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A. Informal Education
B. Formal Education
Paciano’s Influence
 Jose Rizal’s only brother
 A big influence in the life
of the young Jose Rizal
 Educated in Manila but
never finished his
education in UST due to
 He planned Jose Rizal’s
life – together with the
Father Don Francisco
Mercado they sent Jose
in Manila, Paciano also
introduced Jose Rizal to
women, he planned Jose
Rizal’s education and
travels in Europe
Los Banos, Laguna
Impact of the GOMBURZA
 Mariano Gomez, Jose Burgos, Jacinto
 Forerunners of the Secularization
Movement (struggle inside the Church
between the friars and the Filipino priests
known as “secular priests”)
 The Cavite Mutiny in January 20, 1872 was
led by Sergeant Lamadrid and defeated
by the Spanish authorities
 February17, 1872
 Garrote–
strangulation  Executed in Luneta
machine de Bagumbayan
Secret Pact of the brothers
 Jose Rizal and Paciano
made a secret pact
 This pact between them
 Rizal’s education
abroad Paciano takes
care of the family and
the business
 Only one of them will
 Rizal’s mission to find
solution for the country’s
Rizal’s Informal Education
 The Mercado Family gave so much
regard to education. The parents of Jose
Rizal finished their education.
 The house in Calamba included a library
which was one of the biggest in the
Philippines during that time with 1,000
collection of books.
 Dona Lolay was
Pepe’s first teacher
 Reading, writing,
 At age 3 Pepe
memorized the
Spanish alphabet
 Lolay taught Jose
basic Spanish and
 Dona Lolay
(Teodora Alonzo)
read Jose his
favorite book El
Amigo delos Niños
 The Story of the
 When his mother  Maestro Celestino
got busy attehding  Maestro Lucas
his small store Jose Padua
Rizal was given  Maestro Leon
tutors. Monroy
 Justiniano Aquino
Cruz – Binan,
Laguna (1871-1872)
Formal Education
 Ateneo Municipal
 From 1872-1877
 Administered by
the Jesuits
 Jose Rizal took the
entrance exam in
Letran and passed
 Ateneo came from
athenaeum which
means the temple
of athena, the
goddess of wisdom
 Jesuits are known
for their liberal
Jose’s predicaments
 The term already
 He was small
 Frail looking

Don Manuel Jerez

convinced the
Jesuits to accept
Jose Rizal
 Class in Ateneo  Classroom style in
was divided into  Viva-voce question
Romans and and answer,
Carthaginians challenge-and-
 Rizal boarded in  General class
Binondo and later participation in every
in Intramuros argument
 One must be a fast
thinker and
articulate to shine in
Class Learning
 Review of lessons  He joined
yesterday organizations:
 Discussion of today’s  Marian Congreration
 Preview of  Apostleship of Prayer
tomorrow’s lesson – honor students
 Academy of Spanish
March 23, 1877 he Language
graduated with a  Academy of natural
degree in Bachelor of science – honor
Arts students
Rizal’s Diploma
Rizal in UST
 Aftergraduating in  Vacation in
Ateneo and Calamba – the
received his family had a
Bachelor of Arts discussion whether
to send Jose back
degree Rizal was to Manila or not
entitled to enroll
 Teodora disagreed
and get a degree
 Francisco and
in a university
Paciano agreed
Rizal and his Uncertainties
 Jose took up
Philosophy and
Letters because it
was what
Francisco wanted
 He asked advice to
the Father Rector
of Ateneo what
course fits him.
Rizal enters UST
 Important courses  Because Rizal was
during those days: undecided he took
(1) medicine to be up Philosophy and
a doctor; (2) law to Letters and
enrolled in Ateneo
be a practicing a vocational
lawyer and; (3) to course (perito
be a priest agrimensor)
leading to the title
of expert surveyor
The Medical Profession
 He finally decided  The Father Rector
to go to Medicine of Ateneo also
when he found out advised him to go
that his mother had to the medical field
eye problem which  In 1878, Rizal took
would lead to up Medicine in UST
Rizal Experiences in UST
A. Dominican- E. Champion of
controlled education Filipino students
B. Continue his affairs F. Decision to go
with literature abroad
C. Romances with
other girls
D. Victim of Spanish
 Established in 1611, the foremost
educational institution of European in the
Far East
 Conservative Education was evident
through: (1) Obsolete curriculum; (2)
Memorization without understanding; (3)
No academic freedom; (4) Racial
discrimination between Spanish and
native students
Literary Achievements
 A La Juventud Filipina (Sa Kabataang
Pilipino), 1879 Liceo Artistico-Letirario in Manila
with the theme of: grow up, oh timid flower
 The poem refers to what the native students/
youth can achieve when there is hard work
and perseverance
 Fair hope of the Motherland
 He won a first prize and a feather shaped
silver pen with a gold ribbon
 El Consejo de los Dioses (The Council of the
Gods), 1880 Liceo Artistico-Letirario in Manila
 The competition was launched in honor of
Miguel de Cervantes Spain’s famous writer.
 The allegory (play) was to established a
parallel among Homer, Virgil and Cervantes
 The Greek Gods in the play discussed the
comparative merits of these great writers and
decided to give: (1) Homer – trumpet (2) Virgil
– Lyre (3) Cervantes – the laurel
 Junto Al Pasig (Beside the Pasig), 1880
zarzuela staged at the Ateneo on the
occasion of the annual celebration of the
Feast Day of the Immaculate Conception
December 8, Patroness of Ateneo
 This centered on the child Leonido who
was being seduced by Satan and
because of the Child’s strong faith the
Virgin Mary saved him and banished
 It also hold the early nationalist ideas of
Romances with other girls
 Segunda Katigbak – from his Ateneo days
 Leonor Valenzuela – from Pagsanjan, Laguna, he
named him Orang. He wrote his letters using
invisible ink due to their family’s restrictions.
 Leonor Rivera – Taimis, cousin of Jose Rizal from
Camiling, Tarlac noted as Rizal’s true love for 11
 Miss “L” – an older woman Rizal visited in Calamba
at night for several times to talk about love.
Francisco found out and prohibited Jose to again
see Miss “L”.
Victim of Spanish Brutality
 One summer night in Calamba on 1878,
Jose did not recognized the head of the
guardia civil and he was slashed by a
sword for disrespect
 He complained in Malacañang but there
was no action done.
 It showed the native VS Spanish injustice
Champion of Filipino Students
 When in UST, Rizal  He founded a
fought for Filipino secret organization
students who in 1880 called
received Compañerismo
and its members
discriminatory acts were called
and prejudice “Companions of
 “Indio, chongo!” Jehu”
 “Kastila, bangus!”  Rizal was figured in
several street brawl
Decision to go Abroad
 In 1882, after finishing his fourth
year in medicine at UST
 Paciano and Jose entered in a
secret pact
 The mission was to send Jose
Rizal abroad to study and find
solution or reforms for the
problem of the natives
 On May 3, 1882 Rizal left for
Europe on board Salvadora
bound for Singapore and from
there will ride Djemnah to bring
him to Spain.
 On May 3, 1882
Rizal left for Europe
on board
Salvadora bound
for Singapore and
from there will ride
Djemnah to bring
him to Spain.