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Summary of responses to the pre-

workshop questionnaire on management


of fishing gear

Amparo Pérez
Fishing Operations and Technology Branch,
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations
Amparo.PerezRoda@fao.org
Pre-workshop questionnaire

Purpose: This questionnaire will assist understanding of the current practices,


procedures and policy of countries in Southeast Asia concerning efforts to prevent
and reduce abandoned, lost or otherwise discarded fishing gear (ALDFG), including
through best practice in fishing gear management and marine litter action plans. The
combined responses from all participating entities will be analyzed and discussed at
the FAO Workshop on the Best Practices to Prevent and Reduce ALDFG to provide a
foundation of knowledge to build upon during the Workshop and for
recommendations on the way forward at regional and international levels.

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 2
Pre-workshop questionnaire

I. PERCEPTIONS OF THE ISSUE

II. CURRENT SITUATION - EXISTING REGULATIONS AND


IMPLEMENTATION

III. WORKSHOP EXPECTATIONS

• Number respondents 13
• Regional perspective 3
• National perspective 8
• Local perspective 2
Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 3
I. PERCEPTIONS OF THE ISSUE

1-      Do you consider ALDFG to be an issue of concern for fisheries management in your area?

3 3
3

2 2
2

1 1 1
1

0
no
0 concern
0 0 some concern medium
0 0concern
0 high
0 concern
0 major concern
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL
Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 4
2-     What do you perceive to be the major concerns relating
to ALDFG in your area?
10
9 8
8
7 6
6
5 4 4 4 4
4 3 3 3 3 3
3 2 2 2 2 2 2 2
2 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
0
0 0 REGIONAL
NATIONAL
LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 5
3-      How aware would you consider the fishing community in
your area to be about the issue of ALDFG and their role in
preventing and reducing it?
6
5
5
4
3
2 2
2
1 1 1
1
0
0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 6
4-      When considering the issue of ALDFG what do you
believe to be the biggest challenges faced by your area?
8
7
7
6
5
5
4
4
3 3 3 3 3
3
2 2 2 2 2 2 22
2
1 1 1 1 11 11 1 1 1 1 REGIONAL
1
NATIONAL
0
0 0 00 0 00 00 0 0 000 LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 7
5 - To what extent does collaboration exist between different
line ministries (e.g. fisheries, environment, transport) in the context
of marine litter? 8
7
7
6
5
REGIONAL
4 NATIONAL
3 LOCAL

2
1 1 1 1 1
1
0
There is significant
0 0 collaboration 0

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 8
6 - Please list the relevant competent authority or authorities on marine litter issues (including
ALDFG) within your area.

- Ministry of Fisheries
- Ministry of Environment
- Port Authorities
- Municipalities/authorities responsible for waste management
- Department of Marine and Coastal Resources
- Shipping Authority
- Navy
- Ministry of Industry
- Ministry of Tourism

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 9
7. When considering the issue of ALDFG, do you think communication between national
fishing authorities and fishers (and vice versa) is effective to solve/inform about problems?

8
7
7
6
5
REGIONAL
4 NATIONAL
3 LOCAL
2
2
1 1 1 1
1
0
Yes No 0 I don’t
0 0 know 0Other
0 0
Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 10
8. When considering the issue of ALDFG, do you think
communication between national fishing authorities and regional
bodies is effective to solve/inform about problems?
9
8
8
7
6
5 REGIONAL
NATIONAL
4
LOCAL
3
2
2
1 1
1
0
Yes 0 No
0 I don’t
0 0 know
0 0Other
0 0
Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 11
II. CURRENT SITUATION - EXISTING REGULATIONS AND
IMPLEMENTATION
5 4
4
3 2 2 2 2
2 1
9. Are there fisheries management plans, projects or policies 1
in place or being developed in your area to implement COBSEA
0
Regional Action Plan on Marine Litter? ? 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0

REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 12
10. Where fisheries management plans, projects or policies exist, what issues have these focused on?

9 8
8
7
6 5
5 4
4
3 2
2 1 11 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
1
0
0 0 00 0 0 000 REGIONAL
NATIONAL
LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 13
10.1. Are there any funding mechanisms or development
programmes currently in place to support the implementation of
management plans, projects, policies or activities on
prevention/reduction/mitigation of ALDFG?
7
6
6 10.2. If yes to 10.1, please specify
5 what is the funding mechanism.
REGIONAL:
4 - Global Environment Facility
3 NATIONAL
2 - The project of Marking of Fishing Gear has been in
2 execution supported by the Ministry of Agriculture
1 1 1 1 1 and Rural Affairs P.R. China.
1
LOCAL:
0 - Indonesia has pledged up to $1bn a year to
Yes No 0 I don’t
0 know dramatically reduce the amount of plastic and other
waste products polluting its waters.
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 14
11. Do requirements exist 11.1. If yes, which mechanisms are
for reporting ALDFG? used to report ALDFG?
8
7 3
7
2
6 2
5 1 1 1
1
4
3 0
0 0
2
2
1 1 1
1
0
Yes 0 No

REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL


REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 15
12. Is information available in your
12.1. Is this information collected
area about fishing gear loss rates? and available by gear type?
2

8
7
7
REGIONAL:
6 Gillnet and trammel
net
5 1 1
1
4
NATIONAL:
3 Drift nets and traps
2 2
2
1 1
1
0
Yes 0 No 0
Yes 0 No
0
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 16
13. Is information collected and available from your area on the
causes of gear loss, abandonment or discarding?
9
8 13.1. If yes, please list the
8
7
most frequently cited causes
6 for gear loss in your area.
5
4 REGIONAL: Over-run by other boats;
3
2 2
damage by whale shark, dolphins,
2
1 pufferfish; fish shoals clogging the net;
1 obstruction by natural/manmade
0 structures; water currents; when stored
Yes
0 0 No
on beaches due to waves, erosion and
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL cyclones.

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 17
14. Is information available about ALDFG ‘hotspots’ or where
ALDFG accumulates?
9
8
8
7
6
5
4
3
2
2
1 1 1
1
0
Yes
0 No
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 18
15. Do requirements exist for the 15.1. If yes, how are such
marking of fishing gear in your area? requirements being monitored?
3

6 2
2 2

5 1
1 1 1
5
0
0 0 0 00
4
3 REGIONA
3 L
NATIONA
2 2 L
2
1
1

0
Yes 0 No
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 19
16.1. If yes, are these facilities are
16. Do requirements exist for ports to
provide reception facilities for fishing vessel free of charge or there is a fee in
waste? place to use them?
6 2.5

5 2
5 2

1.5
4
1 1
REGIONAL 1
3
NATIONAL
2 LOCAL 0.5
2
1 1 1 0
1 Facilities are free of0charge There is a use rate of…

0
Yes 0 No REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 20
17.1. If yes, are these facilities are
17. Do requirements exist for ports to
include specific reception facilities for old
free of charge or there is a fee in
fishing gear? place to use them?
8
7
7 2
6 1
1
5
0
4
rge f…0
a o
3 ch
ate
2 of e
r
e s
2 rf e a
u
e is
1
1 1 1
s ar re
e e
ic liti Th
0
Yes 0 No Fa
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL
REGIONAL NATIONAL LOCAL

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 21
III – WORKSHOP EXPECTATIONS

18. What three outputs would you like to see from the upcoming
Workshop?

19. In your area, what key areas of guidance or capacity-building


support is needed to increase efforts to prevent and reduce ALDFG?

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 22
III – WORKSHOP EXPECTATIONS

- Better understanding of ALDFG in the region (how to report


it, how to assess it…)

- Action/management plan to address ALDFG (suitable


policies, regulations, awareness raising)

- National, international and regional cooperation (learn


from others experience)

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 23
THANK YOU FOR YOUR ATTENTION!

Amparo.PerezRoda@fao.org

Amparo Pérez | FAO/GGGI Workshop on ALDFG and VGMFG | Bali, Indonesia | 8 - 11 July 2019 24