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Seminar

On
Air Pollution

Submitted To: Submitted By:


Content
 What is it?
 How is it measured?
 The measured pollutants
 SMOG
 Its effects.....
 Conclusion
What is it?
• Any visible or invisible particle or gas
found in the air that is not part of the
original, normal composition.
Natural: forest fires, pollen, dust
storm

Unnatural: man-made; coal, wood


and other fuels used in cars, homes,
and factories for energy
How is it measured?
AQI: Air Quality Index
• Indicates whether pollutant levels in air may cause
health concerns.
• Ranges from 0 (least concern) to 500 (greatest
concern)
Air Quality Air Quality Index Protect Your Health

Good 0-50 No health impacts are expected when


air quality is in this range.

Moderate 51-100 Unusually sensitive people should


consider limiting prolonged outdoor
exertion.

Unhealthy for 101-150 Active children and adults, and people


Sensitive Groups with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor
exertion.

Unhealthy 151-200
Active children and adults, and people
with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor
exertion, everyone else, especially
children should limit prolonged outdoor
excertion.

Very Unhealthy (Alert) 201-300 Active children and adults, and people
with respiratory disease, such as
asthma, should limit prolonged outdoor
exertion everyone else, especially
children, should limit outdoor exertion.
a n t s.....
d po ll u t
e a su re
Th e m
P o l lu ta n t s :
5 M a j o r
M o n o x id e
1..) Ca r b o n
D i o x i d e
2.) Sulfur
e n D i o x id e
3.) N it r o g
la t e M a tt e r
4.) P a r ti c u
n d L e v e l
5.) Grou
Ozone
Carbon Monoxide
• Colorless, odorless
• Produced when carbon does not burn
in fossil fuels
• Present in car exhaust
• Deprives body of O2 causing
headaches, fatigue, and impaired
vision
Sulfur Dioxide
• Produced when coal and fuel
oil are burned
• Present in power plant exhaust
• Narrows the airway, causing
wheezing and shortness of
breath, especially in those with
asthma
Nitrogen Dioxide
• Reddish, brown gas
• Produced when nitric
oxide combines with
oxygen in the atmosphere
• Present in car exhaust and
power plants
• Affects lungs and causes
wheezing; increases
chance of respiratory
infection
Particulate Matter
• Particles of different sizes and
structures that are released into the
atmosphere
• Present in many sources including
fossil fuels, dust, smoke, fog, etc.
• Can build up in respiratory system
• Aggravates heart and lung disease;
increases risk of respiratory
infection
Ground Level Ozone
• At upper level, ozone shields Earth from
sun’s harmful UV rays
• At ground level, ozone is harmful
pollutants
• Formed from car, power and chemical
plant exhaust
• Irritate respiratory system and asthma;
reduces lung function by inflaming and
damaging lining of lungs
These 5 together form.....
SMOG
• Combination of gases with water vapor
and dust
• Combination of words smoke and fog
• Forms when heat and sunlight react
gases (photochemical smog)
• Occurs often with heavy traffic, high
temperatures, and calm winds
Its efe
cts.....
• 1st smog related deaths were in London
in 1873; death toll 500 people; can you
imagine how much worse the
atmosphere is now?!
• Limits visibility
• Decreases UV radiation
• Yellow/black color over cities
• Causes respiratory problems and
bronchial related deaths
The other problems.....
The Greenhouse Efect
Global Warming
Thinning of Upper OZone Layer
Acid Rain
Indoor Air Pollution
 Efficient insulation
 Bacteria
 Molds and mildews
 Viruses
 animal dander and cat saliva
 plants
 house dust
 Mites
 Cockroaches
 pollen
So, What can YOU do?
• Ride your bike

• Tell your friends and family about pollution

• Make sure your parents get pollution checks


on their cars

• Ride the school bus


• Learn more; stay up to date

• Join a group to stop pollution

• Encourage your parents to carpool to


work

• Switch off lights, fan, heat, etc. when


you leave the room
We only have one world.....
Do you want it like this?
CONCLUSION
 Air pollution has long been a serious
problem in the world.
 Without air, Earth would be unable to
sustain life.
 Spread the Word.
Thanks