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STEPS IN ITEM ANALYSIS

ITEM ANALYSIS
1.Check the test paper of each student and
assign their corresponding score.
2. Arrange the test paper from highest to
lowest.
3. Get one- third (1/3) of the paper from the
highest scores (high group) and one- third
(1/3) from the lowest scores (low group).
Set aside the middle group.
4. Calculate the index of difficulty and
discrimination index.
ITEM ANALYSIS

5. Critically evaluate the questions based on

the indices obtained.
ITEM ANALYSIS

• DIFFICULTY INDEX

• DIFFICULTY INDEX = (H + L)100/N

• express in decimal
ITEM ANALYSIS

H- Number of students who selected the

correct answer in the high group
L- Number of students who selected the
correct answer in the low group
N- Total number of students in these two
groups.
ITEM ANALYSIS

• 91 -100 Very Easy

• 76 - 90 Easy
• 25 - 75 Average
• 10 – 24 Difficult
• 0 -9 Very Difficult
ITEM ANALYSIS

• DISCRIMINATION INDEX = (RH-RL)/NG

• RH – RIGHT RESPONSE OF THE HIGH
GROUP
• RL – RIGHT RESPONSE OF THE LOW
GROUP
• NG – NUMBER OF STUDENTS IN EACH
GROUP
EXAMPLE: 39 STUDENTS

ite correct gr a b c d difficulty remar discriminati remar

m answer ou index ks on index ks
no. p

upper (15/26) 100 = 58 9-6 = 3/13 =0.23

1 d lowerr 9 avera margi
6 ge nal
upper (14/26) 100 = 54 9-5 = 4/13 = 0.30
2 c lower 9 avera good
5 ge
upper (6/26) 100 = 23 4 - 2 = 2/13 = 0.15
3 d lower 4 avera poor
2 ge
upper 10 - 5 = 5/13 = 0.38
4 d lower 10 (15/26) 100 = 58 avera excell
s
5 ge ent
MASTERY LEVEL
MPS DESCRIPTIVE
EQUIVALENT
96 - 100 Mastered
86 - 95 Closely Towards Mastery
66 - 85 Moving Towards Mastery
35 - 65 Average
15 - 34 Low
5 - 14 Very Low
0-4 Absolutely no Mastery