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Presented By:

Odessa F.
Dysangco
Teacher 1
Environmental
Science
A biogeochemical cycle is the
continual recycling of nutrients
 (water, carbon, oxygen, nitrogen,
phosphorus, sulphur) from the
abiotic components of the
ecosystem (water, air, soil, rock)
through the biotic components
(plants, animals, fungi, bacteria)
 BIO= “LIFE”
 GEO = “EARTH”
 CHEMICAL = “ELEMENTS” SUCH AS
CARBON, OXYGEN, NITROGEN,
SULFUR, PHOSPHORUS
WATER
CYCLE
WORD SEARCH
W W P W R T O U Y I P Q A Y
P E V A P O R A T I O N F G
R S Y O D V Z M B N O K A M
E D E R N S Y D Z I B Y U I
C O N D E N S A T I O N A P
I H J M Q W E A R T Y U I O
P A S G H H L N L Z X C V B
I N M Q W O R T Y U U I P O
T A S D C H F H J A D S W M
A P R R C I P I T A T D O N
T P E F G H R E W T Y I N Z
I P W T C Y U P C V B N H M
O T R A N S P I R A T I O N
N W S X D F G H U Y P K L Y
W W P W R T O U Y I P Q A Y
P E V A P O R A T I O N F G
R S Y O D V Z M B N O K A M
E D E R N S Y D Z I B Y U I
C O N D E N S A T I O N A P
I H J M Q WT E A R T Y U I O
P A S G H H L N L Z X C V B
I N M Q W O R T Y U U I P O
T A S D C H F H J A D S W M
A P R R C I P I T A T D O N
T P E F G H R E W T Y I N Z
I P W T C Y U P C V B N H M
O T R A N S P I R A T I O N
N W S X D F G H U Y P K L Y
 Water is the only substance which has
a tendency to exist in all three forms
of matter: solid, liquid and gas. It also
exists at all temperatures on earth,
and easily changes from one form
into another.

 Because water has this unique


behavior water is available to us or
else all the water would be pulled by
the force of gravity acting downwards.
 Water when gets in touch with the
atmosphere it evaporates, as the
rate of evaporation depends on
air temperature, water
temperature, wind speed and
humidity of the air.
 The amount of water vapor in the
air is called the relative humidity
and for a given temperature there
is a set amount of water that the
air can hold.
 The warmer the air is, the more water it can
hold. Water evaporates and moves upward
where there is warm air until the temperature
is low enough and it cannot hold any more
water. At this level the water vapor condenses
to form clouds.

 Droplets of water in the clouds condense on


dust particles till they are huge enough hold
against the force of gravity’s pull and fall on
the ground.
 This precipitation falls anywhere on a place
far from the land area where the water
initially evaporated, due to wind movement,
and so water forms all over the earth are
always being replenished.
 Oceans and ponds are not the only sources
from which water enters the air. Water
evaporates from everything that is wet. Water
in a container, clothes drying, water spilt on
the floor, leaves, a swimming pool, puddles
after a rain shower, a steamy bathroom after
our shower, all of these are sources of water
for evaporation.
 NUMBER
SEQUENCING:
 What is the
first stage of
WATER
CYCLE? Write
in white board
 Groundwater- is water that sinks into the soil
and is stored in aquifers.
An aquifer is a groundwater storage area.
 Percolation-is the process of a liquid slowly
passing through a filter; rainfall seeps
underground through this process; this helps
replenish aquifers under the ground.
 Sublimation- transition of a substance directly
from the solid to the gas phase without
passing through the liquid phase ex. Iceberg
 Transpiration-process of water movement
through a plant and its evaporation from
aerial parts, such as leaves, stems and flowers.
Precipitation – water falls to the earth as rain,
snow, sleet or hail.
Evaporation – water changes from a liquid to a
gas as it is heated from the sun.
Condensation- water vapor changes from a gas
to a liquid and forms little water droplets as it
cools.
Run off- water drains from a high point of land
and flows into an existing body of water.
Accumulation – water collects on the earth’s
surface such as oceans, streams and lakes.
Transpiration- water is absorbed by a plant,
carried through to the leaves, and then turned
into water vapor and released into the
atmosphere.
 Withdrawing large quantities of freshwater for
agriculture leading to groundwater depletion.

 Clearing vegetation for agriculture, roads,


building, and mining.

 Covering land with buildings and concrete


which increases runoff, and prevents water from
becoming ground water.

 Altering the quality of the water by the addition


of nutrients from chemicals and pollutants.
Formative assessment:
1. Condensation
2. Condensation
3. Precipitation
4. Evaporation
5. Evaporation
6. Precipitation
7. Condensation
8. Precipitation
9. Precipitation
10.Condensation
11.Evaporation
12.Condensation
 CREATE
A POSTER BOARD
FEATURING WATER CYCLE.

 YOU
CAN USE RECYCLABLE
MATERIALS IN PORTRAYING
THE STAGES OF WATER
CYCLE
Water cycle –
drawing; Individual;
***Provide ways on
how to conserve
water.
Carbon Cycle
 Clearing trees therefore, the trees cannot
remove the carbon dioxide from the air
 Burn fossil fuels which release a large amount
of carbon into the air
NITROGEN
CYCLE
 Nitrogen in the air is in the form of N2 which is
unusable to plants and animals. The N2 needs to
be converted to a useable form – this is done by 1)
lightening and 2) bacteria in the water and soil.

 Nitrogen fixation – bacteria in the soil convert N2


to NH3 so that plants can use it
 Nitrification – bacteria take the NH3 and turn it
into nitrite (NO2 - toxic) and nitrate (NO3) ions
 Assimilation – Plants absorb the ammonia and
nitrate; animals get nitrogen by eating plants
 Ammonification – decomposer bacteria take
animal and plant wastes and turn it into ammonia
 Denitrification – ammonia is converted into nitrites
and nitrates and then to N2 where it is released
into the air
 Plants need nitrogen in the form of nitrates to
make nucleic acids (DNA) and amino acids.
 Burning fuel releases nitric oxide (NO) which
converts to (HNO3) in the atmosphere and falls
back to the earth as acid rain
 Using inorganic fertilizers which releases N2O
(nitrous oxide) into the atmosphere which
depletes the ozone layer
 Destroy forests, grasslands, and wetlands which
releases the N in the soil and the plants
 Agricultural runoff and sewage goes into
waterways and the nitrates disrupt the aquatic
ecosystems
 When working with crops (irrigating, harvest,
burn to create room for) nitrogen is taken from
the topsoil.
PHOSPHORUS
CYCLE
 Mining for phosphate rock to make inorganic
fertilizers
 Cutting down tropical trees reduces the
amount of phosphorus in the tropical soil
 Runoff from animal wastes, fertilizers, and
sewage add phosphorus to aquatic systems
SULFUR CYCLE
 Burning coal and oil to create electricity which
releases sulfur into the air
 Refining petroleum to create gasoline
 Creating metals from ores

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