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EDUC 17 History of

Educational

Educational Technology 2
Technology

HISTORY OF
EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY
Educational
Technology
Objectives: History of
Educational
 To identify events and devices of the Technology
past that contributed to the
technological revolution.
 To examine the organizations and their
viewpoints that have shaped technology
use in the classroom today.
 To prepare for the future in educational
technology by analyzing current trends
and advances.
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
“Technology is commonly thought Technology

in terms of gadgets, instruments,


machines and devices … most
(educators) will defer to
technology as computers.”
(Muffoletto, 1994)

TEA
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
The history of “Educational technology Technology
… can be traced back to the time when
tribal priests systemized bodies of
knowledge, and early cultures invented
pictographs or sign writing to record and
transmit information.”
(Paul Saettler, 1990)
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
Printed type

The invention of the late 15th century gave rise to


some of the first forms of mass communication, by
enabling the publication of books and newspapers History of
Educational
on a scale much larger than was previously Technology
possible. It transformed the way the world received
printed materials, although books remained too
expensive really to be called a mass-medium for at
least a century after that.
1635 Founding of the first
public schools

History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology

1901 Radio signals sent across Atlantic


History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
History of
Educational
Technology
Educational
Technology
During the Middle Age Advent History of
Educational
of Scholastic Philosophy, Technology
Pierre Abelard introduced a
technology of instruction
which was really a new
method of structuring and
presenting materials that
helped set the style of
scholastic education.
Educational
Technology
History of
Comenius, Pestalozzi, Froebel, Herbart Educational
Technology
and Montessori contributed their own
concept on educational technology
improving educative process.
John Amos Comenius was recognized as
the pioneer of modern instructional
technology by reason of his book Orbis
Pictus (The World in Picture) which was
illustrated textbooks for children
studying Latin & Sciences.
Educational
Technology
History of
The 19th century paved in the Educational
Technology
advent of effective technological
development including the
production of textbooks, use of
blackboards and improvements in
writing implements like pen and ink.
Photography was invented, giving a
way to a movement called “Visual
Instruction”.
Educational
Technology
-By 1920, visual media became widely
accepted. Then came the publication of History of
Educational
audio-visual media texts. Technology

-In 1926, educational films were used as


instructional media.
-In 1927, Pressey wrote on programmed
learning through a machine which tested
and confirmed a learning task.
Educational
Technology
-In 1932, the first instructional television
History of
program was aired at the State University Educational
of Iowa. Technology

-About the same time, the 16 mm sound


motion picture was developed and this
served as the educational workhorse
during the audio-visual movement of the
time.
Educational
Technology
During World War II, the U.S. government
History of
encouraged the implementation of Educational
Technology
technology of instruction for military
training programs.
This gave impetus to a system approach
to instruction to include: micro-teaching,
individualized instruction, Language
laboratories, behavioral laboratories,
behavioral objectives, computer assisted
instruction and among others
1990’s
Connecting the World
History of
Tim Berners-Lee Educational
Technology
 Developed HTML and the World Wide Web
(WWW) was born.
1990’s
Connecting the World
History of
Marc Andreessen Educational
Technology

 An original developer of Mosaic, the


first browser software able to read
HTML.
 Co-founder of Netscape
Communications.
The 21st Century

 Technologies of the Future History of


Educational
 Advanced robotics commonplace Technology

 Smart houses
 Wearable computers
 Holodeck virtual reality
 Truly individualized education
The 21st Century

 Only recently focused on History of


Educational
computers. Technology

 Internet current primary trend.


 Communication with colleagues.
 Lesson plan preparation.
 Student resources.
 Access research and best practices for
teaching.

TEA
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Educational
Technology
History of
“A combination of the Educational
Technology
processes and tools involved
in addressing educational
needs and problems, with an
emphasis on applying the most
current tools: computers and
their related technologies.”
(M. D. Roblyer, 2000)
Educational
Technology
History of
Change in educational philosophy Educational
of what constitutes basic skills Technology

 No longer just three R’s


 “Learning to learn” skills essential
 Lifelong learning

TEA
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Mainframe Computer Systems Educational
Technology

 First instructional use of computers


was as a flight simulator used to
train pilots at MIT in 1950.
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Mainframe Computer Systems Educational
Technology

 First use in public schools taught


New York elementary students
binary arithmetic in 1959.
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Software Educational
Technology
 Early courseware developed for
mainframes were provided by:
 Large hardware manufacturers
 Software systems companies
 University development projects

 New microcomputer software


market driven primarily by
educators.
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Software Educational
Technology
 Authoring systems
 Response to educators quest for
input into design of educational
software.
 Allowed educators to develop their
own courseware.

TEA
15:05.0
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Software Educational
Technology
 Authoring systems
 Required extensive expertise.
 Extended time commitment.
 Expanded work investment.
TEA
Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
Seymour Papert Educational
 Educational theorist mentored by Technology

Jean Piaget.
 Developed programming language
for young children based on
constructivist theory of education.
 Raised national consciousness
about potential of technology to
change the educational system.
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Modern Educational
Technology History
History of
The Internet and the WWW Educational
Technology
Biggest challenge for the public
educational system has been how
to prepare schools physically and
train teachers effectively for its use
in the classroom.

TEA
16:50.0
History of
 Computer-based materials are just Educational
one component of resources Technology

available to educational system.


 Integration of technology as a tool
to advance learning in the content
areas adds to the effectiveness of
other resources and teacher
created activities.
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EDUCATIONAL
TECHNOLOGY

Uses Governed by

Techniques, Theories & History of


Goal oriented
methods from multiple Tools: problem-solving Educational
knowledge domains
which are standardized
Film, Video, systems Technology
Computers approach
and reproducible

Design, develop and to Guide change agency


evaluate human and and transformation of
mechanistic resources educational systems and
effectively & efficiently practices

In order to In order to
Facilitate and Contribute
leverage all to change
aspects of within
learning. society
Reference
“EDUCATIONAL TECHNOLOGY”
by Dr. Paz I. Lucido & Dr. History of
Educational
Milagros L. Borabo Technology

Web Link
http://www.tcet.unt.edu/weblibrar
y2/overview/?id=33&PHPSESSI
D=1f41402407f2621f9827509fa7
a8d6e8
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