisms to treat the waste water - almost the same
process that occurs naturally. However at the
biological treatment plants, the wastewater is being
treated under controlled conditions. This is to ensure
that the water is fully cleansed before it is placed back
into the environment
]ost of the time, j  
   are
used to treat industrial wastewater. This is because
they normally contain chemical pollutants that could
kill the micro-organisms in biological treatment
plants. The physical plant process, usually
treats suspended pollutants, rather than dissolved
pollutants
p A typical Wastewater Treatment Plant has a sequence
of individual unit processes. The unit process has an
output or effluent and an input or influent. With the
unit process, the effluent of one becomes the influent
of another. with a The first stages is a physical
processes that takes out the easily
removable pollutants. The pollutants left over are then
treated more advanced biological or chemical process.
The biological and chemical processes will then do one
of the following: