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Learning Competencies:

 Describe the parts of the reproductive system and


their functions;
 Describe the changes that occur during puberty;
 Explain the menstrual cycle
 Give ways of taking care of the reproductive
organs
Human Reproductive
Organ
Parts of Female Reproductive
Parts and its Functions:
Ovaries

 The ovaries are a pair of small


glands about the size and shape
of almonds, located on the left
and right sides of the pelvic body
cavity lateral to the superior
portion of the uterus. 
 Ovaries produce female sex
hormones such as estrogen and
progesterone as well as ova
(commonly called “eggs”), the
female gametes.
Fallopian Tubes

 The fallopian tubes are a
pair of muscular tubes that
extend from the left and
right superior corners of the
uterus to the edge of the
ovaries.

 The fallopian tubes end in a


funnel-shaped structure
called the infundibulum,
which is covered with small
finger-like projections called
Uterus

 The uterus is a hollow,
muscular, pear-shaped
organ located posterior and
superior to the urinary
bladder.

  the uterus is also known


as the womb, as it
surrounds and supports the
developing fetus during
pregnancy. 
Vagina

 The vagina is an elastic,
muscular tube that connects the 
cervix of the uterus to the
exterior of the body. It is located
inferior to the uterus and
posterior to the urinary bladder
.
  It also serves as the birth canal
by stretching to allow delivery of
the fetus during childbirth.
During menstruation, the
menstrual flow exits the body via
the vagina.
Changes that occur during puberty(girls)

 During puberty your ovaries get bigger and your


body will start to produce two hormones - estrogen
and progesterone.
 Estrogen causes your breast to grow and helps your
vagina, uterus and fallopian tubes to develop. It also
makes you grow taller and also changes the way fat
is stored on your body making your waist, hips and
buttocks more obvious.
 After puberty, estrogen and progesterone control
your menstrual cycle or period.
Changes that occur during puberty(girls)

 The vulva, vagina and nipples get bigger and the


breasts begin to develop, sometimes unevenly.

 Other changes include pubic hair appearing and a


vaginal discharge - an increase in the mucous
produced in the vagina.
Menstrual cycle

 The menstrual cycle is


complex and is controlled by
many different glands and the
hormones that these glands
produce. A brain structure
called the hypothalamus
causes the nearby pituitary
gland to produce certain
chemicals, which prompt the
ovaries to produce the sex
hormones estrogen and
progesterone.
Ways of Taking Care of Female
Reproductive System

 Wash the sex organs with soap and water daily.


 Change underwear as often as necessary.
 Wear only clean underwear.
 Avoid using somebody else’s underwear.
 Avoid using dirty toilets especially in public places.
Thank You!