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Chapter 4 Lesson 1

Presented by:
Carl Janzell N. Oropesa
Prince Zydrick Salazar
“You think you own whatever land you land on.
The Earth is just a dead thing you can claim.
But I know every rock and tree and creature
Has a life, has a spirit, has a name.”

- Stephen Schwartz, “Colors of the Wind”

 Personally, how do you regard the things in the
environment? As objects to make life more comfortable?
As means to fulfill your needs? As a gift?

 What does “observe prudence and frugality towards the

environment” mean to you?

 What is your opinion regarding the various

environmental movements you hear about? Do you think
their actions create impact on saving our environment?
There are 3 main approaches of
understanding our relationship
with the environment

1. Cosmo-centric approach

2. Theocentric approach

3. Anthropocentric approach
Cosmo-centric Approach

 Cosmo-centric is a belief that the natural state of our
universe should remain as it is, without human
attempts to terraform planets for human habitation.
Heraclitus' theory can be understood as a response
to the philosophy of his Ionian predecessors.

 Mainstream science does not yet acknowledge the

existence of qi (chi), the invisible life energy of the
universe that is said to flow through all things.
Cosmo-centric Approach

Qi, also called prana
 Cosmo-centric by yoga
is a belief practitioners,
that the natural stateseems to
of our
exist somehow
universe shouldbetween
remain as theitworlds of mind
is, without and
body. Thetoancient
attempts masters
terraform speak
planets for of it as ahabitation.
human kind of
fluidic energy
Heraclitus' that can
theory is regulated by controlled
be understood as a response
breathing and mental
to the philosophy intention.
of his Ionian predecessors.
Theocentric Approach

Anthropocentric Approach