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REGIONALISM AND

GLOBALIZATION
By:
Mark Gabriel R. Abad
Chris Evan T. Impas
WHAT IS REGIONALISM

 is the process through which geographical


regions become significant political and/or
economic units serving as the basis for
cooperation and possibly identity.
REGIONALISM

 Doing things together


 Pooling resources
 Agreeing to develop and deliver certain common services
 Delegation of some national sovereignty
WHY WE DO IT

 Expand economies of scale


 Increase opportunities
 Reduce our vulnerabilities
 Strengthen our bargaining position global systems
 Benefit from globalization
 Ensure as a region we are heard
WHO BENEFITS FROM REGIONALISM

 States  Academic institutions


 Governments  Trade Unions
 Citizens
 Communities
 Regional organizations
 Civil Societies
 International Agencies
OBJECTIVE

 Expand Economic Opportunities


 Encourage Free movement of goods and services
 Improve Resilience
 Create Employment
CHALLENGES

 Require National Government, Civil Society and


Development Partners support
 Continue to stand together
 Political Support
 Link to international systems
REGIONAL
ORGANIZATIONS AND
THEIR OBJECTIVES
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN)
Association of Southeast Asian Nations
(ASEAN)

 A geo-political and economic organization of ten


countries located in Southeast Asia, which was
formed on 8 August 1967.
 21 regular and 4 informal sessions.
 ASEAN covers a land area of 4.46 million km²,
which is 3% of the total land area of Earth, and
has a population of approximately 600 million
people
OBJECTIVES

 Single Aviation Market


 Free trade zone
 Intra-ASEAN travel
 ASEAN Media Cooperation ,ASEAN Defense
Industry Collaboration
 Education-about 90% literacy rate
SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR
REGIONAL COOPERATION (SAARC)
8 MEMBERS

 Afghanistan
 Bangladesh
 Bhutan
 Maldives
 Nepal
 India
 Pakistan
 Sri lanka
SOUTH ASIAN ASSOCIATION FOR
REGIONAL COOPERATION (SAARC)
 the regional intergovernmental organization and geopolitical union of states
in South Asia
 SAARC was founded in Dhaka on 8 December 1998. Its secretariat is based
in Kathmandu, Nepal. It launched the South Asian Free Trade Area in 2006.
SAARC maintains permanent diplomatic relations at the United Nations as an
observer and has developed links with multilateral entities, including
the European Union.
Objectives

 to promote the welfare of the people of South Asia


and to improve their quality of life;
 to accelerate economic growth, social progress
and cultural development in the region
 to promote and strengthen selective self- reliance
among the countries of SouthAsia;
 to contribute to mutual trust, understanding and
appreciation of one another's problem
ORGANISATION OF ISLAMIC
COOPERATION (OIC)
ORGANISATION OF ISLAMIC
COOPERATION (OIC)

 is an international organisation consisting of 57


member states. The organisation states that it is
"the collective voice of the Muslim world" and
works to "safeguard and protect the interests of
the Muslim world in the spirit of promoting
international peace and harmony
OBJECTIVES

 TheOIC aims to preserve Islamic social and


economic values; promote solidarity amongst
member states; increase cooperation in social,
economic, cultural, scientific, and political areas;
uphold international peace and security; and
advance education, particularly in the fields of
science and technology.
SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION
(SCO)
SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION
(SCO)
MEMBERS

 China
 Russia
 Kazakhstan
 Kyrgyzstan
 Tajikistan and
 Uzbekistan
SHANGHAI COOPERATION ORGANIZATION
(SCO)
 The Shanghai Cooperation Organization (SCO) is
an intergovernmental international organization
founded in Shanghai on15 June 2001 by six
countries.
 Its member states cover an area of over 30 million
km2, or about three fifths of Eurasia, with a
population of 1.455 billion.
 SCO's predecessor, the Shanghai Five
mechanism, originated and grew from the
endeavor by China, Russia, Kazakhstan,
Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan.
OBJECTIVES
 strengthening mutual trust and good-
neighborliness and friendship among member
states,
 developing their effective cooperation in political
affairs, the economy and trade, science and
technology, culture, education, energy,
transportation, environmental protection and
other fields,
 working together to maintain regional peace,
security and stability,
 promoting the creation of a new international
political and economic order featuring
democracy, justice and rationality.
African Union (AU)
African Union (AU)

 isa Continental union consisting of 55 member


states located on the continent of Africa
 The AU was announced in the Sirte
Declaration in Sirte, Libya on 9 September 1999,
calling for the establishment of the African
Union. The bloc was founded on 26 May 2001
in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and launched on 9 July
2002 in South Africa.
OBJECTIVES

1. Toachieve greater unity, cohesion and solidarity


between the African countries and African
nations
2. Todefend the sovereignty, territorial
integrity and independence of its Member
States.
3. Toaccelerate the political and social-economic
integration of the continent.
EUROPEAN UNION (EU)
EUROPEAN UNION (EU)

 The European Union is a unified trade and


monetary body of 28 member countries. It
eliminates all border controls between
members. That allows the free flow of goods
and people, except for random spot checks for
crime and drugs. The EU transmits state-of-the-
art technologies to its members.
OBJECTIVES

 To establish European citizenship. This means


protection of fundamental human rights and
freedoms.
 To ensure freedom, security and justice. This
means co-operation in the field of justice and
home affairs.
 To promote economic and social progress. ...
 To assert Europe's role in the world.
FIN

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