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Air Pollution

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 What is it?
 How is it measured?
 The measured pollutants
 Its effects.....
 Conclusion
What is it?
• Any visible or invisible particle or gas
found in the air that is not part of the
original, normal composition.
Natural: forest fires, pollen, dust

Unnatural: man-made; coal, wood

and other fuels used in cars, homes,
and factories for energy
How is it measured?
AQI: Air Quality Index
• Indicates whether pollutant levels in air may cause
health concerns.
• Ranges from 0 (least concern) to 500 (greatest
Air Quality Air Quality Index Protect Your Health

Good 0-50 No health impacts are expected when

air quality is in this range.

Moderate 51-100 Unusually sensitive people should

consider limiting prolonged outdoor

Unhealthy for 101-150 Active children and adults, and people

Sensitive Groups with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor

Unhealthy 151-200
Active children and adults, and people
with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor
exertion, everyone else, especially
children should limit prolonged outdoor

Very Unhealthy (Alert) 201-300 Active children and adults, and people
with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor
exertion everyone else, especially
children, should limit outdoor exertion.
a n t s.....
d po ll u t
e a su re
Th e m
P o l lu ta n t s :
5 M a j o r
M o n o x id e
1..) Ca r b o n
D i o x i d e
2.) Sulfur
e n D i o x id e
3.) N it r o g
la t e M a tt e r
4.) P a r ti c u
n d L e v e l
5.) Grou
Carbon Monoxide
• Colorless, odorless
• Produced when carbon does not burn
in fossil fuels
• Present in car exhaust
• Deprives body of O2 causing
headaches, fatigue, and impaired
Sulfur Dioxide
• Produced when coal and fuel
oil are burned
• Present in power plant exhaust
• Narrows the airway, causing
wheezing and shortness of
breath, especially in those with
Nitrogen Dioxide
• Reddish, brown gas
• Produced when nitric
oxide combines with
oxygen in the atmosphere
• Present in car exhaust and
power plants
• Affects lungs and causes
wheezing; increases
chance of respiratory
Particulate Matter
• Particles of different sizes and
structures that are released into the
• Present in many sources including
fossil fuels, dust, smoke, fog, etc.
• Can build up in respiratory system
• Aggravates heart and lung disease;
increases risk of respiratory
Ground Level Ozone
• At upper level, ozone shields Earth from
sun’s harmful UV rays
• At ground level, ozone is harmful
• Formed from car, power and chemical
plant exhaust
• Irritate respiratory system and asthma;
reduces lung function by inflaming and
damaging lining of lungs
These 5 together form.....
• Combination of gases with water vapor
and dust
• Combination of words smoke and fog
• Forms when heat and sunlight react
gases (photochemical smog)
• Occurs often with heavy traffic, high
temperatures, and calm winds
Its efe
• 1st smog related deaths were in London
in 1873; death toll 500 people; can you
imagine how much worse the
atmosphere is now?!
• Limits visibility
• Decreases UV radiation
• Yellow/black color over cities
• Causes respiratory problems and
bronchial related deaths
The other problems.....
The Greenhouse Efect
Global Warming
Thinning of Upper OZone Layer
Acid Rain
Indoor Air Pollution
 Efficient insulation
 Bacteria
 Molds and mildews
 Viruses
 animal dander and cat saliva
 plants
 house dust
 Mites
 Cockroaches
 pollen
So, What can YOU do?
• Ride your bike

• Tell your friends and family about pollution

• Make sure your parents get pollution checks

on their cars

• Ride the school bus

• Learn more; stay up to date

• Join a group to stop pollution

• Encourage your parents to carpool to


• Switch off lights, fan, heat, etc. when

you leave the room
We only have one world.....
Do you want it like this?
 Air pollution has long been a serious
problem in the world.
 Without air, Earth would be unable to
sustain life.
 Spread the Word.