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Acid-Base Theories >

Arrhenius Theory Of Acid


and Base

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Arrhenius Acids and Bases

How did Arrhenius define an acid and


a base?

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Arrhenius said that acids are hydrogen-


containing compounds that ionize to
yield hydrogen ions (H+) in aqueous
solution. He also said that bases are
compounds that ionize to yield
hydroxide ions (OH–) in aqueous
solution.

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Hydrochloric Acid

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Arrhenius Acids

• Acids that contain one ionizable hydrogen,


such as nitric acid (HNO3), are called
monoprotic acids.

• Acids that contain two ionizable hydrogens,


such as sulfuric acid (H2SO4), are called
diprotic acids.

• Acids that contain three ionizable hydrogens,


such as phosphoric acid (H3PO4) are called
triprotic acids. Slide
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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Arrhenius Bases

Hydroxide ions are one of the products of the


dissolution of an alkali metal in water.

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

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19.1 Acid-Base Theories > Arrhenius Acids and Bases

Milk of magnesia is a base used as an antacid.

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Acid-Base Theories >

Neutralization Reaction

Reaction of an acid with a base to


produce salt and water.
Example
H2SO4 + NaOH  NaHSO4 + H2O

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