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ELECTROMAGNETISM 2

Factors affecting
Induced EMI
Objectives:
Discuss terms related to electromagnetic
induction.
Cite the factors affecting Induced EMF
Explain terms and process related magnetic
effect of electric current.
G4: Improvised Speaker Generator
ELICIT
ENGAGE
WORD WAR GAME
Guess the right words using the jumbled
letters and description below.
GEMANTIC FIDEL
It is region of magnetic influence

around the magnets or present on
flowing current on a conductor and
detected by compass.

MAGNETIC FIELD
CENTRUR
Refers to the flow of
charges and electricity.

CURRENT
GELATOV
It is the force that pushes
charges or current to flow.
(EMF)
VOLTAGE
TROCELEGEMANTIC
CINDUTION
A process by which moving charge
creates a magnetic field or; moving
magnetic field toward A coil of wire
creates electricity/ induced current.

Electromagnetic
induction
COLTGERMENATE
A coil of wire where in electric current is
passed through and wrapped around a metal
core which produced a very strong magnetic
field.
Usually found on speakers, and other
electrical appliances.

ELECTROMAGNET
CLECTIRE TROOM
A device used to convert electrical
energy to mechanical energy and
are the primary components of
equipments such Blower, food
mixer and blender.

ELECTRIC MOTOR
FORTMANERRS
A device found on large power
plants and high voltage post which
are used to convert the voltage by
inducing an increase or decreased
EMF on two coil of wires.

TRANSFORMER
CURRENT
• The flow of electrons from
one place to another.
• Measured in amperes (amps)

VOLTAGE
• The flow of electricity in
current electricity has
electrical pressure or voltage.
• Electromotive Force (EMF)
• Measured in unit of Volts
ELECTROMAGNETISM
A MOVING CHARGE CREATES A MAGNETIC
FIELD
Hans Christian • Michael Faraday
Oersted Electromagnetic
•Magnetic effect of induction
electric current
ELECTROMAGNETISM
A MOVING CHARGE CREATES A MAGNETIC
FIELD
In 1819, Hans Christian Oersted (ˈƏr-stəd), a
professor in the University of Copenhagen,
discovered during a class demonstration that a
current carrying wire caused a nearby magnetized
compass needle to deflect
Act. 8: Straight current-carrying wire
RIGHT HAND RULE

 A moving charge creates a magnetic


Current flow direction
field
 When a charged particle is in motion – of thumb –
a magnetic force field perpendicular to Magnetic filed – fingers
the motion is created
ELECTROMAGNET IS CREATED BY:

SOLENOID: Current flowing


through coil of wire

Putting a magnet in the


middle of the coil of wire
increases the strength of the
electromagnet’s magnetic
field
What is an electromagnet?
When an electric current is passed through a coil of wire
wrapped around a metal core, a very strong magnetic
field is produced. This is called an electromagnet.
HOW ELECTRIC & MAGNETIC FIELDS
INTERACT

Faraday discovered that the


magnetic lines of force and the wire
must have a motion relative to each
other to induce an electrical current
ELECTROMAGNETIC INDUCTION
Moving a wire through a magnetic field will induce
a current (Faraday)
Moving a magnet through a coil of wire will induce
an electrical current
OBSERVE the following:
When magnet is move in and
out?
When movement is increased?
When number of turns is
changed (N)?
When the different pole is
introduced?
“Faraday’s Laws : or
how to increase the strength of the induced c
urrent
Increase the Strength of field or size of
magnet (B)
Increase the SPEED of motion (v)
Increase the Number of Turns of coil (N)
Change the ANGLE (more
perpendicular)
Transformers
A transformer is a device used to change the
voltage in a circuit. AC currents must be used.

75,000 V in the 120 V in your


power lines p = primary house

s = secondary
 Transformers are
extremely useful because
they efficiently change
voltage and current,
while providing the same
total power.
 The transformer uses
electromagnetic
induction, similar to a
generator.
SAMPLE PROBLEM:
A water pond transformer changes 220 V
across the primary to 12 V across the
secondary. If the secondary coil has 10
turns, how many turns does the
primary coil have?
ASSIGNMENT:
Preparation for Laboratory Experiment
Activity 8: Magnetic Field around a
Conductor Part A ( G1,3,5) &B (G2,4,6)
MATERIALS:
Zesto box/ card board
6 sets of books
4 AA Eveready/Energizer battery
Electric tape
Copper wire
Long nose plier and sand paper
Old metal hanger
Switch
Compass (Provided)
FOR Act.8-B: Same materials except Compass with rubber band
coating.
Activity 8: Magnetic Field around a
Conductor Part A ( G1,3,5) &B (G2,4,6)
OBJECTIVES: (p.110-114)
Using a compass, explore the magnetic field around
current-carrying conductors.
Using the compass to determine the direction of the
magnetic field relative to the direction of current
through:
a) Straight current carrying conductor
b) A current-carrying coil.
DC Motor vs. DC Generator
OBJECTIVES:
Explain the parts and function of generator
& dc motor
Compare a DC Motor from a DC Generator.
Make a simulation model of DC Generator
and Motors.
What are electric motors?
An electric motor is a device which changes electrical
energy into mechanical energy.
How does an electric motor work?
DC Motors
Flemming’s Rul
e Compared

Generators
 A generator is a device that uses induction to
convert mechanical energy into electrical energy.
SOURCES:

• http://www.slideshare.net/vigyanashram/3-basic-electricity
• http://physics.tutorvista.com/electri...
• https://giphy.com/gifs/magnetism-7aYbPL58Xd0wU
• http://www.focusnews.co/electric-motor-diagram.html
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=XiHVe8U5PhU
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yiXgYg17N0o
• https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MRqQQGO7Xe8
• Bulos, E.B. (2004) Worktext in Electromagnetism. National
Book Store. Mandaluyong City, Phil. P. 63-66
• Science Learner’s Material 10. (2015) DepEd. Philippines
THANK YOU