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HOW

FLOWERING
PLANTS
REPRODUCE
NOVEMBER 4,
NOVEMBER 4,
2019
OBJECTIVES:
 describe the reproductive
parts of plants and their
functions; and
 describe the mode of
reproduction in flowering
plants; and
 label the parts of a flower
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN
PLANTS
 Flowering Plants
1. ANGIOSPERMS – flowering
plants
2. GYMNOSPERMS – non
flowering plants
ANGIOSPERMS
GYMNOSPERMS
SEXUAL REPRODUCTION IN
PLANTS
 FLOWERS are the reproductive
structures of plants. The most
important functions are to ensure
fertilization of the egg cell within
the ovule and to help in the
development of the ovary into a
fruit that contains the seed.
FLOWERS
PARTS OF A FLOWER
PARTS OF A FLOWER
PARTS OF A FLOWER
PARTS OF A FLOWER
 COROLLA – it comprises
the petals of flowers. The
main function is for
protection and attraction. It
contains nectarines that
give them characteristic
scent.
PARTS OF A FLOWER
 CALYX – it comprises the
sepals of the flower. It is
color green. SEPALS
protects the flower when it is
still a bud and contributes to
the process of
photosynthesis.
PARTS OF A FLOWER
 RECEPTACLE – it supports
the entire flower.
PEDUNCLE/STALK – it
connects the flower to the
branch or stem.
PARTS OF A FLOWER
PISTIL – it is the female
reproductive structure. It is made
up of three parts: STIGMA, STYLE
and OVARY.
STIGMA – it is the swollen tip of
the pistil.
STYLE – it is a long, slender tube
that connects the stigma and ovary
PARTS OF A FLOWER
 OVARY – it is the enlarged basal
portion of the pistil that houses the
ovule.
 STAMEN – it is the male
reproductive structure. It is
composed of two parts:
1. Anther – it is the expanded and
lobular structure at the tip of the
filament
2. Filament – it is the stalk that
POLLINATION AND
FERTILIZATION IN FLOWERING
PLANTS
Pollination occurs when the pollen
grain of one flower reaches the
stigma of another flower.
 The sperm cells from that pollen
grain are released on the stigma.
The pollen grain grows a pollen
tube downward until it reaches an
ovule and releases two sperms.
POLLINATION AND
FERTILIZATION IN FLOWERING
PLANTS
 Double Fertilization happens
when one sperm cell of a pollen
grain fertilizes an egg cell while the
other cell combines with a cell
called ENDOSPERM.
KINDS OF POLLINATION
 SELF POLLINATION – it occurs
when the pollen is transferred from
the stamen of one flower to the
pistil of the same flower
 CROSS POLLINATION – the
pollen grain is transferred from the
anther of one flower to the stigma
of another flower of the same kind.
HOW POLLEN IS
TRANSFERRED?
The agents of pollination BEES,
BUTTERFLIES, DRAGONFLIES, and
other insects may carry the pollen
grains on their feet.
Water may also transfer pollen
grains from the anthers of a flower
to its own stigma, or to the stigmas
of another flower of the same kind.
HOW POLLEN IS
TRANSFERRED
Wind also carries pollen grains.
Wind may blow the pollen grains
and they may fall on the stigma of
the pistil.

Humans can also transfer pollen


through touching different flowers,
they can transfer pollen grains from
the anther of a stigma to the style
of a pistil.
FRUIT AND SEEDS
A fruit is an enlarged ovary that
may contain seeds. It is formed
according to the structure of their
flowers.

The SEED is the ripened ovule,


consists of the seed coat, embryo
and endosperm.
PARTS OF A SEED
PARTS OF A SEED
FRUIT AND SEEDS
SEED COAT – it is developed from
the wall of the ovule.
HILUM – it is a scar which marks the
attachment of the ovule to the
ovary.
EMBRYO – it develops from the
fertilized egg.
FRUIT AND SEEDS
ENDOSPERM – it is a food storage
tissue that develops from the
endosperm nucleus.

COTYLEDONS are modified leaves.

MONOCOTS – plants with one


cotyledon

DICOTS – plants with two


FRUIT AND SEEDS
EPICOTYL – it is the part of the
embryo above the point of
attachment of the cotyledons.

HYPOCOTYL – it is the part of


embryo below the point of
attachment of the cotyledons.
FRUIT AND SEEDS
RADICLE – it is the lowest part of
the hypocotyl.

SEED DISPERSAL – it is the


process by which seeds are
scattered, moved or transported
away from the parent plant to a
much wider area.
SEED DISPERSAL
These are the ways seeds are
dispersed:
1. Seeds come in a pod. When the
pod dries up, it blasts and forcefully
sends the seeds inside the pods
away from the parent plant.
2. Some seeds are dispersed when
animals eat them.
3. Some seeds have a hook – like
extension on their seed coat
SEED DISPERSAL
4. Some seeds have feather like
structures that allow them to float
in the wind.
5. Some seed coats are made up of
light, waterproof materials that
allow them to float on water.

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