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Objectives:

 describe the competence in manoeuvring the ship at the


operational and management level; and
 differentiate the context and extent of responsibility
under the competence of manoeuvring the ship as per
Table A-II/1 and Table A-II/2 of the STCW Code.
Table A-II/1 – Operational Table A-II/2 – Management
level level

 Manoeuvre the ship  Manoeuvre and handle a


ship in all condition
Operational level Management level
Ship manoeuvring and handling Manoeuvring and handling a ship in all
Knowledge of: conditions including;
1. the effects of deadweight, 1. manoevres when approaching pilot
draught, trim, speed and station and embarking or
under keel clearance on disembarking pilots with due regard
turning circles and stopping to weather, tide, headreach and
distances stopping distances.
2. the effects of wind and 2. handling ship in rivers, estuaries
current on ship handling and restricted waters having regard
to the effects of current, wind and
3. manuevres and procedures for restricted water on helm response
the rescue of person
overboard 3. application of constant-rate-of-turn
techniques
4. squat, shallow water and
similar effects 4. Manoeuvring in shallow water,
including the reduction in under-
5. proper procedures for keel clearance caused by squat,
anchoring and mooring rolling and pitching
KUP
Management and handling of ships in
Management level - cont…
12.
heavy weather…
Manoeuvring and handling a ship in all 13. Precautions in manoeuvring to launch
conditions including; rescue boats or survival craft in heavy
5. Interaction between passing ships and weather
between own ship and nearby banks 14. Methods of taking onboard survivors
(canal effect) from rescue boats or survival craft
6. Berthing and unberthing under various 15. Ability to determine the manoevring and
conditions of wind, tide and current with propulsion characteristics of common
and without tugs ships…
7. Ship and tug interaction 16. Importance of navigating at reduced
8. Use of propulsion and manoeuvring speed to avoid damage caused by own
systems ship’s bow wave and stern wave
9. Choice of anchorage; anchoring in with 17. Practical measure to be taken when
one or two anchors in limited navigating in or near ice or in condition
anchorages and factors involved in of ice accumulation on board
determining the length of anchor cable 18. Use of, and manoevring in and near
to be used traffic separation schemes, and in
10. Dragging anchor and clearing dragged vesse; traffic service (VTS) area.
anchor
11. Dry-docking, both with and without
damage
METHODS FOR DEMONSTRATING
COMPETENCE

Operational level Management level


Examination and assessment of Examination and assessment of
evidence obtained from one evidence obtained from one or
or more of the following; more of the following;
1. approved in-service 1. approved in-service
experience experience
2. approved training ship 2. approved simulator training,
experience where appropriate
3. approved simulator training, 3. approved manned scale ship
where appropriate model, where appropriate
4. approved training on a
manned scale ship model,
where appropriate
CRITERIA FOR EVALUATING COMPETENCE

Operational level Management level


• Safe operating limits of ship • All decisions concerning berthing
propulsion, steering and and anchoring are based on
power systems are nit proper assessment of the ship’s
manoeuvring and engine
exceeded in normal
characteristics and the forces to
manoeuvres be expected while berthed
• Adjustments made to the alonside or lying at anchor
ship’s course and speed to • While under way a full
maintain safety of navigation assessment is made of possible
effects of shallow and restricted
waters, ice, banks, tidal
conditions, passing ships and own
ship’s bow and stern waves so
that the ship can be safely
manoeouvred under various
conditins of loading and weather
CONCLUSION:
 The competence required by Table A-II/1 to operational
level in regard to ship maneuvering and handling function is
different compared to management level required by Table
A-II/2 where in management level required to execute
competence in ship handling in all conditions where
operational level does not.

 Column 2 on Table A-II/1 required KUP for operational level


a KNOWLEDGE in basic understanding in regards to ship
maneuvering and handling, while in column 2 on Table A-
II/2 required management level required KUP in
MANOEUVERING AND HANDLING A SHIP IN ALL CONDITIONS.

 In the KUP column we can say that in operational level 5


knowledge is what are indicated unlike in management level
there were 18 area with skills in ship handling.
 In the methods for demonstrating competence there were 4
requirement for operational while 3 for management. Therefore,
the demonstration for operational level were acquired in
cadetship experience while in management level were gained
from required experience as officer. The level of experience is
much higher than what is measured between the two.

 The level of responsibility between operational and


management level is very much different, especially when it
comes to decision making in manoeuvring the ship. The
operational level can be the basics and the management level is
the advance. It shows that in operational level that you are the
support of the management level officers. For example, during
bad weather, piloting, anchoring, berthing/ unberthing
operation and navigating in restricted waters.

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