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A Seminar On Practical Training At


• About Indian Railways .
• What is a Diesel shed ?
• BGKT Locomotive Diesel Shed , Jodhpur.
• Nomenclature of Locomotive.
• Block Diagram For Locomotive Engine.
• Function of components of Locomotive.
• Scheduled Operations .
• Failure Analysis.
• Thankyou.
About Indian Railways
Indian Railways has one of the largest & busiest rail networks in the world.
It is the world’s largest commercial employer, with more than 105 million employees.
The fleet of includes over 200,000 wagons, 50,000 coaches, 8,000 locomotives.
It also owns locomotives & coaches production facilities.
Indian Railways transporting over 20 million passengers.
Indian Railways are divided into 16 zones. & each zones is made up of a certain no. of
divisions. There are 67 divisions.
The total length of the track used by Indian Railways is about
108,805 KM (67,608miles.)
About 50% of the total track KM is Diesel .
 Diesel locomotive shed is an industrial – technical setup, where repair & maintenance
works of diesel locomotives is carried out, so as keep loco working properly.
 It contributes to increase the operational life of diesel locomotives
 Minimize the line failure
 The technical manpower of a shed also increases the efficiency of the loco.
 Diesel shed usually has -;
• Berths & plate for loco maintenance.
• Heavy cranes, lifting jacks.
• Fuel storage & lube oil storage .
• water treatment plant & testing labs etc.
• Machine shop & welding facilities.
• Some other technologies in accordance with need .

Nomenclature of Locomotive
Block Diagram For Locomotive Engine

DRIVER’s CAB – It consists long hood, short hood, control stand, air brake control stand, booster air pressure , indicating lube oil, pressure gauges, mechanical control & electrical speedometer
and load meter.

MAIN GENERATOR COMPARTMENT – It consists traction motor, excitation generator, auxiliary generator, front traction motor blower and housed in this compartment.

ENGINE ROOM - It consists after cooler, turbocharger governor, fuel injection pump, fuel oil filters, lube oil filters, water pump, extension shaft, expressor spline coupling.

EXPRESSOR COMPARTMENT – It produces a vacuum compressed air which is used for braking purpose, pump for hydraulic governor fuel booster pump & fuel booster pump motor are
also kept.

RADIATOR - Radiator fan, radiator panel, lube oil, right angle gear box, driving radiator fan, eddy current clutch which converts right angle gear box to diesel engine’s extension shaft.
Function of components
1) Main Generator
The diesel engine drives the main generator which provides the power to move the train. The alternator generates DC
electricity which is used to provide power for the traction motors mounted on the trucks (bogies).
2) Auxiliary Generator
This provides DC power for lighting, heating, air conditioning, dining facilities etc. on the train.
3) Motor Blower
Motor blower provides air which is blown over the traction motors to keep them cool during periods of heavy work.
4) Air Intakes
The air for cooling the locomotive's motors is drawn in from outside the locomotive. It has to be filtered to remove dust and
other impurities
5) Batteries
The diesel engine needs a battery to start it and to provide electrical power for lights.

6) Traction Motor
Traction motors are provided on the axles to give the final drive. These motors were traditionally DC

7) Fuel Tank
The fuel tank is normally under the loco frame and will have a capacity of 3000 lts.
8) Air Reservoirs
Air reservoirs containing compressed air at high pressure are required for the train braking and some other systems on the
locomotive. These are often mounted next to the fuel tank under the floor of the locomotive.
9) Drive Shaft
The main output from the diesel engine is transmitted by the drive shaft to the generators at one end and the radiator fans
and compressor at the other end.
10) Radiator and Radiator Fan
Water is distributes around the engine block to keep the temperature within the most efficient range for the engine.
11) Expresser
The combination of exhauster and compressor is called expresser. It is provided in the expresser room. The main function
of expresser is to the compress the air for various purpose and to create vacuum for train brake. It has one crank shaft and two
bearings. One end of the crank shaft is connected to engine .Main crank shaft with fast coupling and other end connected to the
extension shaft No.2 with flexible coupling.
A turbo supercharger, or turbo, is a gas compressor that is used for forced-induction of an internal combustion engine. It
increases the density of air entering the engine to create more power.
13) Compressor
It is a device that converts power (using an electric motor, diesel or gasoline engine, etc.) into potential energy stored in
pressurized air (i.e., compressed air). By one of several methods, an air compressor forces more and more air into a storage
tank, increasing the pressure.
Scheduled Operations
Minor Operations Major Operations
1) Fuel oil, lube oil& filter are checked. 1) Run engine; check operation of air system safety valves & expressor crank case
lube oil pressure.
2) Expressor discharge valve.
2) Stop engine; carry out dry run operational test, check FIP timing & uniformity of
3) Record oil level in the axle caps for suspension rack setting & correct if necessary.
3) Engine crankcase cover:- remove crankcase cover and check for any foreign
4) Turbo super charger is checked. material, renew gasket.
4) Clean strainer & filters, replace paper elements.
5) Compressor air & vacuum system:- check, clean and recondition rings, intake
strainers, & inlet, exhaust valve, lube oil relief valve. Drain, clean & refill crankcase.
6) Roller bearing axle boxes. Check for loose bolts, lose of grease. sign of
overheating. Remove covers,. Carry out ultrasonic test of axles.
7) Renew airflow indicator valve.
Failure Analysis