Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 21

 Reading is the process of

receiving and interpreting

information encoded in
language from via the
medium of print”
 “comprehension occurs
when the reader extracts
and integrates various
information from the text
and combines it with what
is already known”
Jens Martensson 3
 The ability to make the
meaning out of text
 Reading comprehension is
the ability to understand
what we read where
words have context and
texts have meaning. Allow
us to read proficiently,
learn effectively, problem-
solve, and conceptualize.
Jens Martensson 4
 Decoding
Ability to use letter-sound relationships to
decipher words
 Fluency
Automaticity, appropriate reading rate
 Vocabulary knowledge
Breadth, and depth, of vocabulary knowledge is
important, i.e., not just the number of words
students know, but the depth of their
 Background knowledge
A conceptual framework, or context, into which
students can fit new ideas
 Knowledge of comprehension strategies

Jens Martensson 5
General strategies for Reading
 Skimming and Scanning
 Previewing
 Predicting
 Identifying the Main Idea
and Summarization
 Questioning
 Visualizing

Jens Martensson 6
Jens Martensson 7
 Scanning Read something
quickly Find some specific
information (key words) :
name, telephone number,
date, etc.
 Search for key words Move
quickly over the page Less
reading and more searching

Jens Martensson 8
 when you gather information
about a book by examining its
over, you are previewing
 Read the title
 Read the headings/sub-
 Look at the visuals Scan for
special terms/words
 Skim the review questions

Jens Martensson 9
 When you preview, you
look for information.
Then you can make
guesses about what is in
the letter. when you
make guesses like this,
you are predicting

Jens Martensson 10
 Identifying the main idea
and summarizing requires
that students determine
what is important and then
put it in their own words.
 Implicit in this process is
trying to understand the
author’s purpose in writing
the text.

Jens Martensson 11
 Asking and answering
questions about text is
another strategy that helps
students focus on the
meaning of text.
 Teachers can help by
modeling both the process
of asking good questions
and strategies for finding
the answers in the text.

Jens Martensson 12
 Studies have shown that
students who visualize while
reading have better recall than
those who do not.

 Readers can take advantage of

illustrations that are embedded
in the text or create their own
mental images or drawings
when reading text without

Jens Martensson 13
Jens Martensson 14
 Prereading is the process of
skimming a text to locate key
ideas before carefully reading a
text (or a chapter of a text)
from start to finish.
 Also called ​previewing or
surveying. Prereading provides
an overview that can increase
reading speed and efficiency.

Jens Martensson 15
Jens Martensson 16
 While-Reading Activities
are defined as activities that
help students to focus on
aspects of the text and to
understand it better.
 The goal of these activities
is to help learners to deal as
they would deal with it as if
the text was written in their
first language.
Jens Martensson 17
Jens Martensson 18
 After or post-reading
activities provide students a
way to summarize, reflect,
and question what they
have just read.
 They are an important
component of the pre-,
during, and post-reading
strategy and is the core of
good comprehension.

Jens Martensson 19
After reading

Jens Martensson 20