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Who is a child?
What is child labor?
Causes of child labor.
How many are there?
Child labor in statistics.
Child labor in India.
Regulation and prohibition act.
Who is a child?

A “child” is not necessarily

delineated by a fixed age.

According to the scientists, it is

impossible to determine the
abilities and maturities of children
by his/her calender age.
What is child labor?

 “Child labour” is generally speaking, work for children

that harms them or exploits them in someway
(physically, mentally, morally or by blocking access to

 It is the work that exceeds a minimum number of hours

depending on the age of a child and on the type of work.
Causes of child labor
 Overexploitation of population.
 Decrease of resources.
 Decrease in literacy.
 Increase of poverty.
 Increase of unemployment.
 Lack of schooling and daily care.
 Limited choices for women.
How many are there?
 61% in Asia, 32% in Africa, and 7% in Latin
America, 1% in US, Canada, Europe and
other wealthy nations.
 In Asia, 22% of the workforce is children. In
Latin America, 17% of the workforce is
 246 million child workers aged 5 and 17
were involved in child labor.
 Out of which 171 million were involved in
work that by its nature is hazardous.
 According to certain experts approximately
10 million bonded children labourers are
working as dome In South Asia.
 Beyond this there are almost 55 million bonded
child labourers hired across various other
 Less than 5% of child laborers make products for
export to other countries.
Child labor statistics

One in every six children aged 5 to 17

worldwide is exploited by child labor.
There are approximately 9 million
children involved in the unconditional
worst forms of child labor.
In Sub-Saharan Africa around one in
three children are engaged in child
labor, representing 69 million children.
In South Asia, another 44 million are
engaged in child labor.
Child labor in India
 INDIA accounts for the second highest number
where child labor in the world.

 Africa accounts for the highest number of

children employed and exploited.

 According to certain experts approximately 10

million bonded children laborers are working
as domestic servants in India.

 Beyond this there are almost 55 million

bonded child laborers hired across various
other industries. 
Regulation and prohibition act
 This was declared by the parliament on 23rd
December, 1986.
It includes Prohibition of
employment of children in certain
occupations and processes.
 No child shall be employed or permitted to
work in any of the occupations which are
hazardous by its nature.
The social malady of child labor can be
brought under control, if each individual
takes responsibility of reporting about
anyone employing a child below the age
of 14years.
Thus, instead of ignoring on should find
out about reporting child labor and how
such children can actually be saved. 
Child labor can be controlled if the
government functions effectively with
the support of the public.