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American methods of instruction

were ensured by bringing in


hundreds of American teachers
called Thomasites in 1901

Vocational training in
housekeeping and household arts
was made an important element
of girls’ education in the
Philippines
Elvessa Ann Stewart

ØA graduate of the University of


Nebraska, she went to the
Philippines as a teacher in 1913.

ØSuperintendent of Home
Economics in the Bureau of
Education in Manila in 1929.
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For 20 years, Domestic
training had flourished in
Filipino Schools starting with
“ Sewing, cooking and
housekeeping.”
1920
Girls in grade 5 to 7 were required to devote
80 minutes a day to Home Economics
activities which included:
Cooking
Sewing
Housekeeping
Sanitation
Home Nursing
Infant Care
Food Selection
Embroidery
Lacemaking
During 1941…
Every secondary girl was required to have at
least one year of home economics before
graduation.
Required subjects included nutrition and child
care.
Teachers of Intermediate Home Economics
were required to be graduates of the Philippine
Normal School or the equivalent, which
required 3 years of study beyond secondary
level
Home
Economics:
Today and
tomorrow
 Professionals continue to
practice in many venues
including secondary teaching,
college and university teaching
and research and outreach
through cooperative extension
programs.
 K to 12 Program
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