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A pressure switch is a form of switch that closes an electrical

contact when a certain set fluid pressure has been reached on its input.
The switch may be designed to make contact either on pressure rise or
on pressure fall. Pressure switches are widely used in industry to
automatically supervise and control systems that use pressurized fluids.
Pressure Sensor: A pressure sensor is a device for pressure measurement
of gases or liquids. Pressure is an expression of the force required to stop a
fluid from expanding, and is usually stated in terms of force per unit area. A
pressure sensor usually acts as a transducer; it generates a signal as a
function of the pressure imposed. A pressure transducer or pressure
transmitter converts pressure into an analog electrical signal.
Pressure and Unit of Pressure
Pressure is defined as force per unit area.
 Propertiesof Liquid (Height, weight, specific gravity)
 Properties of Gas or Vapor
 Pressure Measurement Scale
 Gage pressure scale
 Absolute pressure scale
 Differential pressure scale
 Vacuum pressure scale
One atmosphere (101 kPa or 14.7 psi) is also the pressure caused by
the weight of a column of fresh water of approximately 10.3 m (33.8
Various Pressure Unit:
m of water
lb/in2 or PSI
Pressure Regulator
Steam Boiler
Relay: A relay is an electromagnetic switch consisting with a coil and two terminals
called normally open (NO) and Normally close (NC). When a small electric current
flows through the coil, the terminals state changes each to another.
It is an electromagnetic switch operated by a relatively small electric current that can
turn on or off a much larger electric current. The heart of a relay is an electromagnet
(a coil of wire that becomes a temporary magnet when electricity flows through it).
Relay Pin Configuration:
Relay Pin Configuration:
Relay Configuration:
Magnetic Contactor
Magnetic contactor: A Magnetic contactor is an electrically controlled switch used
for switching an electrical power circuit, similar to a relay except with higher
current ratings
Difference Between Relay & Magnetic Contactor

Relay: Magnetic Contactor

Single Phase Application. Three Phase Application.
Consist of a NO, NC and Common. Consist of a Coil, 3 NO (Normally)
When coil get energized common When coil get energized 3 Phases will
switches from NC to NO. switches to output.