Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 16

Cavite

Mutiny
of 1872
Jose Montero Y Vidal

Document 301
Jose Montero Y Vidal
• Born on January 28, 1851
• Born in Andalusian Town of Gergal
• Went to Madrid to study law
• Government official residing in Manila in 1872
• Civil Governor in colonial provinces of the
Spanish Empire in 1875
• Married Carolina Marin-Baldo Burgueros in
Murcia and had 4 children
• Wrote Historia General de Filipinas
• “Cavite mutiny is an attempt of the Filipinos to
overthrow the Spanish Government.
• According to de Tavera, Vidal’s account was
biased.
CAVITE MUTINY OF 1872
TIMELINE
Y Vidal’s Account
January
April 4 Beginning January 21 January January
20,
1871 of 1872 1872 22, 1872 1872
1872
• Izquierdo abolished • Anonymous tips • Feast of the Virgin • Ginoves and his • Ginoves launched an • .instigators was
the privelages about the great of Loreto army waited for assult against rebels pointed out and
enjoyed by the rebellion And assassination of the rebels to and announced the sentence of death
laborers commander of the surrender suppression of revolts. was passed
port and his wifie

February February
January February 8, 15, February April 3,
27, 1872 6, 1872 17, 1872 1872
1872 1872
• Capt. General fixed • 11 more were • sentence of death • sentenced • GOMBURZA and •Lawyers involved
his “cumplase” on sentenced to death was pronounced on GOMBURZA, Saldua Saldua was executed. in mutiny was
the sentence but Gov. General Camerino and ten and Inocencio death suspended.
commuted it to life years imprisonment by strangulation and
imprisonment for the 11 Paraiso and De Los
individuals of the Reyes was sentenced
famous “Guias de La ten-year
Torre” imprisonment
•.
April 4,
July 1872
1872

• Native forces was • Spanish borns


replaced by arrived and a special
Spanish borns mass was held in Sto
Domingo church.
Rafael Gerónimo Cayetano Izquierdo y
Gutiérrez
• Iron-Fist type of government

• assumed control of the Philippines in April 4, 1871

• abolished the privileges enjoyed by the laborers (cause of the


mutiny)

Beginning of 1872
• Anonymous tips with the information that a great rebellion against Spaniards including
the friars will rise and the Conspiracy started during La Torre’s time.

Principal leaders of the mutiny met in either the house of D. Joaquin Pardo de Tavera
or Jacinto Zamora and was attended by curate of Bacoor (soul of the movement)
January 20, 1972
• In the evening of January 20, 1872,
fireworks were displayed and rockets
fired into the air to celebrate the feast.
• The conspirators in Cavite mistook these
for the signal to revolt. Hence, at 9:30 pm
of that day 200 native soldiers under the
leadership of Sergeant Fernando La
Madrid rose up in arms, assassinated the
commander of the fort and his wife.
• D Fernando Rojas (military governor of
cavite) sent two Spaniards to inform Manila
authorities about what happened. At about
the same time, an employee of the
arsenal/weaponry, D. Domingo Mijares went
to Manila and informed the commandant of
Marine about what had occurred and this
official immediately relayed the news to Gov.
Izquierdo.
January 21, 1872
• two unit of army left for Cavite under the command of D. Felipe Ginoves.
They waited for the rebels to surrender to avoid shedding of blood. When
they didn’t surrender, At the morning of January 22, Ginoves launched an
assault against them and on the same day, an official proclamation
announced the suppression of revolt.

Instigators of the Cavite Mutiny


• Curates of Cathedral, Don Jose Burgos and D. Jacinto Zamora

• Curate of Bacoor, Mariano Gomez

• Lawyer , D. Antonio Maria Regidor, Enrique Paraiso

• Regidor of Ayuntamiento, D. Joaquin Pardo de Tavera

• Consejero de Administracion, Pedro Carillo, Gervasio Sanchez and Jose


Mauricio De Leon

• Employees of Paraiso, Jose and Pio Basa

• Crisanto Reyes and Maximo Paterno


REBELS
GOMBURZA
• Thecouncil of war passed the sentence of death of 41
rebels. But on February 6, 1872, eleven more were
sentenced but the Governor-General commuted this
sentence to life imprisonment.
• On February 8th , the sentence of death was
pronounced on Camerino and ten years imprisonment
for the 11 individuals of the famous “Guias de La
Torre”, for the assassination of Spaniards who were
sent to Manila to carry the news of rebellion.
February 15, 1872

Sentenced to die by Strangulation


• GOMBURZA

• Francisco Saldua

• Maximo Inocensio

10 years imprisonment
• Enrique Paraiso

• Crisanto de los Reyes


February 17, 1872
• They were executed at the Bagumbayan. Mariano Gomez was
the first, followed by Jacinto Zamora then Jose Burgos and
the last one is Francisco Saldua.

April 3, 1872
• D. Jose Basa Y Enriquez, D. Joaquin Pardo de
Tavera, D. Antonio Maria Regidor, D. Pedro Carillo,
D. Gervasio Sanchez and D. Mauricio de Leon Was
suspended from the practice of law by
Audiencia.
• Izquierdo requested the
sending of Spanish troops to
Manila for the defense of the
fort because most of the troop
that was found here were
natives. On April 4 1872, the
government dissolved native
artillery force and was replaced
of Peninsulares (Spanish born).
Peninsulares arrived at Manila
in July 1872 and a special
mass in Sto Domingo church
was held.
January
April 4 Beginning January 21 January January
20,
1871 of 1872 1872 22, 1872 1872
1872
• Izquierdo abolished • Anonymous tips • Feast of the Virgin • Ginoves and his • Ginoves launched an • .instigators was
the privelages about the great of Loreto army waited for assult against rebels pointed out and
enjoyed by the rebellion And assassination of the rebels to and announced the sentence of death
laborers commander of the surrender suppression of revolts. was passed
port and his wifie

February February
January February 8, 15, February April 3,
27, 1872 6, 1872 17, 1872 1872
1872 1872
• Capt. General fixed • 11 more were • sentence of death • sentenced • GOMBURZA and •Lawyers involved
his “cumplase” on sentenced to death was pronounced on GOMBURZA, Saldua Saldua was executed. in mutiny was
the sentence but Gov. General Camerino and ten and Inocencio death suspended.
commuted it to life years imprisonment by strangulation and
imprisonment for the 11 Paraiso and De Los
individuals of the Reyes was sentenced
famous “Guias de La ten-year
Torre” imprisonment
•.
April 4,
July 1872
1872

• Native forces was • Spanish borns


replaced by arrived and a special
Spanish borns mass was held in Sto
Domingo church.