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NURSING CARE OF A

FAMILY WITH AN
ADOLESCENT

REPORTERS:
GROUP NO. 2

SEPTEMBER 24, 2019


ADOLESCENT
 Period between 13 and up to 20 years, a time
that serves as a transition between childhood
and becoming a late adolescent.
 Divided into early period (13-14 years), a
middle period (15-16 years) and a late period
(17-20 years.
 The drastic change in physical appearance
and the change in expectations of others
(especially parents) that occur during this
period can lead to both emotional and physical
health concerns.
GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT
 PHYSICAL GROWTH: Boys typically grow
about 4-12 in. and gain about 15-65 lb, while
girls grow 2-8 in. and gain 15-55 lb.
 Growth stops with the closure of epiphyseal
lines of the long bones.
 May have insufficient energy and become
fatigue.
 The activation of many glands in the body
that is responsible for stimulating different
hormones.
 Teeth: gain their second molars (13 years of
age), and their third molars (wisdom teeth,
between 18 and 21 years of age).
 Puberty: capable of sexual reproduction. A
girl begins to menstruate and a boy begins to
produce spermatozoa (11-14 years).
 Secondary Sex Changes: Body hair
configuration and breast growth are those
characteristics that distinguish the sexes
from each other. (Please refer to table 33.1,
page 888)
DEVELOPMENTAL MILESTONES
 EMOTIONAL DEVELOPMENT
 Identity vs. Role confusion
 Body Image
 Self –Esteem
 Value System
 Social Coupling
 Career Decisions
 Emancipation From Parents
 Intimacy vs. Isolation
 Socialization
o COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENT
o MORAL AND SPIRITUAL DEVELOPMENT
HEALTH PROMOTION
 PROMOTING ADOLESCENT SAFETY
 PROMOTING NUTRITIONAL HEALTH

> Recommended dietary reference intakes


> Promoting nutritional health with a varied
diet
> Vegetarian diet
> Glycogen loading
 PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT OF
ANADOLESCENT IN DAILY ACTIVITIES
> Dress and Hygiene
> Care of Teeth
 PROMOTING DEVELOPMENT OF
ANADOLESCENT IN DAILY ACTIVITIES
> Dress and Hygiene
> Care of Teeth
> Sleep
> Exercise
> Sun exposure

 PROMOTING HEALTHY FAMILY


FUNCTIONING
COMMON HEALTH PROBLEMS
 HYPERTENSION

 POOR POSTURE
 BODY PIERCING AND TATTOOS

 FATIGUE

 MENSTRUAL IRREGULARITIES

 ACNE

 OBESITY
CONCERNS REGARDING
SEXUALITY AND SEXUAL
ACTIVITY
 Engagement in sexual risk behaviors can
have unintended health outcomes, including
pregnancies and sexually transmitted
infections such as HIV.
 Counseling can assist adolescents improve
their perspective and also learn how to say
no.
 Information on date rape and rape
prevention should be provided as adolescents
are in a high-risk age group
CONCERNS REGARDING HAZING
OR BULLYING
 Bullying begun in the school age and can
easily continue to adolescent
 Hazing is a form of bullying which demean or
humiliate rituals that prospective members
have to undergo to join sororities,
fraternities, adolescent gangs, and sports
team.
 Parents must be aware of what clubs or
organization their adolescent has joined and
help them to make sound decisions.
CONCERNS REGARDING
SUBSTANCE USE DISORDER
 Types of abused substances:
 Prescription and over-the-counter drugs
 Alcohol
 Tobacco
 Marijuana
 Amphetamines
 Cocaine
 Hallucinogens
 Opiates
 CONCERNSREGARDING
DEPRESSION AND SELF-INJURY

 CONCERNSOF THE
ADOLESCENT AND FAMILY
WITH UNIQUE NEEDS
 Homeless or Runaway youth
 A physically challenged or chronically
ill adolescent
THANK YOU!!!