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Database Management System

Aruna. R




Veera Samyuktha
Database Management System:
A database management system (DBMS) is a system software for
creating and managing databases. It provides users and programmers with
a systematic way to create, retrieve, update and manage data. A DBMS
makes it possible for end users to create, read, update and delete data in a
database. It essentially serves as an interface between the database and end
users or application programs, ensuring that data is consistently organized
and remains easily accessible.
Fundamental Data Concepts:
A conceptual framework of several levels of data has been devised that
differentiates among different groupings, or elements of data.
 Character

 Field
 Record

 File

 Database
Database Structures:
The relationships among the many individual data elements stored in
databases are based on one of several logical data structures or models.

Database Structures

Multi-dimensional Object-oriented
Hierarchical Structure Network Structure Relational Structure Relational Operations
Structure Structure
Hierarchical Structure:
A DBMS is said to be hierarchical if the relationships among data in the
database are established in such a way that one data item is present as the
subordinate of another one or a sub unit. Here subordinate means that items
have "parent-child" relationships among them.

Network Structure:
A DBMS is said to be a Network DBMS if the relationships among data in the
database are of type many-to-many. The relationships among many-to-many
appears in the form of a network. Thus the structure of a network database is
extremely complicated because of these many-to-many relationships in which
one record can be used as a key of the entire database.

Relational Structure:
A DBMS is said to be a Relational DBMS or RDBMS if the database
relationships are treated in the form of a table. The data can be related to other
data in the same table or other tables which has to be correctly managed by
joining one or more tables.