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My Military Profile

• RANK/NAME: SSG NONITO D SUMALPONG 779198 (SC) PA


• DESIGNATION: BRANCH NCO COMPANY TRNG
• ENTERED MIL SVC: 07 MAY 1990
• STATUS: MARRIED
• MILITARY SCHOOLING:
= SCOUT RANGER ORRIENTATION CRSE
= SCOUT RANGER COURSE
= WHEELED VEH OPN & MAINT COURSE/CTW DRIVING
= AMBUSH COUNTER AMBUSH TACTICS TRAINING
= SIGNAL MESSAGE SPEIALIST COURSE
= CRYPTA ANALYSIS SEM
= COMMEL NCO BASIC COURSE
= COMMEL NCO ADVANCE COURSE
= CADREE TNRG OURSE
= SQUAD LEADER TRAINERS TRNG
= HARDWARE MAINTENANCE COURSE
= COMPUTER HARDWARE SERVICING NC II
= COMPUTER LITERACY TRNG
= CANDIDATE SOLDIER TRAINERS COURSE
= BASIC RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP TRNG
= BASIC PISTOL MARKSMANSHIP TRNG
= FIRE PREVENTION & SUPPRESSION SEM
= FIELD MARKSMANSHIP TRAINING SYSTEM
= PISTOL MARKSMANSHIP AND SHELLL RELOADING PROCESS
= HARRIS RADIO RF-5800 RADIO OPN & MAINTENANCE TRNG
= R4A3 CARBINE MARKSMANSHIP TRAINERS TRNG
= ASCSET TRAINERS TRAINING
= WAR FIGHTING COMPETENCY TRAINING
= WATER SURVIVAL AND RESCUE TRAINING

PREV UNIT ASSIGNMENT: 18IB, 1ID, PA FM 1990 TO 2006


UNIT ASSIGNMENT: 1DTS, 1ID, PA FM 2006 TODATE
DESIGNATION: BRANCH NCO, COMPANY TRNG BRANCH
HOME ADDRESS: Kinangay Norte, Clarin, misamis Occidental
DATE OF BIRTH: 13 January 1968
CLASSROOM RULES
Safety Precaution
Ice Breaker

“ Video n Ice Breaker”


Why does this subject is very essential
for us to study?
TERMINAL LEARNING OBJECTIVE:

At the end of the lesson, students must be able to


apply properly the ALL PROCEDURES with respect
to the Marksmanship Fundamentals.
WELCOME
SCOPE OF PRESENTATION

A. INTRODUCTION TO R4A3 CARBINE

B. FOUR RULES OF GUN SAFETY

C. RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS

D. CONCEPT OF ZEROING

E. SHOT GROUPING EXERCISE AND BATTLE


SIGHT ZEROING

F. SHOT GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION

G. RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP RECORD FIRE


The Remington R4A3 RIFLE
SYSTEM

• Consists of a Rifle, a Magazine, and a


Sling.
• It Is a Lightweight, Gas Operated, Air-
Cooled, Magazine Fed, Shoulder Fired
Weapon That Can Be Fired Either in
Semi-Automatic or Automatic burst.
R4A3 SPECIFICATIONS
• CALIBER: 5.56 mm NATO
• WEIGHT: 6.11 lbs (3 kg)
• MAX EFF RANGE: 600M
• LENGTH: 31” (78.74cm) Collapsed, 34.8” (88.39cm)
extended
• BARREL TWIST 1:7 Right Hand Twist
• MAGAZINE CAPACITY: 30 Rounds
• MODE OF FIRE: Safe/Semi/Auto
• LOCKING METHOD: Rotary Bolt
• SAFETY FEATURES: Safety Switch (Manual)
• OPERATION: Gas Impingement
• What is the definition of Maximum Effective
Range?
The greatest distance at which a soldier may
be expected to deliver a target hit.

• In what distance does the elevation knob


adjusts the point of aim for the R4A3
Carbine?
300 to 600 meters
FOUR CARDINAL RULES
OF
GUN SAFETY

1. ALWAYS TREAT THE GUN AS LOADED.

2. DO NOT POINT YOUR GUN TO ANYTHING WHICH YOU


ARE NOT WILLING TO SHOOT OR DESTROY.

3. BE SURE OF YOUR TARGET AND WHAT IS AROUND IT.

4. ALWAYS KEEP YOUR TRIGGER FINGER OFF THE


TRIGGER UNLESS YOU ARE READY TO FIRE.
Video Clips
MARKSMANSHIP– is the art and science of hitting the
desired target accurately at a particular distance.

TRIAD OF MARKSMANSHIP
Factors affecting accuracy
R4A3 Carbine Basic Rifle Marksmanship
Fundamentals
1. Positioning. (Rifle+Shooter = 1 system)

Steady position factors:


A. Non-firing hand grip
B. Firing hand grip
C. Telescopic ButtStock position
D. Placement of Firing elbow
E. Placement of Non-Firing elbow
F. Cheek to Stock weld
G. Placement of the feet and Body alignment

2. Aiming (Sight alignment and Sight picture)

3. Breathing (Empty lung/Quarters full )

4. Trigger Pressing (Interrupted/uninterrupted)

*Follow through (Final Focus Point)


R4A3 Carbine Marksmanship Fundamentals
1. POSITION (Rifle+Shooter = 1 system)
A. Non firing Handgrip. The non firing hand holds the
Forward Vertical Grip Firmly.

B. Firing Handgrip. The firing hand grasps the pistol grip


so it fits the V formed by the thumb and forefinger.
C. Telescopic ButtStock Position. The butt of the rifle
is placed in the pocket of the firing shoulder. This reduces
the effect of recoil and helps ensure a steady position.

D. Firing Elbow Placement. The firing elbow is important


in providing balance. Its exact location depends on the
firing/fighting position used. Placement should allow
shoulders to remain level.
E. Non firing Elbow. The non-firing elbow is positioned
firmly under the rifle to allow a comfortable and stable
position.

F. Cheek-to-Stock Weld. The stock weld should provide


a natural line of sight through the center of the rear sight
aperture to the front sight post and on to the target.
ANY PRONE POSITION
Any prone position using the
magazine to support the rifle for
a more stable position
H. Placement of the Feet and Body Alignment

Hawkins / Climbing the Ladder

V- Spread
Advanced Firing Position

1. Alternate Prone Firing Position. This position is an


alternative to both prone supported and unsupported firing
positions. The firer can assume a comfortable position while
maintaining the same relationship between his body and the
axis of the rifle. This position relaxes the stomach muscles
and allows the firer to breathe naturally.

.
Advanced Firing Position

1. Kneeling Unsupported Firing Position. This


position is assumed quickly, places the soldier high enough
to see over small brush, and provides a stable firing
position. The nonfiring elbow should be pushed forward of
the knee so the upper arm is resting on a flat portion of the
knee to provide stability. The trailing foot should be placed
in a comfortable position.
Advanced Firing Position

1. Standing Firing Position. To assume the standing


firing position, the soldier faces his target, executes a
facing movement to his firing side, and spreads his feet a
comfortable distance apart. With his firing hand on the
pistol grip and his nonfiring hand on the forward vertical
grip, the soldier places the telescoping butt of the rifle in
the pocket formed by his firing shoulder so the sights are
level with his eyes. The weight of the rifle is supported by
the firing shoulder pocket and nonfiring hand. The soldier
shifts his feet until he is aiming naturally at the target and
his weight is evenly distributed on both feet. The standing
position provides the least stability but could be needed for
observing the target area and engaging target since it can
be assumed quickly while moving .
Standing Firing Position
Advanced Firing Position
 Modified Supported Firing Position. Once the basic firing
skills have been mastered during initial training, the soldier
should be encouraged to modify positions, TO TAKE
ADVANTAGE OF AVAILABLE COVER, TO USE ANYTHING
THAT HELPS TO STEADY THE RIFLE, OR TO MAKE ANY
CHANGE THAT ALLOWS HIM TO HIT MORE COMBAT
TARGETS. The modified prone firing position uses sandbag
to support the nonfiring hand to hold it steady.
Advanced Firing Position

 Kneeling Supported Firing Position. This position allows


the soldier to obtain the height necessary to observe
many target areas, taking advantage of available cover.
Solid cover that can support any part of the body or
rifle assists in firing accuracy.
2. AIMING – The act of pointing to hit a target.

A. Elements of Aiming
1. Front Sight
2. Rear Sight
3. Aiming point

B. Phases of Aiming
1. Sight Alignment- Proper relationship of front sight and rear
sight.
2. Sight Picture- Proper relationship of front sight and rear sight
and aiming point.

CORRECT SIGHT ALIGNMENT CORRECT SIGHT PICTURE

Note: FRONT SIGHT CLEAR, REAR SIGHT AND AIMING POINT ARE BLURRED.
3. BREATH CONTROL – To attain accuracy, the firer must learn to
hold his breath properly at any time during the breathing cycle.
EMPTY LUNG

QUARTERS FULL

NOTE: NATURAL POINT OF AIM (NPA): The most relaxed position for holding a rifle
grip and firing at the target. The sight picture will consistently go back to the aiming
point in a natural manner. Natural point of aim is obtained through natural respiratory pause only.
*WOBBLE AREA
4. TRIGGER PRESSING

Trigger pressing- is the independent movement of the


trigger finger in applying increasing pressure on the trigger straight
to the rear, without disturbing the sight alignment until the weapon
fires.

NOTE:TRIGGER PRESSURE POINT: The contact of the trigger and trigger finger;
usually located between the tip of the finger and the 1st joint.

TYPES OF TRIGGER MOTION

Interrupted/Smooth Trigger Motion- Commonly used during


Precision Shooting.
Uninterrupted Trigger Motion- Commonly used during Practical
Shooting and Multiple target engagement.

*FOLLOW THROUGH (Final Focus Point)– is the continues effort


of the firer to maintain sight alignment before during and after the
round has fired. A continues application of all marksmanship
fundamentals.
FOLLOWTHROUGH
• Follow through is important in developing
consistency. While the bullet leaves the
rifle’s barrel within milli-seconds of ignition,
the shooter benefits from “staying on the
sights” in order to determine where the
round likely struck. With experience,
shooters can tell with extreme precision
whether the round likely struck the center
of the target or elsewhere.
10 MINUTES BREAK
R4A3 Carbine Marksmanship Coaching Drills

1. Aiming stick exercise

2. Coin-on-the-barrel exercise

3. Recoil simulation exercise

4. Ball and dummy exercise

5. Proper use of Forward vertical Grip


CONCEPT OF ZEROING

The purpose of battle sight zeroing is to align the fire control


system (sights) with the rifle barrel, considering the given
ammunition ballistics. When this is accomplished correctly,
the fire control and point of aim are point of impact at a
standard battlesight zero range such as 200 meters.
Mechanical Zeroing Of the R4A3
Carbine
Mechanically zeroing the weapon is only necessary when the
weapon zero is questionable, the weapon is newly assigned to the
unit, or the weapon sights have been serviced. If necessary, the
soldier should mechanically zero the weapon as follows:
1. Adjust the front sight post (1) so the top of the post is 5mm above
the machined surface in the sight base (2).
2.With the rear sight elevation adjustment (3) lower the rear sight
assembly (4) all the way until the sight bottoms out. Dial should be
set at the 300m mark (6/3) (5).
For zeroing, the small aperture should be used (6) so the unmarked
aperture is up and the center hash marks on the aperture and rear
sight base aligned (8).
Mechanical Zeroing of the R4A3 Carbine
• If necessary, the soldier should mechanical sight zero the weapon
as follows:
• Adjust the elevation knob (1) counterclockwise, when viewed from
above, until the rear sight assembly (2) rests flush with the
detachable carrying handle and the 6/3 marking is aligned with the
index line (3) on the left side of the detachable carrying handle. The
elevation knob remains flush.
• Position the apertures (4) so the unmarked aperture is up and the 0-
200 meter aperture is down. Rotate the windage knob (5) to align
the index mark (6) on the 0-200 meter aperture with the long center
index line on the rear sight assembly.
Battle Sight Zeroing the R4A3
 The purpose of battle sight zeroing is to align the
fire control system (sights) with the rifle barrel,
considering the ammunitions ballistics
 When the rifle is zeroed, the sights are adjusted
so that the bullet strike is the same as the point
of aim at some given range

 When a standard zeroing procedure is followed,


a rifle is properly zeroed for one soldier and is
close to the zero of another soldier.
BATTLE SIGHT ZEROING PROCEDURES
1. Place an approved target at 25 meters. When zeroed at 25m
one inch below the aiming point, the bullet path will then cross
the line of sight at 200M.
2. With sights properly employed and at mechanical zero , fire a
3 shot group to determine the point of impact (POI).
3. Adjust shot group so that the POI is 1 inch below the aiming
point.
4. If the POI is one inch below Point of Aim (POA), you can stop,
your weapon is zeroed. If it does not match, continue to step 5.
5. Measure the vertical and horizontal distance from the fired
group to the POI.
6. Calculate the amount of adjustment to move the POI one inch
below the POA.
BATTLE SIGHT ZEROING PROCEDURES
7. Adjust the front sight by depressing the detent with a front sight
tool or pointed object and turn the appropriate direction.
8. The rear sight is adjusted by turning the knob the appropriate
direction by hand.
9. After adjustments are made, repeat steps 1 through 6 until the
POI will be one inch below the POA.

NOTE: At 25M, one click of the front sight will move the POI ½” (1.2 cm)
up or down. Turning the post clockwise will raise the POI. Counter
clockwise will lower the POI. Turning the windage knob one click will move
the POI 3/16” (.5 cm) left or right. Turning the windage knob clockwise will
move the POI to the right, counter clockwise will move the POI to the left.
ZEROING PROCEDURES
 In order to understand the principles of zeroing, one must know
the basics of ballistics, especially, the relationship between the
path of the bullet flight and the line of sight. In bullet is called
trajectory.

 After the bullet leaves the rifle, it is initially moving on an


upward path.

 The bullet will intersect the line of sight and begin to travel
above the line of sight, a short distance from the muzzle.

 As the bullet travels further, it begins to drop and will eventually


again intersect the line of sight.

 The range at which this intersection occurs is the zero for that
sight setting
R4A3 CARBINE 5.56mm Bullet Trajectory using
M855 Ball Ammo
Y-Axis
1inch below aiming
point/battlesight Highest Ordinate
zero 4 inches above aiming
point POA/POI
POA/POI

3 inches above
2 inches aiming point
6 inches
above below aiming
aiming point
point

Line of Sight

25M 50M 100M 150M 250M 300


42M 200M
M

Firer’s
Position NEAR ZERO FAR ZERO
RANGE RANGE
SHOT GROUPING EXERCISES AND BATTLE SIGHT
ZEROING
OBJECTIVE
To apply the marksmanship fundamentals through live fire
exercise and prepare the zeroing of the rifle.

CONDITIONS:
Assume prone position (supported by magazine) on a 25m
firing range, a 25m R4A3 Zeroing Target with 3cm bulls eye
1 inch below the aiming point with18 rounds ammunition
while wearing complete webbings with lousy hat.
Use ammo from the same lot.
Firer has passed the standards set in the Rifle
Marksmanship Drills.
The rifle has been tested for accuracy and functionality by
a competent instructor.
Firer is allocated only 18 rounds of ammunition for this
exercise.
SHOT GROUPING EXERCISES AND BATTLE
SIGHT ZEROING

STANDARD
 Be able to hit 3 shots out of 3 rounds within a 3.0cm circle out
of the 18rds.

Note: Soldiers not achieving an acceptable shot group using the


18 rounds ammunition will be diagnosed and given appropriate
remedial training.
ELEVATION AND WINDAGE VALUES OF CLICKS
OF R4A3 CARBINE

DISTANCE 1 CLICK WILL ADJUST THE POINT


(In meters) OF IMPACT
Front sight post Windage Elevation Wheel
R4A3 (Rear Sight) (Rear Sight)
Full Value R4A3 R4A3
Half Value Full Value

25M 1.2 cm (.5in) .5cm (3/16 in) .5cm (3/16 in)

50M 2.4cm (1 in) 1cm (0.4 in) 1cm (0.4 in)

75M 3.6cm (1.5 in) 1.5cm (0.6 in) 1.5cm (0.6 in)

100M 4.8cm (2 in) 2cm (.75 in) 2cm (.75 in)

150M 7.2cm (3 in) 3cm (1.125 in) 3cm (1.125 in)

175M 8.4cm (3.5 in) 3.5cm (1.3125 in) 3.5cm (1.3125 in)

200M 8.6cm (4 in) 4cm (1.5in) 4cm (1.5in)

300M 14.4cm (6.1 in) 6cm (2.25in) 6cm (2.25in)


BULLET DISPERSION 3 CM (1.2 INCH) SHOT GROUP
AT 25M INCREMENTS

25M 50M 75M 100M 150M 200M 250M


R4A3 R4A3 R4A3 R4A3 R4A3 R4A3 R4A3
CARBINE CARBINE CARBINE CARBINE CARBINE CARBINE CARBINE

1.2 INCH 2.2 INCHES 3.6 INCHES 4.8 INCHES 6 INCHES 7.2 INCHES 8.4 INCHES

3 cm Shot Group
at 25m

250m
SHOT-GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION
OBJECTIVE:
To develop the students knowledge on interpreting the shots
made with respect to the Rifle Marksmanship Fundamentals.
SHOT-GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION
1. SPLIT GROUP
Possible Error
a. Change in body position
b. Not in NPA
c. Different POA/Aiming

2. WIDE GROUP
Possible Error
a. Unstable Stance
b. Not in NPA
c. Trigger Pressing
d. Changing POA
f. Excessive Pressure on the Rifle Grip
SHOT-GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION

3. VERTICAL GROUP
Possible Error
a. Poor Breath Control/NPA
b. Aiming Point is not
maintained

4. HORIZONTAL- LOW LEFT


Possible Error
a. Trigger Pressure point
location is changing
b. Unstable Stance position
c. Changing POA/ Poor Sight
Alignment
SHOT-GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION
5. STRINGING DIAGONALLY
Possible Error
a. Trigger pressure point
downwards & sideward
b. Shooting handgrip loosen
c. Changing POA

6. ACCEPTABLE GROUP

a. Sights can now be adjusted


b. If shot group size is within
1.5inches at 25m distance
RANGE-IN SERIES
• THE PURPOSE OF THE RANGE-IN SERIES IS
FOR THE SOLDIER TO CONFIRM THE
BATTLE SIGHT ZERO OF HIS WEAPON
USING THE SAME AMMUNITION.
RANGE-IN SERIES
RANGE-IN SERIES IS CONDUCTED PRIOR TO
THE CONDUCT OF THE RECORD FIRING
PROPER
THIS IS CONDUCTED AFTER THE CARBINE IS
ZEROED AT 25M AND TO SIMULATE THE
RECORD FIRING SEQUENCE
RANGE-IN SERIES IS CONDUCTED FOR THE
FIRERS TO CONFIRM THE ZERO OF THEIR
CARBINES UP TO 200M USING THE ACTUAL
TARGETS OF THE RESPECTIVE DISTANCES
RANGE-IN SERIES
25M, FIG 14, 8 ROUNDS,STANDING
50M, FIG 12, 8 ROUNDS,STANDING
100M, FIG 12, 8 ROUNDS,KNEELING
150M, FIG 11, 6 ROUNDS, KNEELING
200M, FIG 11, 6 ROUNDS,ANY PRONE
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP RECORD FIRE
A. OBJECTIVE

To be able to apply the rifle marksmanship fundamentals in the actual range (25m,
50m, 100m, 150m & 200m)

B. CONDITIONS
Distance Target Ammo Time Position Remarks

25m 1 Fig 14A 8 rds 6 Sec per Standing Standing alert; 2 shots
exposure per exposure;
4 exposures
50m 1 Fig 12 Target 8 rds 12 secs per Standing Standing alert; 4 shots
exposure per exposure;
2 exposures
100m 1 Fig 12 target 8 rds 2 mins Kneeling Kneeling (precision)

150m Fig 11 12 rds 2 mins 30 Kneeling Kneeling (precision) with


sec change magazine. Both
magazine must contain 6
rds ammo
200m Fig 11 14 rds 3 mins Any prone Prone (precision) with
supported change magazine; both
magazine must contain 7
rounds
RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP RECORD FIRE

STANDARD

HITS QUALIFICATION

46-50 Expert

41-45 Sharpshooter

36-40 Marksman

35 and below Unqualified


Summary
A. FOUR RULES OF GUN SAFETY

B. RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP FUNDAMENTALS

C. CONCEPT OF ZEROING

D. SHOT GROUPING EXERCISE AND BATTLE


SIGHT ZEROING

E. SHOT GROUP PATTERN INTERPRETATION

F. RIFLE MARKSMANSHIP RECORD FIRE


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